Theoretical and Experimental Progress on the Gem (Gravity-Electro-Magnetism) Theory of Field Unification

  • J. E. Brandenburg
  • J. F. Kline
  • Vincent Dipietro
Conference paper
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 126)


Theoretical and experimental progress on the GEM theory is summarized. A portion of the Kaluza-Klein action is shown to form a “Vacuum Bernoulli Equation” showing Gravitational energy density to be equated to an EM dynamic pressure that is quadratic in the local Poynting Flux: g 2/(2π G)S 2/(c 2 u 0 ) = Constant where G and S are the local Gravity and Poynting vector magnitudes, respectively, G is the Newton-Cavendish constant and u 0 is a local magnetic energy density. This relation satisfies the Equivalence Principle. It is shown that this equation predicts that gravity modification can occur through a Vacuum Bernoulli Effect or VBE by creating a perturbing Poynting flux by a rotating EM field, a “Poynting Vortex”, and that this effect can lead to a lifting force for human flight applications. The theory is then applied to experiments involving EM driven gyroscopes with some success. Explorations of the possibility of a GEMS theory, including the strong force, are briefly discussed.


Gravity Field Equivalence Principle Gravity Change Gravity Vector Spin Vector 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Brandenburg
    • 1
  • J. F. Kline
    • 2
  • Vincent Dipietro
    • 2
  1. 1.Aerospace CorporationChantillyUSA
  2. 2.Research Support InstrumentsLanham-SeabrookUSA

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