Atoms in Motion

  • Rolf E. Hummel


Creep Rate Lattice Defect Edge Dislocation Volume Diffusion Lattice Atom 
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Suggestions for Further Study

  1. R.T. DeHoff, Thermodynamics in Materials Science, McGraw-Hill, New York (1993).Google Scholar
  2. R. Haase, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes, Dover, New York (1990).Google Scholar
  3. R.E. Hummel, “Electromigration and Related Failure Mechanisms in Integrated Circuit Interconnects,” International Materials Reviews, 39 (1994), p. 97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. H. Mehrer, Diffusion in Metals and Binary Alloys, in: Diffusion in Condensed Matter, P. Heitjans and J. Kärger Eds., Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, New York (2003).Google Scholar
  5. P. Shewmon, Diffusion in Solids, McGraw-Hill, New York (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, LLC 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf E. Hummel
    • 1
  1. 1.College of EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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