Drug Abuse Prevention in the Workplace

  • Royer F. Cook
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)


Illicit Drug Drug Testing Alcohol Problem Abuse Prevention Substance Abuse Problem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrams, D. B., Elder, J. P., Carleton, R. A., Lasater, T. M., & Artz, L. M. (1986). Social learning principles for organizational health promotion: An integrated approach. In M. F. Cataldo & T. J. Coates (Eds.), Health and industry: A behavioral medicine perspective. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Alleyne, B. C., Stuart, P., & Copes, R. (1991). Alcohol and other drug use in occupational facilities. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 3, 496–500.Google Scholar
  3. American Management Association (1995). The 1995 AMA Survey: Workplace drug testing and drug abuse policies. New York: AMA.Google Scholar
  4. Ames, G. M. (1993). Research and strategies for the primary prevention of workplace alcohol problems. Alcohol, Health and Research World 17(1), 19–27.Google Scholar
  5. Ames, G., Grube, J. W., & Moore, R. S. (2000). Social control and workplace drinking norms: A comparison of two organizational studies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 203–219.Google Scholar
  6. Ames, G. M., & Janes, C. R., (1987). Heavy and problem drinking in an American blue-collar population. Social Sciences and Medicine, 25, 949–960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bennett, J. B., & Lehman, W. E. (1997). Employee views of organizational wellness and the EAP: Influence on substance use, drinking climates, and policy attitudes. Employee Assistance Quarterly, 13(1), 55–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blank, D. L., and Fenton, J. W., (1989). Early employment testing for marijuana: demo-graphic and employees retention patterns. In S. W. Gust, & J. M., Walsh (Eds.), Drugs in the workplace: Research and evaluation data. Rockville, MD: NIDA Research Monograph No. 91, National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  9. Bray, R. M., Kroutil, L. A., Luckey, J. W., Wheeless, S. C., Iannacchoine, V. G., Anderson, D. W., Marsden, M. E., & Dunteman, G. H. (1991). Worldwide survey of substance abuse and health behaviors among military personnel. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (1994). National evaluation of the Community Partnership Demonstration Program: Third annual report, 1993. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.Google Scholar
  11. CONSAD Corporation (1989). Analysis of occupational substance use and workplace safety: Final report. Pittsburgh, PA: CONSAD Research Corporation.Google Scholar
  12. Cook, R. F. (1985). The alternatives approach revisited: A bio-psychological model and guidelines for application. International Journal of the Addictions, 20(a), 1399–1419.Google Scholar
  13. Cook, R. F., & Back, A. (Executive Producers) (1993). Working people: Decisions about drinking. Washington, DC: ISA Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
  14. Cook, R. F., Back, A. S., & Trudeau, J. (1996a). Substance abuse prevention in the workplace: Recent findings and an expanded conceptual model. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 16(3), 319–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cook, R. F., Back, A. S., & Trudeau, J. (1996b). Preventing alcohol use problems among blue-collar workers: A field test of the Working People program. Substance Use & Misuse, 31(3), 255–275.Google Scholar
  16. Cook, R. F., Back, A. S., Trudeau, J. V., & McPherson, T. (in press). Integrating substance abuse prevention into health promotion programs in the workplace. In J. Bennett & W. Lehman (Eds.), Beyond drug testing: Innovative approaches to dealing with employee substance abuse. Washington: APA Books.Google Scholar
  17. Cook, R. F., Bernstein, A. D., & Andrews, C. M. (1997). Assessing drug use in the workplace: A comparison of self-report, urinalysis and hair analysis. In L. Harrison & A. Hughes (Eds.), The validity of self-reported drug use: Improving the accuracy of survey estimates. Washington, DC: NIDA Research Monograph 167, NIH Pub. No. 96-4147.Google Scholar
  18. Cook, R. F., & Youngblood, A. (1990). Preventing substance abuse as an integral part of worksite health promotion. Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, 5(4), 725–738.Google Scholar
  19. Cornell/Smithers (1992). Report on workplace substance abuse policy. Ithaca, NY: Smithers Institute, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  20. Delaney, W., & Ames, G. (1993). Shop steward handling on alcohol-related problems. Addiction, 88, 1205–1214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. DiClemente, C. C., Prochaska, J. O., Fairhurst, S. K., Velicer, W. F., Velasquez, M. M., & Rossi, J. S. (1991). The process of smoking cessation: An analysis of precontemplation, contemplation, and preparation stages of change. Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology, 59, 295–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Erfurt, J. C., Foote, A., & Heirich, M. A. (1992). Integrating employee assistance and wellness: Current and future core technologies of a megabrush program. Journal of Employee Assistance Research, 1(1), 1–31.Google Scholar
  23. Fishbein, M. (1983). Factors influencing health behaviors: An analysis based on a theory of reasoned action. In R. Landry (Ed.), Health risk estimation, risk reduction and health promotion. Papers presented at the 18th Annual Meeting of the Society of Prospective Medicine, Quebec City, Oct. 20–23, 1982. Ottawa: Canadian Public Health Association.Google Scholar
  24. Glasgow, R. E., Sorensen, G., Giffen, C., Shipley, R. H., Corbett, K., & Lynn, W. (1996). Promoting worksite smoking control policies and actions: The Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT) experience. Preventive Medicine, 25, 186–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Glynn, T., Boyd, G., & Gruman, J. (1990). Essential elements of self-help/minimal intervention strategies for smoking cessation. Health Education Quarterly, 17, 329–345.Google Scholar
  26. Gomel, M., Oldenburg, B., Simpson, J., & Owen, N. (1993). Worksite cardiovascular risk reduction: A randomized trial of health risk assessment, education, counseling, and incentives. American Journal of Public Health, 87(9), 1231–1238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Heaney, C., & Goetzel, R. (1997). A review of health-related outcomes of multi-component worksite health promotion programs. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11(4), 290–307.Google Scholar
  28. Heather, N. (1989). Brief intervention strategies. In R. Hester & W. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches: Effective alternatives (pp. 93–116). New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  29. Heirich, M., & Seick, C. J. (2000). Worksite cardiovascular wellness programs as a route to substance abuse prevention. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 42, 47–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hoffman, J. P., Larrison, C., & Sanderson, A. (1997). An analysis of worker drug use and workplace policies and programs. Rockville, MD: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies.Google Scholar
  31. Howland, J., Mangione, T., Kuhlthan, K., Bell, N., Heeren, T., Lee, M., & Levine, S. (1996). Worksite variation in managerial drinking. Addiction, 91(7), 1007–1017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jeffery, R. W., Forster, J. L., French, S., Kelder, S. A., Lando, H., McGovern, P., Jacobs. D., & Baxter, J. (1993). Healthy Worker Project: A work site intervention for weight control and smoking cessation. American Journal of Public Health, 83, 395–401.Google Scholar
  33. Kishuk, N., Peters, C., Towers, A., Sylvester, M., Bourgault, C., & Richard, L. (1994). Formative and effectiveness evaluation of a worksite program promoting healthy alcohol consumption. American Journal of Health Promotion, 8(5), 353–362.Google Scholar
  34. Kline, M., & Snow, D. (1994). Effects of a worksite coping skills intervention on the stress, social support and health outcomes of working mothers. Journal of Primary Prevention, 15(2), 105–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lehman, W. E. K., Holcom, M. L., & Simpson, D. D. (1990). Employee health and performance in the workplace: A survey of municipal employees of a large southwest city. Unpublished manuscript, Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.Google Scholar
  36. Lehman, W., & Simpson, D. (1992). Employee substance use and on-the-job behaviors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 309–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  38. Lewis, R. J. (1990). Day-night patterns in workplace accidental deaths: Role of alcohol abuse as a contributing factor. In Chronobiology: Its Role in Clinical Medicine, General Biology and Agriculture. Part B. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research (pp. 327–335). New York: Liss.Google Scholar
  39. MacDonald, S., Wells, S., & Fry, R. (1993). The limitations of drug screening in the workplace. International Labor Review 132(1), 95–113.Google Scholar
  40. Mangione, T. W., Howland, J., Amick, B., Cote, J., Lee, M., Bell, N., & Levine, S. (1999). Employee drinking practices and work performance. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 60, 261–270.Google Scholar
  41. Moody, D. E., Crouch, D. J., Andrenyak, D. M., Smith, R. P., Wilkins, D. G., Hoffman, A. M., & Rollins, D. E. (1990). Mandatory post accident drug and alcohol testing for the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). In S. W. Gust & J. M. Walsh (Eds.), Drugs in the workplace: Research and evaluation Data Vol. II (NIDA Research Monograph No. 100, pp. 79–96). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
  42. Normand, J., Lempert, R. O., & O’Brien, C. P. (Eds., 1994). Under the influence? Drugs and the American work force. National Research Council/Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  43. Normand, J., Salyards, S., & Mahoney, J. J. (1990). An evaluation of pre-employment drug testing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 629–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. O’Donnell, M. P., & Harris, J. S. (1994). Health promotion in the workplace. Albany, NY: Delmore Publishers.Google Scholar
  45. Parish, D. C. (1989). Relation of the pre-employment drug testing result to employment status: A one-year follow-up, J. Gen. Med., 4, 44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Pearlin, L. I., & Schooler, C. (1978). The structure of coping. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 19, 2–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Prochaska, J. O., DiClemente, C. C., & Norcross, J. C. (1992). In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviors. American Psychologist, 47(9), 1102–1114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rice, D. P., Kelman, S., Miller, L. S., & Dunmeyer, S. (1990). The economic costs of alcohol and drug abuse and mental illness: 1985. San Francisco: University of California, Institute for Health and Aging.Google Scholar
  49. Roman, P. M. (1990). The salience of alcohol problems in the work setting: Introduction and overview. In P. M. Roman, Alcohol problem intervention in the workplace: Employee assistance programs and strategic alternatives (pp. 1–16). New York: Quorum Books.Google Scholar
  50. Roman, P., & Blum, T. (1996). Alcohol: A review of the impact of worksite interventions on health and behavioral outcomes. American Journal of Health Promotion, 11(2), 136–149.Google Scholar
  51. Rosenbaum, A. L., Lehman, W. E. K., Olson, K. E., & Holcom, M. L. (1992). Prevalence of substance use and its association with performance among municipal workers in a southwestern city. Unpublished manuscript. Institute of Behavioral Research. Texas Christian University, Fort Worth.Google Scholar
  52. Rosenstock, I. M., Strecher, V. J., & Becker, M. H. (Summer, 1988). Social learning theory and the health belief model. Health Education Quarterly, 15(2).Google Scholar
  53. SAMHSA (1996). Preliminary estimates from the 1995 national household survey on drug abuse. Washington, DC: U.S. Public Health Service.Google Scholar
  54. Shain, M., Suurvali, H., & Boutilier, M. (1986). Healthier workers: Health promotion and employee assistance programs. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  55. Shehadeh, V., & Shain, M. (1990). Influences on wellness in the workplace: A multivariate approach. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation.Google Scholar
  56. Snow, D. (1996). A workplace intervention to address work and family stressors: Effects on coping and alcohol use. Paper presented at Conference on Research on Alcohol Problems in the Worksite: Moving toward Prevention Research. Washington, DC, April.Google Scholar
  57. Snow, D., & Kline, M. (1995). Preventive interventions in the workplace to reduce negative psychiatric consequences of work and family stress. In C. M. Mazure (Ed.), Does stress cause psychiatric illness? (pp. 220–270). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  58. Sofian, N. S., McAfee, T., Doctor, J., & Carson, D. (1994). Tobacco control and cessation. In M. P. O’Donnell M. P. & J. S. Harris (Eds.), Health promotion in the workplace (pp. 343–366). Albany, NY: Delmar.Google Scholar
  59. Sonnenstuhl, W. (1996). Working sober: The transformation of an occupational drinking culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  60. Sonnenstuhl, W., & Trice, H. (1987). The social construction of alcohol problems in a union’s peer counseling program. Journal of Drug Issues, 17(3), 223–254.Google Scholar
  61. Sorensen, G., Lando, H., & Pechacek, T. (1993). Promoting smoking cessation in the workplace: Results of a randomized controlled intervention study. Journal of Medicine, 35, 121–126.Google Scholar
  62. Trice, H. M., & Roman, P. M. (1972). Spirits and demons at work. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.Google Scholar
  63. Trice, H. M., & Steele, P. D. (1995). Impairment testing: Issues and conversion with employee assistance programs. Journal of Drug Issues, 25(2), 471–503.Google Scholar
  64. Vicary, J. R. (1994). Primary prevention and the workplace. Presentation: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Problems in the Workplace: Incentives for Prevention. San Diego, CA, May 12–14, 1994.Google Scholar
  65. Walsh, J. M. (1995). Is workplace drug-testing effective: Let’s see the data! Guest editorial in MRO Update, October.Google Scholar
  66. Walsh, D. C., Rudd, R., Biener, L., & Mangione, T. (1993). Researching and preventing alcohol problems at work: Toward an integrative model. American Journal of Health Promotion 7(4), 289–295.Google Scholar
  67. Winkler, H., & Sheridan, J. (1989). An examination of behavior related to drug use at Georgia Power Company. Presentation: National Institute on Drug Abuse Conference on Drugs in the Workplace: Research and Evaluation Data. Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Royer F. Cook
    • 1
  1. 1.The ISA GroupAlexandria

Personalised recommendations