MEMS/NEMS pp 173-195 | Cite as

Theory and Design of Micromechanical Vibratory Gyroscopes

  • Vladislav Apostolyuk


Fabrication technologies for microcomponents, microsensors, micromachines and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) are being rapidly developed, and represent a major research effort worldwide. There are many techniques currently being utilised in production of different types of MEMS, including inertial microsensors, which have made it possible to fabricate MEMS in high volumes at low individual cost. Micromechanical vibratory gyroscopes or angular rate sensors have a large potential for different types of applications as primary information sensors for guidance, control and navigation systems. They represent an important inertial technology because other gyroscopes such as solid-state gyroscopes, laser ring gyroscopes and fibre optic gyroscopes, do not allow for significant miniaturisation. MEMS sensors are commonly accepted as low performance and low cost sensors. Nevertheless, recent applications have resulted in the need for sensors with improved performances. High performances could be achieved by means of improved sensitive element and circuit design.


Motion Equation Sensitive Element Angular Rate Proof Mass Comb Drive 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Friedland, B. and Hutton, M.F., Theory and Error Analysis of Vibrating-Member Gyroscope, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 1978;23:545–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lynch, D., Vibratory Gyro Analysis by the Method of Averaging, Proc. 2nd St. Petersburg Conf. on Gyroscopic Technology and Navigation (St. Petersburg), 1995, pp. 26–34.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Apostolyuk, V. and Zbrutsky, A., Research of Dynamics of a Gimballed Micromechanical Gyroscope, Scientific news of the National Technical, University of Ukraine (Kiev), 1998, no. 3, pp. 115–121.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Apostolyuk, V. and Zbrutsky, A., Dynamics of a Sensitive Element of the Micromechanical Gyroscopes with an Additional Frame, Gyroscopes and Navigation (St. Petersburg), 1998, Vol. 3(22), pp. 13–23.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Apostolyuk, V. and Zbrutsky, A., Dynamics of a Sensitive Element of Micromechanical Gyroscope, Scientific news of the National Technical University of Ukraine (Kiev), 1999, no. 1, pp. 114–120.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Apostolyuk, V., Logeeswaran, V.J., and Tay, F., Efficient Design of Micromechanical Gyroscopes, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2002, no. 12, pp. 948–954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladislav Apostolyuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Materials Research and EngineeringSingapore

Personalised recommendations