Incorporating Behavioural, Social, and Organizational Phenomena in the Assessment of Climate Change Mitigation Options

  • John A. “Skip” Laitner
  • Stephen J. De Canio
  • Irene Peters
Part of the Advances in Global Change Research book series (AGLO, volume 8)


General Equilibrium Climate Policy Energy Service Computable General Equilibrium Model Neoclassical Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

5. References

  1. Ackerman, Frank, 1997: Consumed in Theory: Alternative Perspectives on the Economics of Consumption, Journal of Economic Issues, Vol.31,No. 3 (September): pp. 651–664.Google Scholar
  2. Ackerman, Frank, David Kiron, Neva R. Goodwin, Jonathan M. Harris, and Kevin Gallagher (eds.) 1997: Human Well-Being and Economic Goals, Washington, D.C.: Island Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ackerman, Frank, 1999: Still Dead After All These Years: Interpreting the Failure of General Equilibrium Theory, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, Medford MA, manuscript.Google Scholar
  4. Adelman, Irma and Sherman Robinson, 1978: Income Distribution Policy in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Korea. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Adelman, Irma and Sherman Robinson, 1988: Macroeconomic adjustment and income distribution: Alternative models in two economies, Journal of Development Economics, Vol.29: pp. 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alchian, Armen, 1959: Costs and Output, in Moses Abramovitz et al., The Allocation of Economic Resources: Essays in Honor of B.F. Haley. Stanford: Stanford University Press: pp. 23–40.Google Scholar
  7. Amano, Akihiro, 1997: On Some Integrated Assessment Modelling Debates, paper presented at the IPCC Asia-Pacific Workshop on Integrated Assessment Models, United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan, March 10–12, 1997.Google Scholar
  8. Anderson, Elizabeth, 1993: Value in Ethics and Economics. Harvard University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  9. Anderson, Philip W., Kenneth J. Arrow, and David Pines (eds.), 1988: The Economy as an Evolving Complex System. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  10. Arrow, Kenneth J., 1951: Social Choice and Individual Values. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  11. Arrow, Kenneth J. and L. Hurwicz, 1958: On the Stability of Competitive Equilibrium I, Econometrica, Vol. 26: pp. 522–552.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  12. Arrow, Kenneth J., H. D. Block, and L. Hurwicz, 1959: On the Stability of Competitive Equilibrium II, Econometrica, Vol. 27: pp. 82–109.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. Arrow, Kenneth, 1962: The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing,” The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 29 (June): pp. 155–173.Google Scholar
  14. Arrow, Kenneth, 1986: Rationality of Self and Others in an Economic System,” Journal of Business, Vol.59,No.4, pt.2: pp. S385–S399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Arrow, K. J., W. R. Cline, K-G. Maler, M. Munasinghe, R. Squitieri, and J. E. Stiglitz, 1996: Intertemporal Equity, Discounting, and Economic Efficiency, Chapter 4 of Climate Change 1995: Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change, Contribution of Working Group III to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, eds. Bruce, James P., Hoesung Lee, and Erik F. Haites. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Arthur, W. Brian, Stephen N. Durlauf, and W.A. Lane (eds.), 1997: The Economy as an Evolving Complex System II. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  17. Arthur, W.B., 1994: Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  18. Asher, H., 1956: Cost-Quantity Relationships in the Airframe Industry, R-291. Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation.Google Scholar
  19. Barr, Nicholas, 1992: Economic Theory and the Welfare State: A Survey and Interpretation, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol.30 (June): pp. 741–803.Google Scholar
  20. Benedick, Richard Eliot, 1991: Ozone Diplomacy: New Directions in Safeguarding the Planet. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Bernow, Stephen, Irene Peters, Alexandr Rudkevich, Michael Ruth, 1998: A Pragmatic CGE Modelfor Assessing the Influence of Model Structure and Assumptions in Climate Change Policy Analysis, Boston, MA: Tellus Institute, November.Google Scholar
  22. Bernow, Stephen, Karlynn Cory, William Dougherty, Max Duckworth, Sivan Kartha, Michael Ruth, 1999: America’s Global Warming Solutions, Washington, DC: World Wildlife Fund.Google Scholar
  23. Blinder, Alan. S., Elie R.D. Canetti, David E. Lebow, and Jeremy B. Rudd, 1998: Asking about Prices. A New Approach to Understanding Price Stickiness. New York: The Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  24. Bohm, Peter, 1967: On the theory of’ second best’, The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 34: pp. 301–314.Google Scholar
  25. Bovenberg, A. Lans, and Lawrence H. Goulder, 1996: Optimal environmental taxation in the presence of other taxes: general-equilibrium analyses, American Economic Review, Vol. 86,No. 4 (September): pp. 985–995.Google Scholar
  26. Bovenberg, A. Lans and Lawrence H. Goulder, 1997: Costs of environmentally motivated taxes in the presence of other taxes: general equilibrium analyses, National Tax Journal, Vol. 50,No. 1 (March): pp. 59–87.Google Scholar
  27. Bradsher, Keith, 1997: Government Studies New Risk on the Road, The New York Times, June 11: A14.Google Scholar
  28. Bradsher, Keith, 2000: Ford Is Conceding S.U.V. Drawbacks, The New York Times, May 12: A1,C2.Google Scholar
  29. Brinner, Roger E., Michael G. Shelby, Joyce M. Yanchar, and Alex Cristofaro, 1991: Optimizing Tax Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gases Without Curtailing Growth, The Energy Journal, Vol. 12,No. 4: pp. 1–14.Google Scholar
  30. Butler, D. J., 2000: Do non-expected utility choice patterns spring from hazy preferences? An experimental study of choice ‘errors’, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 277–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Cameron, Dr. Samuel, 2000: Nicotine addiction and cigarette consumption: a psycho-economic model,” Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 211–219.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  32. Coase, R. H., 1960: The Problem of Social Cost, Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 3: pp. 1–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Cowan, Robin, 1990: Nuclear Power Reactors: A Study in Technological Lock-in, The Journal of Economic History, Vol. L,No. 3: pp. 541–567.Google Scholar
  34. Center for Deliberative Polling, 1998: Houston residents show dramatic shift in opinion about future energy sources during ‘Deliberative Polling’ event, a news release dated February 10, Department of Government at the University of Texas at Austin. URL:
  35. Charnes, A., W. Cooper, E. Rhodes, 1978: Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units, European Journal of Operations Research Vol. 2: pp. 429–444.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  36. Climate Protection Division, 1999: Driving Investment in Energy Efficiency: Energy Star® and Other Voluntary Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-430-R-99-005, July.Google Scholar
  37. Cline, William R., 1992: The Economics of Global Warming. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.Google Scholar
  38. Colander, David, 1992: The Microeconomic Myth, in: Colander, David, and Reuven Brenner, eds., 1992. Educating Economists, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
  39. Colander, David, 1996a: (ed.). Beyond Microfoundations. Post Walrasian Macroeconomics. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Colander, David, 1996b: The macrofoundations of micro, in: Beyond Microfoundations. Post Walrasian Macroeconomics. Ed. by David Colander. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp.57–68.Google Scholar
  41. Colander, David, 2000: New Millenium Economics: How Did It Get This Way, and What Way is It? Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14,No. 1 (Winter): pp. 121–132.Google Scholar
  42. Conlisk, John, 1996: Why Bounded Rationality? Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 34,No. 2 (June): pp. 669–700.Google Scholar
  43. Cooper, W. et al., 1999: Data Envelopment Analysis: A Comprehensive Text with Models, Applications, References, and DEA-Solver Software. Dordrecht: Kluwer.Google Scholar
  44. Costanza, Robert, Ralph d’Arge, Rudolf de Groot, Stephen Farber, Monica Grasso, Bruce Hannon, Karin Limburg, Shahid Naeem, Robert V. O’Neill, Jose Paruelo, Robert G. Raskin, Paul Sutton, and Marjan van den Belt, 1997: The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital, Nature, Vol. 387,No. 6630 (15 May): pp. 253–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Cox, David, and Richard Harris, 1985: Trade liberalization and industrial organization: Some estimates for Canada, Journal of Political Economy, Vol.93 (February): pp. 115–45.Google Scholar
  46. Croson, Rachel. T. A., 2000: Thinking like a game theorist: factors affecting the frequency of equilibrium play, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 299–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Daly, Herman E. and John B. Cobb, Jr., 1989: For the Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment, and a Sustainable Future. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  48. Debreu, Gérard, 1970: Economies with a Finite Set of Equilibria, Econometrica Vol. 38: pp. 387–92.MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  49. Debreu, Gérard, 1974: Excess demand functions,” Journal of Mathematical Economics, Vol.1: pp. 15–23.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  50. DeCanio, Stephen J., 1993: Barriers within firms to energy-efficient investments, Energy Policy, Vol. 21,No. 9 (September): pp. 906–914.Google Scholar
  51. DeCanio, Stephen J., 1994: Energy Efficiency and Managerial Performance: Improving Profitability While Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, in David L. Feldman, ed., Global Climate Change and Public Policy. Chicago: Nelson-Hall Publishers.Google Scholar
  52. DeCanio, Stephen J., 1999: Estimating the Non-Environmental Consequences of Greenhouse Gas Reductions Is Harder Than You Think, Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 17,No. 3 (July): pp. 279–295.Google Scholar
  53. DeCanio, Stephen J. and John A. “Skip” Laitner, 1997: Modelling Technological Change in Energy Demand Forecasting: A Generalized Approach,” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 55 (October): pp. 249–263.Google Scholar
  54. DeCanio, Stephen J., Catherine Dibble, and Keyvan Amir-Atefi, 2000a: The Importance of Organizational Structure for the Adoption of Innovations, Management Science (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  55. DeCanio, Stephen J., Catherine Dibble, and Keyvan Amir-Atefi, 2000b: Organizational Structure and the Behaviour of Firms: Implications for Integrated Assessment, Climatic Change (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  56. DeCanio, Stephen J., William E. Watkins, Glenn Mitchell, Keyvan Amir-Atefi, and Catherine Dibble, 2000c: Complexity in Organizations: Consequences for Climate Policy Analysis, in Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources, eds. Richard B. Howarth and Darwin C. Hall. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc. (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  57. De Lang, J. Bradford, Andrei Shleifer, Lawrence Summers, and Robert Waldmann, 1990: Noise Trader Risk in Financial Markets, Journal of Political Economy, Vol.98: pp. 703–38.Google Scholar
  58. Delli Gatti, Domenico, Mauro Gallegati, and Alan P. Kirman, 2000: The economics of heterogeneity, in; Delli Gatti, Gallegati, Kirman (eds.), 2000: Interaction and Market Structure. Springer.Google Scholar
  59. Delli Gatti, Domenico, Mauro Gallegati, and Alan P. Kirman (eds.), 2000: Interaction and Market Structure, Essays on Heterogeneity in Economics. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  60. Dennis, Michael L., E. Jonathan Soderstrom, Walter S. Koncinski, Jr., and Betty Cavanaugh, 1990: Effective Dissemination of Energy-Related Information, American Psychologist, Vol. 45,No. 10 (October): pp. 1109–1117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Deutsch, David, 1997: The Fabric of Reality. Allen Lane The Penguin Press, Penguin Books Ltd.Google Scholar
  62. Duncan, Martin J. and Jack J. Lissauer, 2000: Solar System Dynamics, in Encyclopedia of the Solar System,
  63. Elliott, R. Neal, Miriam Pye, and John A. “Skip” Laitner, 1997: Considerations in the Estimation of Costs and Benefits of Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects. Proceedings of the 32 nd Annual Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Congress, Paper #97-551, Honolulu, HI, July.Google Scholar
  64. Energy Information Administration, 2000: Assumptions to Annual Energy Outlook 2000. With Projections to 2020. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/EIA-0554 (2000), January.Google Scholar
  65. Energy Innovations, 1997: Energy Innovations: A Prosperous Path to a Clean Environment. Washington, DC: Alliance to Save Energy, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Natural Resources Defense Council, Tellus Institute, and Union of Concerned Scientists.Google Scholar
  66. England, Richard W., 1997: Alternatives to Gross National Product: A Critical Survey, in: Human Well-Being and Economic Goals. Ed. by Frank Ackerman, David Kiron, Neva R. Goodwin, Jonathan M. Harris, and Kevin Gallagher. Washington, D.C.: Island Press: pp. 373–402.Google Scholar
  67. Etzioni, Amitai and Paul R. Lawrence (eds.), 1991: Socio-Economics: Toward a New Synthesis, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  68. Evans, Leonard, 1985: Car Size and Safety: Results From Analyzing U.S. Accident Data, in Proceedings of the Tenth International Technical Conference on Experimental Safety Vehicles, Oxford, England, July 1–4.Google Scholar
  69. Fan, Chinn-Ping, 2000: Teaching children cooperation—An application of experimental game theory, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 191–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Fisher, Franklin M., 1968a: Embodied technology and the existence of labor and output aggregates, Review of Economic Studies, Vol.35,No.4. Reprinted in Fisher (1993), pp.69–102.Google Scholar
  71. Fisher, Franklin M., 1968b: Embodied technology and the aggregation of fixed and movable capital goods, Review of Economic Studies, Vol.35,No.4. Reprinted in Fisher (1993), pp. 103–120.Google Scholar
  72. Fisher, Franklin M., 1969: The existence of aggregate production functions, Econometrica, Vol. 37,No. 4. Reprinted in Fisher (1993), pp. 1–30.Google Scholar
  73. Fisher, Franklin M., 1982: Aggregate production functions revisited: The mobility of capital and the rigidity of thought, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 49,No. 4. Reprinted in Fisher (1993).Google Scholar
  74. Fisher, Franklin M., 1983: Disequilibrium foundations of equilibrium economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  75. Fisher, Franklin M., 1989: Adjustment Processes and Stability, in: The New Palgrave: General Equilibrium. Ed. by John Eatwell, Murray Milgate and Peter Newman. First American edition. New York and London: W.W. Norton, pp. 36–42.Google Scholar
  76. Fisher, Franklin M., 1993: Aggregation: Aggregate Production Functions and Related Topics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  77. Fishkin, James S., 1995: The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy. Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  78. Florida, Richard, 1996: Lean and Green: The move to environmentally conscious manufacturing, California Management Review, (39(1): pp. 80–105.Google Scholar
  79. Friedman, Milton, 1953: Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  80. Gabaix, Xavier and David Laibson, 2000: A Boundedly Rational Decision Algorithm, American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the One Hundred Twelfth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 90,No. 2 (May): pp. 433–438.Google Scholar
  81. Gallegati, Mauro and Alan P. Kirman (eds.), 1999: Beyond the Representative Agent. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
  82. Geller, Howard, Stephen Bernow, and William Dougherty, 1999: Meeting America’s Kyoto Protocol Target: Policies and Impacts, Washington, DC: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, November.Google Scholar
  83. Ginsburgh, V, and M. Keyzer, 1997: The Structure of Applied General Equilibrium Models. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  84. Global Business Network, 1993: Customer 20/20: Breaking the Future Trap — Volume 1 Assuring Future Customer Options through Scenario Planning, Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute, TR-101694, V.1, January.Google Scholar
  85. Goodwin, Neva, Frank Ackerman, and David Kiron (eds.), 1997: The Consumer Society. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.Google Scholar
  86. Goulder, Lawrence H., 1995: Effects of Carbon Taxes in an Economy with Prior Tax Distortions: An Intertemporal General Equilibrium Analysis, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (October).Google Scholar
  87. Goulder, Lawrence H. and Stephen H. Schneider, 1999: Induced Technological Change and the Attractiveness of CO2 Abatement Policies, Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 21,Nos. 3–4 (August): pp. 211–253.Google Scholar
  88. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1998: Expectations Formation and Stability of Large Socioeconomic Systems, Econometrica, Vol. 66,No. 4 (July): pp. 741–781.MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  89. Haddad, Brent M., Richard B. Howarth, and Bruce Paton, 1998: Energy Efficiency and the Theory of the Firm, Proceedings of the 1998 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC, August.Google Scholar
  90. Haddad, Brent M., Richard B. Howarth, and Joan Brunkard, 1999: Why Firms Participate in Energy Star: Mechanisms and Initial Data, unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  91. Hahn, Frank, 1982: Stability, in: Handbook of Mathematical Economics. Ed. by Kenneth J. Arrow and Michael D. Intriligator. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Vol. II, pp. 745–793.Google Scholar
  92. Halal, William E., Michael D. Kull, and Ann Leffmann, 1998: The George Washington University forecast of emerging technologies,” Technological Forecasting & Social Change, Vol. 59,No. 1 (September), p89(22).Google Scholar
  93. Hanson, Donald A. and John A. “Skip” Laitner, 1999: Investment in Energy-Efficient Technology in an Economic Growth Context, a presentation to the Eastern Economics Association Meetings, Boston, MA, March 12–14.Google Scholar
  94. Hanson, Donald A. and John A. “Skip” Laitner, 2000: An Economic Growth Model with Investment, Energy Savings, and CO2 Reductions, presented to Salt Lake City meetings of the Air & Waste Management Association, June 18–22.Google Scholar
  95. Hanson, Donald, 1999: A Framework for Economic Impact Analysis and Industry Growth Assessment: Description of the AMIGA System, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, April.Google Scholar
  96. Harris, Richard G., 1984: Applied general equilibrium analysis of small open economies with scale economies and imperfect competition, American Economic Review, Vol.74 (December): pp. 1016–31.Google Scholar
  97. Helpman, Elhanan and Paul R. Krugman, 1985: Market Structure and Foreign Trade. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  98. Herings, P. Jean-Jaques, 1996: Static and Dynamic Aspects of General Disequilibrium Theory. Boston, London, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  99. Herings, P. Jean-Jacques, 1997: A globally and universally stable price adjustment process, Journal of Mathematical Economics, Vol.27: pp. 163–193.CrossRefMathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  100. Hildenbrand, Werner, 1994: Market Demand: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  101. Hoerner, J. Andrew and Avery P. Gilbert, 1999: Assessing Tax Incentives for Clean Energy Technologies: A Survey of Experts Approach, Working Paper 3, Washington, DC: Center for a Sustainable Economy, November.Google Scholar
  102. Horowitz, John. K. and K. E. McConnell, 2000: Values elicited from open-ended real experiments, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 221–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Howarth, Richard B., 1997: Energy Efficiency and Economic Growth, Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 14,No. 4 (October): pp. 1–9.Google Scholar
  104. Howarth, Richard B., 1998: An Overlapping Generations Model of Climate-Economy Interactions, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 100,No. 3: pp. 575–591.CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  105. Howarth, Richard B., 2000: Climate Change and Relative Consumption,” in Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources, eds. Richard B. Howarth and Darwin C. Hall. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Inc. (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  106. Howarth, Richard B., Brent M. Haddad, and Bruce Paton, 1999: The Economics of Energy Efficiency: Insights from Voluntary Participation Programs, Energy Policy (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  107. Humphrey, Steven J., 2000: The common consequence effect: testing a unified explanation of recent mixed evidence, Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 239–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Ingrao, Bruna and Giorgio Israel, 1990: The Invisible Hand. Economic Equilibrium in the History of Science. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. (Published in Italian as La Mano Invisibile. Roma, Bari: Gius. Laterza & Figli Spa, 1987).Google Scholar
  109. Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies, 2000: (forthcoming). Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future, prepared for Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy.Google Scholar
  110. Interlaboratory Working Group, 1997: Scenarios of U.S. Carbon Reductions: Potential Impacts of Energy-Efficient and Low-Carbon Technologies by 2010 and Beyond. Berkeley, CA: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Oak Ridge, TN: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. LBNL-40533 and ORNL-444 (September). URL address: Scholar
  111. Jacoby, Henry D., Richard S. Eckaus, A. Denny Ellerman, Ronald G. Prinn, David M. Reiner, and Zili Yang, 1997: CO2 Emission Limits: Economic Adjustments and the Distribution of Burdens, The Energy Journal, Vol. 18 No. 3: pp. 31–58.Google Scholar
  112. Janssen, Maarten C.W., 1993: Microfoundations. A Critical Inquiry. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  113. Jerison, M., 1984: Social Welfare and the Unrepresentative Representative Consumer, Discussion Paper, State University of New York at Albany, NY.Google Scholar
  114. Jones, D. F., M. Tamiz, and S. K. Mirrazavi, 1998: Intelligent solution and analysis of goal programmes: The GPSYS system, Decision Support Systems 23: pp. 329–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Jones, Charles I. and John C. Williams, 1998: Measuring the Social Return to R&D. Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 113,No. 4 (November): pp. 1119–1135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Jorgenson, Dale W., and Peter J. Wilcoxen, 1993: Reducing U.S. Carbon Emissions: An Econometric General Equilibrium Assessment, Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 15: pp. 7–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Kahnemann, Daniel, and Amos Tversky, 1979: Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk, Econometrica, Vol. 47,No. 2: pp. 263–91.Google Scholar
  118. Kahnemann, Daniel, Paul Slovic, and Amos Tversky (eds.), 1982: Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  119. Kehoe, Patrick J. and Timothy J. Kehoe (eds.), 1995: Modelling North American Economic Integration. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  120. Kehoe, Timothy J., 1985: Multiplicity of Equilibria and Comparative Statics, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol.99: pp. 119–147.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  121. Kehoe, Timothy J., 1998: Uniqueness and Stability, in: Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis, ed. by Alan P. Kirman: pp. 38–87.Google Scholar
  122. Kehoe, Timothy J., D.K. Levine, and P.M. Romer, 1992: On Characterizing Equilibria of Economies with Externalities and Taxes as Solutions to Optimization Problems, Economic Theory, Vol.2: pp. 43–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Kirman, Alan P., 1989: The intrinsic limits of modern economic theory: The emperor has no clothes, The Economic Journal, Vol.99 (Conference Supplement): pp. 126–139.Google Scholar
  124. Kirman, Alan P., 1992: Whom or What Does the Representative Individual Represent? Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol.6No.2 (Spring): pp. 117–136.Google Scholar
  125. Kirman, Alan P., ed. 1998: Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford, U.K., and Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
  126. Kirman, Alan P., 1998: Introduction, in Kirman (ed.), Elements of General Equilibrium Analysis. Oxford, U.K., and Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 1–9.Google Scholar
  127. Kline, David M. and John A. “Skip” Laitner, 1999: Policies to Enhance Technology Diffusion and Market Transformation,” A paper presented at the annual conference of the International Association of Energy Economics in Florida. September.Google Scholar
  128. Koomey, Jonathan G., R. Cooper Richey, “Skip” Laitner, Robert J. Markel, and Chris Marnay, Technology and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: an Integrated Scenario Analysis Using the LBNL-NEMS Model, EPA 430-R-98-021, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, September 1998. Scholar
  129. Krause, Florentin, Jonathan Koomey, and David Oliver, 1999: Cutting Carbon Emissions While Making Money: Climate Saving Energy Strategies for the European Union (Executive Summary). El Cerrito, CA: International Project for Sustainable Energy Paths.Google Scholar
  130. Krugman, Paul R., 1979: Increasing Returns, Monopolistic Competition, and International Trade, Journal of International Economics, Vol. 9,No. 4 (November): pp. 469–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Krugman, Paul R., 1980: Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade, American Economic Review, Vol. 70: pp. 950–959.Google Scholar
  132. Laitner, John A. “Skip” and Hodayah Finman, 2000: Productivity Benefits from Industrial Energy Efficiency Investments. A monograph prepared for the EPA Office of Atmospheric Programs, Washington, DC, March.Google Scholar
  133. Laitner, John A. “Skip”, 1997: WYMIWYG (What You Measure is What You Get): The Benefits of Technology Investment as a Climate Change Policy, a paper given to the 18th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE/IAEE, San Francisco, CA. September 7–10, 1997.Google Scholar
  134. Laitner, John A. “Skip”, 1999a: The Economic Effect of Climate Policies that Increase Investments in Cost-Effective, Energy-Efficient Technologies, Presented at the 74th Annual Western Economic Association International Conference, San Diego, CA, July.Google Scholar
  135. Laitner, John A. “Skip”, 1999b: The Impact of Climate Policies on the Cost of Carbon Reductions in the United States, A working paper prepared for the EPA Office of Atmospheric Programs, Washington, DC, July.Google Scholar
  136. Laitner, John A. “Skip”, 1999c: Engineering-Economic Analyses of GHG Emissions Reductions: Microeconomic Foundations with Macroeconomic Results, Proceedings of The IEA International Workshop on Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Engineering-Economic Analyses of Conserved Energy and Carbon, Washington, DC, May 5–7.Google Scholar
  137. Laitner, John A. “Skip” and Jack Kegel, 1988: Community Energy Choices: The Goal Programming Concept As An Economic Development Assessment Tool for Utility/Community Based Energy Management Programs, Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Conference of the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, Columbus, OH, September.Google Scholar
  138. Laitner, John A. “Skip” and Jack Kegel, 1989: Evaluating Community Energy Management Strategies Using the OPTIONS Model. Proceedings of the 1989 Energy Program Evaluation Conference. Chicago, IL. August.Google Scholar
  139. Laitner, John A. “Skip” and Kathleen Hogan, 2000 (forthcoming): Solving for Multiple Objectives: The Use of the Goal Programming Model to Evaluate Energy Policy Options, a paper for the ACEEE Buildings Summer Study, August 2000.Google Scholar
  140. Laitner, John A. “Skip”, Kathleen Hogan, and Donald Hanson, 1999: Technology and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Integrated Analysis of Policies that Increase Investments in Cost Effective Energy-Efficient Technologies, Proceedings of the Electric Utilities Environment Conference, Tucson, AZ, January.Google Scholar
  141. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1966 a: A New Approach to Consumer Theory, Journal of Political Economy, Vol.74 (April): pp. 132–157.Google Scholar
  142. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1996 b: Change and Innovation in the Technology of Consumption, American Economic Review, Vol. 56 (May): pp. 14–23.Google Scholar
  143. Lancaster, Kelvin, 1971: Consumer Demand: A New Approach, Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  144. Lee, Sang M., 1976: Linear Optimization for Management. New York, NY: Mason Charter Publishers.Google Scholar
  145. Lee, Sang M., Skip Laitner, and Yung M. Yu, 1986: A Goal Programming Decision Support System for Community Energy Management Programs, a paper presented to the 1986 Meeting of the Decision Science Institute, Honolulu, HI, November.Google Scholar
  146. Lind, Robert C., 1982: A Primer on the Major Issues Relating to the Discount Rate for Evaluating National Energy Options, in: Robert C. Lind (ed.), 1982. Discounting for Time and Risk in Energy Policy. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, pp. 21–94.Google Scholar
  147. Lipsey, R.G. and Kelvin Lancaster, 1957: The general theory of second best,” The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 24: pp. 11–32.Google Scholar
  148. Loewenstein, George, 2000: Emotions in Economic Theory and Economic Behaviour, American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the One Hundred Twelfth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 90,No. 2 (May): pp. 426–432.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  149. Lucas, Robert E., Jr. 1988: On the Mechanics of Economic Development. Journal of Monetary Economics 22 (July): pp. 3–42.Google Scholar
  150. Luke, Jeffrey S., 1998: Catalytic Leadership: Strategies for an Interconnected World, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
  151. Lysy, F. J., and L. Taylor, 1980: The general equilibrium income distribution model, in: L. Taylor, E. Bacha, E. Cardoso, and F. J. Lysy, eds. Models of Growth and Distribution for Brazil. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  152. Manne, Alan S., and Richard R. Richels, 1992: Buying Greenhouse Insurance: The Economic Costs of Carbon Dioxide Emission Limits. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  153. Mantel, R., 1974: On the characterisation of aggregate excess demand, Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 7: pp. 348–353.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  154. Martel, Robert J., 1996: Heterogeneity, Aggregation, and a Meaningful Macroeconomics, in David Colander, ed., Beyond Microfoundations: Post Walrasian Macroeconomics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 127–144.Google Scholar
  155. Martino, Joseph P., 1999: The environment for technological change, International Journal of Technology Management, Vol. 18 (Sept.–Oct.) il-2p4(7).Google Scholar
  156. McKee, Michael and Edwin G. West, 1981: The theory of second best: A solution in search of a problem, Economic Inquiry, Vol.19 (July): pp. 436–448.Google Scholar
  157. Morishima, M., 1984: The good and bad uses of mathematics, in Economics in Disarray, ed. P. Wiles and G. North. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  158. National Academy of Sciences, 1992: Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  159. Nelson, Richard R., 1995: Recent Evolutionary Theorizing About Economic Change, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 33,No. 1 (March): pp. 48–90.Google Scholar
  160. Nelson, Richard R., 1996: The Sources of Economic Growth, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  161. Nelson, R.R., & Winter, S.G., 1982: An evolutionary theory of economic change, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  162. Nordhaus, William D. and Edward C. Kokkelenberg, (eds.), 1999: Nature’s Numbers: Expanding the National Economic Accounts to Include the Environment. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  163. Norland, Douglas L., Kim Y. Ninassi, and Dale Jorgenson, 1998: Price it Right: Energy Pricing and Fundamental Tax Reform (Executive Summary), Washington, DC: Alliance to Save Energy.Google Scholar
  164. North, Douglass C., 1990: Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  165. Office of Global Change, 1997: Climate Action Report: 1997 Submission of the United States of America Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of State, July.Google Scholar
  166. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), U.S. Congress, 1991: Changing by Degrees: Steps to Reduce Greenhouse Gases, OTA-0-482. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  167. Olson, Mancur, 1965: The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  168. Pahl-Wostl, Claudia, Carlo C. Jaeger, Steve Rayner, Christoph Schär, Marjolein van Asselt, Dieter M. Imboden, and Andrej Vckovski, 1998: Regional Integrated Assessment and the Problem of Indeterminacy, in Peter Cebon, Urs Dahinden, Huw Davies, Dieter M. Imboden, and Carlo C. Jaeger, eds., Views from the Alps: Regional Perspectives on Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: The M. I. T. Press.Google Scholar
  169. Parry, Ian W. H. and A.M. Bento, 2000: Tax deductions, environmental policy, and the ‘double dividend’ hypothesis, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 39No. 1 (January): pp. 67–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Paton, Bruce, 1999a: Resources as Capital: Insights on Efficiency Gains from Voluntary Environmental Policies, a working paper for the European Research Network on Voluntary Approaches (CAVA).
  171. Paton, Bruce, 1999b: Voluntary Environmental Initiatives and Sustainable Industry, Greening of Industry Network Conference, Chapel Hill, NC, November.Google Scholar
  172. Peters, Irene, Frank Ackerman, and Stephen Bernow, 1999: Economic theory and climate change, Energy Policy, Vol.27,No. 9 (September): pp. 501–504.Google Scholar
  173. Peters, Irene and Kai-H. Brassel, 2000: Integrating Computable General Equilibrium Models and Multi-Agent Systems — Why and How, in: 2000 AI, Simulation and Planning in High Autonomy Systems. Ed. by Hessam S. Sarjoughian, Francois E. Cellier, Michael M. Marefat, and Jerzy W. Rozenblit. Simulation Councils, Inc.: pp. 27–35.Google Scholar
  174. Porter, Michael E., 1991: America’s Green Strategy: Environmental Standards and Competitiveness, Scientific American, Vol. 264,No. 4 (April): 168.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Porter, Michael E. and Claas van der Linde, 1995: Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9,No. 4 (Fall): pp. 97–118.Google Scholar
  176. Porter, Michael E., 1998: The Adam Smith address: location, clusters, and the ‘new’ microeconomics of competition, Business Economics, Vol. 33,No. 1 (Jan.): p7(7).Google Scholar
  177. Querol, Cristina, Åsa Gerger, Bernd Kasemir, and David Tàbara, 1999: Citizens’ Recommendations for Addressing Climate Change: A Participatory Integrated Assessment Exercise in Europe, ULYSSES WP-99-4, Darmstadt University of Technology, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt, Germany.Google Scholar
  178. Ravetz, Jerry, 1999: Models as Metaphors, ULYSSES WP-99-3, Darmstadt University of Technology, Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Technology, Darmstadt, Germany.Google Scholar
  179. Render, Barry and Ralph M. Stair, Jr., 1992: Introduction to Management Science, Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  180. Repetto, Robert and Duncan Austin, 1997: The Costs of Climate Protection: A Guide for the Perplexed. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.Google Scholar
  181. Rizvi, S. Abu Turab, 1994: The microfoundations project in general equilibrium theory, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol.18: pp. 357–377.Google Scholar
  182. Romer, Paul M., 1986: Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth. Journal of Political Economy Vol. 94 (October): pp. 1002–1037.Google Scholar
  183. Romer, Paul M., 1990: Endogenous Technological Change. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98,pt 2: pp. S71–S102.Google Scholar
  184. ai]Romer, Paul M., 2000: Thinking and Feeling, American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the One Hundred Twelfth Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 90,No. 2 (May): pp. 439–443.Google Scholar
  185. Romm, Joseph J., 1994: Lean and Clean Management: How to Boost Profits and Productivity by Reducing Pollution. New York/Tokyo/London: Kodansha International.Google Scholar
  186. Romm, Joseph J., 1999: Cool Companies: How the Best Businesses Boost Profits and Productivity by Cutting Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  187. Ross, E.H. Christopher, J. Ladd Greeno, and Albert Sherman, 1997: Scenario Thinking: Planning for the Futures You Want (and the Futures You Just Might Get), Prism, Third Quarter.Google Scholar
  188. Rubinstein, Ariel, 1998: Modelling Bounded Rationality. Cambridge, MA: The M. I. T. Press.Google Scholar
  189. Rust, John, 1997: Dealing with the Complexity of Economic Calculations, paper for workshop on Fundamental Limits to Knowledge in Economics, Santa Fe Institute, August 3, 1996, Santa Fe, revised October 1997.Google Scholar
  190. Ruth, Matthias, Brynhildur Davidsdottir, and John A. “Skip” Laitner, forthcoming. Using Climate Change Policies to Promote Efficiency in the US Pulp and Paper Industry, Energy Policy.Google Scholar
  191. Saari, Donald G., 1985: Iterative Price Mechanisms, Econometrica, Vol.53,No.5 (September): pp. 1117–1131.MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  192. Saari, Donald G. and C.P. Simon, 1978: Effective Price Mechanisms, Econometrica, Vol. 46: pp. 1097–1125.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  193. Saari, Donald G. and S.R. Williams, 1986: On the Local Convergence of Economic Mechanisms, Journal of Economic Theory, Vol.40,No.1 (October): pp. 152–167.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  194. Sagoff, Mark, 1981: At the Shrine of Our Lady Fatima, or Why Political Questions Are Not All Economic, Arizona Law Review, Vol.23: pp. 1283–1298.Google Scholar
  195. Sagoff, Mark, 1988: Some Problems with Environmental Economics, Environmental Ethics, Vol.10,No.1:pp. 55–74.Google Scholar
  196. Sagoff, Mark, 1994: Should Preferences Count? Land Economics, Vol.2 (May): pp. 127–145.Google Scholar
  197. Sanstad, Alan, 1999: Endogenous Technological Change and the Crowding Out Problem in Climate Policy, paper presented at the Conference on Economics and Integrated Assessment, Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Washington DC (July 21–22).Google Scholar
  198. Sanstad, Alan H., Stephen J. DeCanio, and Gale A. Boyd, 2000a: Estimating Bounds on the Macroeconomic Effects of the CEF Policy Scenarios, Appendix E-4 of Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future, prepared by the Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Clean-Energy Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.Google Scholar
  199. Sanstad, Alan H., Stephen J. DeCanio, Richard Howarth, Stephen Schneider, and Starley Thompson, 2000b: New Directions in the Economics and Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change. Washington, DC: Pew Center on Global Climate Change.Google Scholar
  200. Schipper, Lee, and Stephen Meyers, 1993: Using scenarios to explore future energy demand in industrialized countries, Energy Policy, Vol. 23 (March): pp. 264–275.Google Scholar
  201. Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1942: Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. 2nd ed., New York: Harper Brothers.Google Scholar
  202. Schwartz, Peter, 1996: The Art of the Long View: Planning for the Future in an Uncertain World. New York, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  203. Sen, Amartya K., 1979: The Welfare Basis of Real Income Comparisons: A Survey, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 17,No. 1: pp. 1–45.Google Scholar
  204. Sen, Amartya K., 1982: Approaches to the Choice of Discount Rates for Social Benefit-Cost Analysis, in: Robert C. Lind (ed.), 1982. Discounting for Time and Risk in Energy Policy, Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, pp. 325–376.Google Scholar
  205. Sen, Amartya K., 1985: Well-Being, Agency and Freedom: The Dewey Lectures 1984, Journal of Philosophy, Vol.82: pp. 169–221.Google Scholar
  206. Shackley, S. & Darier, É., 1998: Seduction of the Sirens: global climate change and modelling, Science and Public Policy, Vol. 25,No. 5: pp. 313–325.Google Scholar
  207. Shafer, Wayne, and Hugo Sonnenschein, 1982: Market demand and excess demand functions, in Handbook of Mathematical Economics, eds. Kenneth J. Arrow and Michael D. Intriligator. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Vol. II, pp. 671–693.Google Scholar
  208. Shoven, John B. and John Whalley, 1992: Applying General Equilibrium, New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  209. Simon, Herbert A., 1996: Economic Rationality: Adaptive Artifice. In: The Sciences of the Artificial. 3rd edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 25–49.Google Scholar
  210. Simon, Herbert A., 1996: Models of Bounded Rationality. Vol. 3. Empirically Grounded Economic Reason. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  211. Simon, Herbert A., 1947: Administrative Behaviour. New York: Macmillan, 1947.Google Scholar
  212. Simon, Herbert A., 1957: Models of Man. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  213. Simon, Herbert A., 1963: Discussion, American Economic Review, Vol. 53,No. 2: pp. 229–231.Google Scholar
  214. Simon, Herbert A., 1997: An Empirically Based Microeconomics. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  215. Simon, Herbert A., Models of Bounded Rationality. Vol.1 Economic Analysis and Public Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  216. Simon, Herbert A., Models of Bounded Rationality. Vol.2 Behavioural Economics and Business Organization. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  217. Slesnick, Daniel T., 1998: Empirical Approaches to the Measurement of Welfare, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 36,No. 4 (December): pp. 2108–2165.Google Scholar
  218. Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1972: Market excess demand functions, Econometrica, Vol.40: pp. 549–563.MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  219. Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1973: Do Walras identity and continuity characterize the class of community excess demand functions?, Journal of Economic Theory, Vol.6: pp. 345–354.CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  220. Starmer, Chris, 2000: Developments in Non-Expected Utility Theory: The Hunt for a Descriptive Theory of Choice under Risk, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 38,No. 2 (June): pp. 332–382.Google Scholar
  221. Stern, Paul C., and Elliot Aronson (eds.), 1984: Energy Use: The Human Dimension, Committee on Behavioural and Social Aspects of Energy Consumption and Production, National Research Council, New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Company.Google Scholar
  222. Stern, Paul C., 1986: Blind Spots in Policy Analysis: What Economics Doesn’t Say About Energy Use, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Volume 5,No. 2: pp. 200–227.Google Scholar
  223. Stern, Paul C., 1992: What Psychology Knows About Energy Conservation, American Psychologist, Vol. 47,No. 10 (October): pp. 1224–1232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. Stern, Paul C., and Gerald T. Gardner, 1981: Psychological Research and Energy Policy, American Psychologist, Vol. 36,No. 4 (April): pp. 329–342.Google Scholar
  225. Stille, Alexander, 2000: A Happiness Index With a Long Reach, The New York Times (May 20): A17.Google Scholar
  226. Stoker, Thomas M., 1993: Empirical approaches to the problem of aggregation over individuals, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 31 (December): pp. 1827–1874.Google Scholar
  227. Taylor, Lance, ed., 1990: Socially Relevant Policy Analysis. Structuralist Computable General Equilibrium Models for the Developing World. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  228. Taylor, Lance, 1983: Structuralist Macroeconomics: Applicable Models for the Third World. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  229. Tisdell, Clem, 1996: Bounded Rationality and Economic Evolution. A Contribution to Decision Making, Economics and Management. Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  230. Tellus Institute, 1997: Policies and Measures to Reduce CO 2 Emissions in the United States: An Analysis of Options for 2005 and 2010. Boston, MA: Tellus Institute.Google Scholar
  231. Tesfatsion, Leigh, 2000: Website Agent-Based Computational Economics, Scholar
  232. Thaler, Richard H., 2000: From Homo Economicus to Homo Sapiens, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 14,No. 1 (Winter): pp. 133–141.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. The Economist 1999 Dec 18.: Rethinking Thinking, pp. 69–71.Google Scholar
  234. Tobin, James, 1986: The future of Keynesian economics, Eastern Economic Journal, Vol.13,No.4.Google Scholar
  235. Union of Concerned Scientists and Tellus Institute, 1998. A Small Price to Pay: US Action to Curb Global Warming Is Feasible and Affordable. Cambridge, MA: UCS Publications.Google Scholar
  236. Van DeVeer, Donald, and Christine Pierce (eds.), 1998: The Environmental Ethics and Policy Book. Philosophy, Ecology, Economics. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  237. Van der Laan, G. and A. J. J. Talman, 1987: A Convergent Price Adjustment Process, Economics Letters, Vol.23: pp. 119–123.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  238. Vatn, Arild and Daniel W. Bromley, 1994: Choices without Prices without Apologies, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol.26: pp. 129–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. Villar, A., 1996: General Equilibrium with Increasing Returns. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  240. Wack, Pierre. 1985a: The Gentle Art of Reperceiving—Scenarios: Uncharted Waters Ahead (part 1 of a two-part article), Harvard Business Review, (September-October): 73–89.Google Scholar
  241. Wack, Pierre, 1985b: The Gentle Art of Reperceiving—Scenarios: Shooting the Rapids (part 2 of a two-part article), Harvard Business Review, (November–December): pp. 2–14.Google Scholar
  242. Weidlich, Wolfgang and Günter Haag, 1983: Concepts and Models of a Quantitative Sociology: The Dynamics ofInteracting Populations. Berlin, New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  243. Weintraub, E. Roy, 1979: Microfoundations: The Compatibility of Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  244. Weitzman, Martin L., 1974: Prices vs. quantities, The Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 41 (October): pp. 447–491.Google Scholar
  245. Weyant, John, Henry Jacoby, James Edmonds, and Richard Richels, (eds.), 1999: The Costs of the Kyoto Protocol: A Multi-Model Evaluation, a special issue of the Energy Journal, Spring.Google Scholar
  246. Williamson, Oliver E., 1992: Transaction Cost Economics and Organization Theory, as found in, Giovanni, Dosi, David J. Teece, and Josef Chytry, Technology, Organization, and Competitiveness: Perspectives on Industrial and Corporate Change, New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  247. Wisdom, J., 1998: A Brief Introduction to Chaos in the Solar System,∼solar/text/short.html.
  248. Wright, T. P., 1936: Factors Affecting the Cost of Airplanes, Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences, 3: pp. 122–128.Google Scholar
  249. Yang, Zili, et al., 1996: The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment (EPPA) Model. MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, Report No. 6. Cambridge, MA: MIT.Google Scholar
  250. Zizzo, Daniel John, Stephanie Stolarz-Fantino, Julie Wen, and Edmund Fantino, 2000: A violation of the monotonicity axiom: experimental evidence on the conjunction fallacy, Journal Of Economic Behaviour And Organization, Vol. 41,No. 3 (March): pp. 263–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. “Skip” Laitner
  • Stephen J. De Canio
  • Irene Peters

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations