Advertisement

Archaeological Oceanography

  • Robert D. Ballard
Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions To Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Abstract

Recent advances in deep-submergence technology as well as the discovery of a growing number of cultural sites in the world’s oceans have led to the emergence of a new field of research, Archaeological Oceanography. The purpose of this paper is to review the short history of this newly emerging field of research including the evolution of remotely operated vehicle systems, various examples of their application in field programs, and the challenges future programs face in gaining access to the resources and tools needed to carry out such work in the great depths and remote locations of the world where submerged cultural resources may be found.

Keywords

Acoustic Target Archaeological Community Wreck Site Press Book Underwater Archaeology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akal, T., Ballard, R.D., and Bass, G.F., eds., 2004, The Application of Recent Advances in Underwater Detection and Survey Techniques to Underwater Archaeology. Conference Proceedings, Bodrum, Turkey, 3–7 May. Ofset Basim Yayin A.S., Istanbul.Google Scholar
  2. Ballard, R.D., 1987, The Discovery of the TITANIC. Warner/Madison Press Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Ballard, R.D., 1990, The Lost Wreck of the ISIS. Random House/Madison Press Books, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Ballard, R.D., 1993, The MEDEA/JASON remotely operated vehicle system. Deep-Sea Research Part I 40(8):1673–1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ballard, R.D., 2001, Maritime Archaeology. In Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Vol. 3, edited by John H. Steele, Karl Turekian, and Steve A. Thorpe, pp. 1675–1681. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Ballard, R.D., 2002, Collision with History: The Search for John F. Kennedy’s PT-109, National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  7. Ballard, R.D., 2004, Technology, Oceanography, and Archaeology. In The Applications of Recent Advances in Underwater Detection and Survey Techniques to Underwater Archaeology. Conference Proceedings, Bodrum, Turkey, 3–7 May. edited by T. Akal, R.D. Ballard, and G.F. Bass, p. 7. Ofset Basim Yayin A.S., Istanbul.Google Scholar
  8. Ballard, R.D., n.d., Deepwater Archaeology. In Terra Marique: Studies in Honor of Anna Marguerite McCann. Monograph Series of the Archaeological Institute of America, in press.Google Scholar
  9. Ballard, R.D., and Archbold, R., 1990, The Discovery of the BISMARCK, Warner/Madison Press Books, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Ballard, R.D., and Archbold, R., 1993, The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal, Warner/Madison Press Books, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Ballard, R.D., and Archbold, R., 1999, Return to Midway. National Geographic Society/Madison Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  12. Ballard, R.D., and Hively, W., 2000, Internal Darkness. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  13. Ballard, R.D., Stager, L.E., Master, D., Yoerger, D., Mindell, D., Whitcomb, L.,Singh, H., and Piechota, D., 2002, Iron Age Shipwrecks in Deep Water Off Ashkelon, Israel. American Journal of Archaeology 106(2):151–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ballard, R.D., Hiebert, Fredrik T., Coleman, Dwight F., Ward, Cheryl, Smith, Jennifer, Willis, Kathryn, Foley, Brendan, Croff, Kathrine, Major, Candace, and Torre, Francesco, 2001, Deepwater Archaeology of the Black Sea: The 2000 Season at Sinop, Turkey. American Journal of Archaeology 105(4):607–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ballard, R.D., Mc Cann, A.M., Yoerger, D., Whitcomb, L., Mindell, D., Oleson, J., Singh, H., Foley. B., Adams, J., Piechota, D., and Giangrande, C., 2000, The Discovery of Ancient History in the Deep Sea Using Advanced Deep Submergence Technology. Deep-Sea Research Part I 47(9):1591–1620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ballard, R.D., Yoerger, D.R., Stewart, and W.K., Bowen, A., 1991, Argo/Jason: A Remotely Operated Survey and Sampling System for Full-Ocean Depth. IEEE, Oceans 1991 Proceedings, vol 1, pp. 71–75.Google Scholar
  17. Ballard, R.D., Bryan, W.B., Heirtzler, J.R., Keller, G., Moore, J.G., and van Andel, Tj.H., 1975, Manned submersible observations in the FAMOUS area: Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Science 190:103–108.Google Scholar
  18. Dettweiller, T., Bethge, T. and Phaneuf B., 2001, Nauticos Discovers Ancient Shipwreck. Meridian Passages (publication of Nauticos Corp.) VIII(1, winter):1–3.Google Scholar
  19. Environmental News Network Staff, 1998, Shipwreck of lost ‘Sea People’found, http://edition.cnn.com/TECH/science/9810/16/shipwreck.yoto/Google Scholar
  20. Jasinski, M.E., and Soreide, F., 2004, Deepwater Archaeology from a Norwegian Prespective, In Proceedings of the 1st Conference on Deep Water Archaeological Exploration. Technology and Perspectives, The Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities and the Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Athens, Greece.Google Scholar
  21. McCann, A.M., and Freed, J., 1994, Deep Water Archaeology: A Late-Roman ship from Carthage and an ancient trade route near Skerki bank off northwest Sicily. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 13,Google Scholar
  22. McCann, A.M., and Oleson. J.P., 2004, Deep-Water Shipwrecks off Skerki Bank; The 1997 Survey. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 58, Portsmouth, Rhode Island.Google Scholar
  23. Wachsmann, S., 2004, The Persian War Shipwreck Survey 2003–2004: Preliminary Report. In Proceedings of the 1st Conference on Deep Water Archaeological Exploration. Technology and Prespectives, The Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities and the Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Athens, Greece.Google Scholar
  24. Ward, C., and Ballard, R.D., 2004, Deep-water Archaeological Survey in the Black Sea: 2000 Season. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 33(1):2–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert D. Ballard

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations