Global Issues and Health Interactions

Reflexions from the South
  • A. P. R. Aluwihare


This chapter draws attention to a range of global issues that interact, and aims to provoke thought and research on their impact on health. Initially, it deals with communication, economic issues and physician migration. Then it summarizes a wide field of mechanisms by which global forces affect health, indirectly or directly. Within this classification there has to be some overlap—for example the HIV virus causing AIDS would appear to be a direct health effect, but a shift in lifestyles that has seen an increase in the number of individuals’ sexual partners—a shift that perhaps reflects a breakdown of family and religious value systems—may be the more fundamental, but indirect, cause. The view is primarily from the standpoint of developing countries, the “South,” and does not eschew controversy.


Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Global Issue Donor Country Stable Family Smallpox Vaccine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aluwihare, A.P.R. (2003). New and emerging health threats. EOLSS Publications, Paris; UNESCO web site www.eolss.netGoogle Scholar
  2. Coupland, R.M. (1999). The effect of weapons and the Solferino cycle. British Medical Journal, 319, 804–805.Google Scholar
  3. Farmer, P. (1999). Infections and inequalities: The modern plagues (p. 375). Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Garrett, L. (1994). The coming plague: Newly emerging diseases in a world out of balance (p. 750). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  5. Lederberg, J., Shope, R.E., & Oaks, S.C., (Eds.) (1992). Emerging infections: Microbial threats to health in the United States (p. 294). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  6. Montonen, M. (1996). Alcohol and the media. WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 62. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.Google Scholar
  7. Priya, R., & Baru, R.V. (1998). Structural adjustments and health. World Health Forum, 19, 2.Google Scholar
  8. Editorial. Take a deep breath; stark economics mean hard choices about cigarettes (1999, March 6). New Scientist 3.Google Scholar
  9. UNICEF (1997–1999). Innocenti occasional papers. Florence: UNICEF International Child Development Center.Google Scholar
  10. Editorial. Violence: Developing a policy agenda (1999). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 53, 2–3.Google Scholar
  11. WHO (1998). Manual on the prevention and control of common cancers, WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series, No. 20. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  12. WHO (1999). Mobilizing NGOs and the media behind the International Framework Convention on tobacco control: Experiences from the code on marketing of breast-milk substitutes and conventions on landmines and the environment. Prepared by INFACT (WHO Technical Briefing Series, WHO/NCD/TFI/99.3, Tobacco Control 3). Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  13. WHO. Center for Health Development (Kobe, Japan) (1996). Urbanization: A global health challenge. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar
  14. WHO. Global Advisory Committee on Health Research (1998). A research policy agenda for science and technology to support global health development. Geneva: WHO.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. R. Aluwihare
    • 1
  1. 1.National Academy of Sciences of Sri LankaSri Lanka

Personalised recommendations