The Pholcid Spiders of Africa (Araneae: Pholcidae): State of Knowledge and Directions for Future Research
Pholcids are among the dominant web-building spiders in many tropical and subtropical areas of the World. They occupy a wide variety of habitats ranging from leaf-litter to tree canopies, and several species occur in caves and in close proximity to humans. This chapter summarizes the present state of knowledge about pholcids in Africa. A total of 17 genera and 162 nominal species are currently described from Africa. High levels of diversity and endemism are recorded for Madagascar, Eastern Africa, and Southern Africa. A brief overview is given on those genera that have not been worked on for several decades and that are most in need of revision.
Key wordsPholcidae Araneae Africa biogeography diversity Smeringopus Pholcus Smeringopina Crossopriza Leptopholcus
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