Current Thoughts on Terrestrialization in African Apes and the Origin of Human Bipedalism

  • Hidemi Ishida
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

6. References

  1. Brunet, M., Guy, F., Pilbeam, D., Mackaye, H., Likius, A., Ahounta, D., Beauvilain, A., Blondel, C., Bocherens, H., Boisserie, J.-R., de Bonis, L., Coppens, Y., Dejax, J., Denys, C., Duringer, P., Eisenmann, V., Fanone, G., Fronty, P., Geraads, D., Lehmann, T., Lihoreau, F., Louchar, A., Mahamat, A., Merceron, G., Mouchelin, G., Otero, O., Campomanes, P., Ponce de Leon, M., Rage, J.-C., Sapanet, M., Schuster, M., Sudre, J., Tassy, P., Valentin, X., Vignaud, P., Viriot, L Zazzo, A., and Zollikofer, C., 2002, A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa, Nature, 418: 145–151.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cant, J., 1987a, Positional behavior of female borneam orangutans, Am J. Primat., 12: 71–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cant J., 1987b, Effects of sexual dimorphism in body size on feeding postural behavior of Sumatran orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), Am. J. Phys. Anthrop., 74: 143–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cartmill, M., 1974, Pads and claws in arborieal locomotion, in: Primate Locomotion, Jenkins, F., ed., Academic Press, pp. 45–84.Google Scholar
  5. Conroy, G., Pickford, M., Senut, B., Van Couvering, J., and Mein, P., 1992, Otavipithecus namibiensis, first Miocene hominoid from southern Africa, Nature, 356: 144–148.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haile-Selassie, Y., 2001, Late Miocene hominids from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature, 412: 178–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hewes, G., 1961, Food transport and the origin of hominid bipedalism, Am. Anthrop. 63: 687–710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hill, A., 1995, Faunal and environmental change in the Neogene of East Africa: Evidence from the Tugen Hills Sequence, Baringo District, Kenya, in: Palaeoclimate and Evolution with Emphasis on Human Origins, Vrba E., Denton G., Partridge T., and Burckle L., eds., Yale Univ. Press, pp. 178–196.Google Scholar
  9. Hunt, K., 1991, Positional Behavior in the Hominoidea, Int. J. Primat., 12: 95–118.Google Scholar
  10. Ishida, H., Kimura, T., and Okada, M., 1974, Patterns of bipedal walking in anthropoid primates, in: Proc. Symp. 5th Cong. Int. Primatol. Soc., Japanese Science Press, Tokyo, pp. 287–301.Google Scholar
  11. Ishida, H., 1991, A strategy for long distance walking in the earliest hominids: Effect of posture on energy expenditure during bipedal walking, in: Origine(s) de la bipedie chez les hominides, Coppens, Y., and Senut, B., eds., CNRS, Paris, pp. 9–15.Google Scholar
  12. Ishida, H., and Pickford, M., 1997, A new Late Miocene hominoid from Kenya: Samburupithecus kiptalami gen. et sp. nov. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 325: 823–829.Google Scholar
  13. Ishida, H., Kunimatsu, Y., Nakatsukasa, M., and Nakano, Y., 1999, New hominoid genus from the middle Miocene of Nachola, Kenya. Anthrop. Sci., 107: 189–191.Google Scholar
  14. Ishida, H., Kunimatsu, Y., Takano, T., Nakano, Y., and Nakatsukasa, M., 2004, Nacholapithecus skeleton from the Middle Miocene of Kenya, J. Hum. Evol. 46: 67–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Livingstone, F., 1962, Reconstructing man’s Pliocene pongid ancestor, Am. Anthropol. 64: 301–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lovejoy, C., 1981, The origin of man. Science, 211: 341–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. McHenry, H., 1982, The pattern of human evolution: Studies on bipedalism, mastication, and encephalization, Ann. Rev. Anthropol., 11: 151–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nakatsukasa, M., Kunimatsu, Y., Nakano, Y., and Ishida, H., 2002, Morphology of the hallucial phalanges in extant anthropoids and fossil hominoids, Z. Morph. Anthhrop. 83: 361–372.Google Scholar
  19. Napier J., 1970, The Roots of Mankind, Smithsonian Institute, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Napier J., and Napier, P., 1967, A Handbook of Living Primates, Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  21. Pickford, M., and Senut B., 2001, The geological and faunal context of Late Miocene hominid remains from Lukeino, Kenya. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 332: 145–152.Google Scholar
  22. Ravey, M., 1978, Bipedalism: An early warning system for Miocene hominoids. Science, 199, 372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richmond, B., and Strait, D., 2000, Evidence that humans evolved from a knuckle-walking ancestor, Nature, 404: 382–385.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rose, M., 1991, The process of bipedalization in hominids. in: Origine(s) de la bipedie chez les hominides, Coppens, Y., and Senut, B., eds., CNRS, Paris, pp. 37–48.Google Scholar
  25. Senut, B., Pickford, M., Gommery, D., Mein, P., Cheboi, K., and Coppens Y., 2001, First hominid from the Miocene (Lukeino Fomation, Kenya). C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 332: 137–144.Google Scholar
  26. Stanford, C., 2003, UPRIGHT, The Evolutionary Key to Becoming Human, Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  27. Tuttle, R., 1969, Knuckle-walking and the problem of human origins. Science 166: 953–961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tuttle R., 1974, Darwin’s apes, dental apes, and the descent of man: Normal science in evolutionary anthropology. Curr Anthropol. 15: 389–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wescott, R., 1967, The exhibitionistic origin of human bipedalism. Man, 2: 630.Google Scholar
  30. White, T., Suwa G., and Asfaw B., 1994. Australopithecus ramidus, a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia. Nature, 371: 306–312.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hidemi Ishida
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Human NursingUniversity of Shiga PrefectureHikone, ShigaJapan

Personalised recommendations