The Total Irradiance Monitor (TIM): Instrument Design
The Total Irradiance Monitor (TIM) instrument is designed to measure total solar irradiance with an absolute accuracy of 100 parts per million. Four electrical substitution radiometers behind precision apertures measure input radiant power while providing redundancy. Duty cycling the use of the radiometers tracks degradation of the nickel-phosphorous absorptive black radiometer interiors caused by solar exposure. Phase sensitive detection at the shutter frequency reduces noise and simplifies the estimate of the radiometer’s equivalence ratio. An as-designed uncertainty budget estimates the instrument’s accuracy goal. The TIM measurement equation defines the conversion from measured signal to solar irradiance.
KeywordsEquivalence Ratio Digital Signal Processor Total Solar Irradiance Combine Standard Uncertainty Phase Sensitive Detection
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