Electroreception pp 5-46

Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 21) | Cite as

From Electrogenesis to Electroreception: An Overview

  • Günther K. H. Zupanc
  • Theodore H. Bullock

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alves-Gomes J, Hopkins CD (1997) Molecular insights into the phylogeny of mormyriform fishes and the evolution of their electric organs. Brain Behav Evol 49:324–350.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Baron VD, Pavlov DS (2003) Discovery of specialized electrogenerating activity in two species of Polypterus (Polypteriformes, Osteichthyes). J Ichthyol 43:S259–S261.Google Scholar
  3. Baron VD, Morshnev KS, Olshansky VM, Orlov AA (1994a) Electric organ discharges of two species of African catfish (Synodontis) during social behaviour. Anim Behav 48:1472–1475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baron VD, Orlov AA, Golubtsov AS (1994b) African Clarias catfish elicits long-lasting weak electric pulses. Experientia 50:644–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baron VD, Orlov AA, Golubtsov AS (1996) Detection of electric organ discharges in African catfish Auchenoglandis occidentalis (Siluriformes: Bagridae). Dokl Biol Sci 349:377–379.Google Scholar
  6. Bass AH (1986) Electric organs revisited: evolution of a vertebrate communication and orientation organ. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 13–70.Google Scholar
  7. Bass AH, Hopkins CD (1983) Hormonal control of sexual differentiation: changes in electric organ discharge waveform. Science 220:971–974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Bennett MVL (1971) Electric organs. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ (eds), Fish Physiology, Vol. 5: Sensory Systems and Electric Organs. New York: Academic Press, pp. 347–491.Google Scholar
  9. Bensouilah M, Schugardt C, Roesler R, Kirschbaum F, Denizot J-P (2002) Larval electroreceptors in the epidermis of mormyrid fish: I. Tuberous organs of type A and B. J Comp Neurol 447:309–322.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bodznick D, Boord RL (1986) Electroreception in chondrichthyes: central anatomy and physiology. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 225–256.Google Scholar
  11. Boudinot M (1970) The effect of decreasing and increasing temperature on the frequency of the electric organ discharge in Eigenmannia sp. Comp Biochem Physiol 37:601–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bullock TH (1969) Species differences in effect of electroreceptor input on electric organ pacemakers and other aspects of behavior in electric fish. Brain Behav Evol 2:85–118.Google Scholar
  13. Bullock TH (1982) Electroreception. Annu Rev Neurosci 5:121–170.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds) (1986) Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  15. Bullock TH, Hagiwara S, Kusano K, Negishi K (1961) Evidence for a category of electroreceptors in the lateral line of gymnotid fishes. Science 134:1426–1427.Google Scholar
  16. Bullock TH, Behrend K, Heiligenberg W (1975) Comparison of the jamming avoidance responses in gymnotoid and gymnarchid electric fish: a case of convergent evolution of behavior and its sensory basis. J Comp Physiol A 103:97–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Changeux J-P (1993) Chemical signaling in the brain. Sci Am November: 58–62.Google Scholar
  18. Coates CW, Altamirano M, Grundfest H (1954) Activity in electrogenic organs of knife-fishes. Science 120:845–846.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Denizot J-P, Kirschbaum F, Westby GWM, Tsuji S (1978) The larval electric organ of the weakly electric fish Pollimyrus (Marcusenius) isidori (Mormyridae, Teleostei). J Neurocytol 7:165–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Denizot J-P, Kirschbaum F, Westby GWM, Tsuji S (1982) On the development of the adult electric organ in the mormyrid fish Pollimyrus isidori (with special focus on the innervation). J Neurocytol 11:913–934.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Dunlap KD, Thomas P, Zakon HH (1998) Diversity of sexual dimorphism in electrocommunication signals and its androgen regulation in a genus of electric fish, Apteronotus. J Comp Physiol A 183:77–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dye J (1987) Dynamics and stimulus-dependence of pacemaker control during behavioral modulations in the weakly electric fish, Apteronotus. J Comp Physiol A 161: 175–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Dye JC, Meyer JH (1986) Central control of the electric organ discharge in weakly electric fish. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 71–102.Google Scholar
  24. Enger PS, Szabo T (1968) Effect of temperature on the discharge rates of the electric organ of some gymnotids. Comp Biochem Physiol 27:625–627.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Engler G, Zupanc GKH (2001) Differential production of chirping behavior evoked by electrical stimulation of the weakly electric fish, Apteronotus leptorhynchus. J Comp Physiol A 187:747–756.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Engler G, Fogarty CM, Banks JR, Zupanc GKH (2000) Spontaneous modulations of the electric organ discharge in the weakly electric fish, Apteronotus leptorhynchus: a biophysical and behavioral analysis. J Comp Physiol A 186:645–660.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Feldberg W, Fessard A (1942) The cholinergic nature of the nerves to the electric organ of the torpedo (Torpedo marmorata). J Physiol 101:200–216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Feldberg W, Fessard A, Nachmansohn D (1939/40) The cholinergic nature of the nervous supply to the electrical organ of the torpedo (Torpedo marmorata). J Physiol 97:3P–5P.Google Scholar
  29. Feng AS (1976) The effect of temperature on a social behavior of weakly electric fish Eigenmannia virescens. Comp Biochem Physiol A 55:99–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ferrari MB, Zakon HH (1989) The medullary pacemaker nucleus is unnecessary for electroreceptor tuning plasticity in Sternopygus. J Neurosci 9:1354–1361.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Fessard A, Szabo T (1961) Mise en évidence d’un récepteur sensible á l’électricité dans la peau des Mormyres. CR Acad Sci (Paris) 253:1859–1860.Google Scholar
  32. Fritzsch B, Münz H (1986) Electroreception in amphibians. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 483–496.Google Scholar
  33. Hagedorn M, Carr C (1985) Single electrocytes produce a sexually dimorphic signal in South American electric fish, Hypopomus occidentalis (Gymnotiformes, Hypopomidae). J Comp Physiol A 156:511–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hagedorn M, Heiligenberg W (1985) Court and spark: electric signals in the courtship and mating of gymnotoid fish. Anim Behav 33:254–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hagedorn M, Womble M, Finger TE (1990) Synodontid catfish: a new group of weakly electric fish. Behavior and anatomy. Brain Behav Evol 35:268–277.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Heiligenberg W (1973) Electrolocation of objects in the electric fish Eigenmannia (Rhamphichthyidae, Gymnotoidei). J Comp Physiol 87:137–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Heiligenberg W (1991) Neural Nets in Electric Fish. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  38. Heiligenberg W, Keller CH, Metzner W, Kawasaki M (1991) Structure and function of neurons in the complex of the nucleus electrosensorius of the gymnotiform fish Eigenmannia: detection and processing of electric signals in social communication. J Comp Physiol A 169:151–164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hopkins CD (1972) Sex differences in electric signaling in an electric fish. Science 176: 1035–1037.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Hopkins CD (1976) Stimulus filtering and electroreception: tuberous electroreceptors in three species of gymnotoid fish. J Comp Physiol A 111:171–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hopkins CD (1980) Evolution of electric communication channels of mormyrids. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 7:1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hopkins CD (1981) On the diversity of electric signals in a community of mormyrid electric fish in West Africa. Am Zool 21:211–222.Google Scholar
  43. Hopkins CD (1986) Behavior of Mormyridae. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 527–576.Google Scholar
  44. Hopkins CD, Bass AH (1981) Temporal coding of species recognition signals in an electric fish. Science 212:85–87.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Hopkins CD, Heiligenberg WF (1978) Evolutionary designs for electric signals and electoreceptors in gymnotoid fishes of Surinam. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 3:113–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Jørgensen JM (1982) Fine structure of the ampullary organs of the bichir Polypterus senegalus Cuvier, 1829 (Pisces: Brachiopterygii) with some notes on the phylogenetic development of electroreceptors. Acta Zool (Stockholm) 63:211–217.Google Scholar
  47. Kalmijn AJ (1974) The detection of electric fields from inanimate and animate sources other than electric organs. In: Fessard A (ed), Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Vol. III/3: Electroreceptors and Other Specialized Receptors in Lower Vertebrates. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 147–200.Google Scholar
  48. Kalmijn AJ (1982) Electric and magnetic field detection in elsmobranch fishes. Science 218:916–918.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Keller CH, Zakon HH, Sanchez DY (1986) Evidence for a direct effect of androgens upon electroreceptor tuning. J Comp Physiol A 158:301–310.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Kirschbaum F (1975) Environmental factors control the periodical reproduction of tropical electric fish. Experientia 31:1159–1160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Kirschbaum F (1979) Reproduction of the weakly electric fish Eigenmannia virescens (Rhamphichtyidae, Teleostei) in captivity: I. Control of gonadal recrudescence and regression by environmental factors. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 4:331–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Kleerekoper H, Sibakin K (1956) An investigation of the electrical “spike” potentials produced by the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in the water surrounding the head region. I. J Fish Res Board Can 13:375–383.Google Scholar
  53. Kleerekoper H, Sibakin K (1957) An investigation of the electrical “spike” potentials produced by the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) in the water surrounding the head region. II. J Fish Res Board Can 14:145–151.Google Scholar
  54. Knudsen EI (1975) Spatial aspects of the electric fields generated by weakly electric fish. J Comp Physiol 99:103–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Kramer B (1979) Electric and motor responses of the weakly electric fish, Gnathonemus petersii (Mormyridae), to play-back of social signals. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 6:67–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kramer B (1999) Waveform discrimination, phase sensitivity and jamming avoidance in a wave-type electric fish. J Exp Biol 202:1387–1398.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Kramer B, Kaunzinger I (1991) Electrosensory frequency and intensity discrimination in the wave-type electric fish Eigenmannia. J Exp Biol 161:43–59.Google Scholar
  58. Kramer B, Otto B (1991) Waveform discrimination in the electric fish Eigenmannia: sensitivity for the phase differences between the spectral components of a stimulus wave. J. Exp. Biol. 159:1–22.Google Scholar
  59. Kramer B, Zupanc GKH (1986) Conditioned discrimination of electric waves differing only in form and harmonic content in the electric fish, Eigenmannia. Naturwissenschaften 73:679–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kramer B, Kirschbaum F, Markl H (1981) Species specificity of electric organ discharges in a sympatric group of gymnotoid fish from Manaus (Amazonas). In: Szabó T, Czéh G (eds), Advances in Physiological Science, Vol. 31. Sensory Physiology of Aquatic Lower Vertebrates. Budapest: Pergamon Press/Akadémiai Kiadó, pp. 195–219.Google Scholar
  61. Larimer JL, MacDonald JA (1968) Sensory feedback from electroreceptors to electromotor pacemaker centers in gymnotids. Am J Physiol 214:1253–1261.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Lissmann HW (1951) Continuous electrical signals from the tail of a fish, Gymnarchus niloticus Cuv. Nature 167:201–202.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Lissmann HW (1958) On the function and evolution of electric organs in fish. J Exp Biol 35:156–191.Google Scholar
  64. Lissmann HW, Machin KE (1958) The mechanism of object location in Gymnarchus niloticus and similar fish. J Exp Biol 35:451–486.Google Scholar
  65. Lücker H, Kramer B (1981) Development of a sex difference in the preferred latency response in the weakly electric fish, Pollimyrus isidori (Cuvier et Valenciennes) (Mormyridae, Teleostei). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 9:103–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Maler L, Ellis WG (1987) Inter-male aggressive signals in weakly electric fish are modulated by monoamines. Behav Brain Res 25:75–81.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Maler L, Sas E, Johnston S, Ellis W (1991) An atlas of the brain of the electric fish Apteronotus leptorhynchus. J Chem Neuroanat 4:1–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Metzner W (1999) Neural circuitry for communication and jamming avoidance in gymnotiform electric fish. J Exp Biol 202:1365–1375.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Metzner W, Heiligenberg W (1991) The coding of signals in the electric communication of the gymnotiform fish Eigenmannia: from electroreceptors to neurons in the torus semicircularis of the midbrain. J Comp Physiol A 169:135–150.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Meyer DL, Heiligenberg W, Bullock TH (1976) The ventral substrate response: a new postural control mechanism in fishes. J Comp Physiol. A 109:59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Meyer JH (1983) Steroid influences upon the discharge frequencies of a weakly electric fish. J Comp Physiol A 153:29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Meyer JH, Zakon HH (1982) Androgens alter the tuning of electroreceptors. Science 217:635–637.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Moller P (1995) Electric Fishes: History and Behavior. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  74. Murray RW (1960) Electrical sensitivity of the ampullae of Lorenzini. Nature 187:957.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Northcutt RG (1986) Electroreception in nonteleost bony fishes. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 257–285.Google Scholar
  76. Piccolino M, Bresadola M (2002) Drawing a spark from darkness: John Walsh and electric fish. Trends Neurosci 25:51–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Roth A (1973) Electroreceptors in Brachiopterygii and Dipnoi. Naturwissenschaften 60: 106.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Scheich H, Langner G, Tidemann C, Coles RB, Guppy A (1986) Electroreception and electrolocation in platypus. Nature 319:401–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Sullivan JP, Lavoué S, Hopkins CD (2000) Molecular systematics of the African electric fishes (Mormyroidea: Teleostei) and a model for the evolution of their electric organs. J Exp Biol 203:665–683.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Sullivan JP, Lavoué S, Hopkins CD (2002) Discovery and phylogenetic analysis of a riverine species flock of African electric fishes (Mormyridae: Teleostei). Evolution 56:597–616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Szabo T (1970) Elektrische Organe und Elektrorezeption bei Fischen. In: Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vorträge, N 205. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, pp. 7–40Google Scholar
  82. von der Emde G (1990) Discrimination of objects through electrolocation in the weakly electric fish, Gnathonemus petersii. J Comp Physiol A 167:413–421.Google Scholar
  83. von der Emde G (1999) Active electrolocation of objects in weakly electric fish. J Exp Biol 202:1205–1215.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. von der Emde G, Ringer T (1992) Electrolocation of capacitive objects in four species of pulse-type weakly electric fish: I. Discrimination performance. Ethology 91:326–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. von der Emde G, Schwarz S, Gomez L, Budelli R, Grant K (1998) Electric fish measure distance in the dark. Nature 395:890–894.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Watanabe A, Takeda K (1963) The change of discharge frequency by a.c. stimulus in a weak electric fish. J Exp Biol 40:57–66.Google Scholar
  87. Waxman SG, Anderson MJ (1986) Regeneration of central nervous system structures: Apteronotus spinal cord as a model system. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 183–208.Google Scholar
  88. Whittaker VP (1992) The Cholinergic Neuron and Its Target: The Electromotor Innervation of the Electric Ray Torpedo as a Model. Boston: Birkhüser.Google Scholar
  89. Zakon HH (1986) The electroreceptive periphery. In: Bullock TH, Heiligenberg W (eds), Electroreception. New York: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 103–156.Google Scholar
  90. Zakon HH, Meyer JH (1983) Plasticity of electroreceptor tuning in the weakly electric fish, Sternopygus dariensis. J Comp Physiol A 153:477–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Zakon HH, Unguez GA (1999) Development and regeneration of the electric organ. J Exp Biol 202:1427–1434.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Zupanc GKH (1999) Neurogenesis, cell death and regeneration in the adult gymnotiform brain. J Exp Biol 202:1435–1446.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Zupanc GKH (2001) Adult neurogenesis and neuronal regeneration in the central nervous system of teleost fish. Brain Behav Evol 58:250–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Zupanc GKH (2002) From oscillators to modulators: behavioral and neural control of modulations of the electric organ discharge in the gymnotiform fish, Apteronotus leptorhynchus. J Physiol (Paris) 96:459–472.Google Scholar
  95. Zupanc GKH, Clint SC (2003) Potential role of radial glia in adult neurogenesis of teleost fish. Glia 43:77–86.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Zupanc GKH, Horschke I (1995) Proliferation zones in the brain of adult gymnotiform fish: a quantitative mapping study. J Comp Neurol 353:213–233.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Zupanc GKH, Maler L (1993) Evoked chirping in the weakly electric fish Apteronotus leptorhynchus: a quantitative biophysical analysis. Can J Zool 71:2301–2310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Zupanc GKH, Maler L (1997) Neuronal control of behavioral plasticity: the prepacemaker nucleus of weakly electric gymnotiform fish. J Comp Physiol A 180:99–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Zupanc GKH, Banks JR, Engler G, Beason RC (2003) Temperature dependence of the electric organ discharge in weakly electric fish. In: Ploger BJ, Yasukawa K (eds), Exploring Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field: An Hypothesis-Testing Approach to the Development, Causation, Function, and Evolution of Animal Behavior. Amsterdam: Academic Press, pp. 85–94.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther K. H. Zupanc
    • 1
  • Theodore H. Bullock
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Engineering and ScienceInternational University BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Neurosciences, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations