Neuropsychology of Childhood Epilepsy

Volume 50 of the series Advances in Behavioral Biology pp 97-102

Neuropsychology of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy in Children

  • Isabelle JambaquéAffiliated withService de Neuropédiatrie, Hôpital Saint Vincent de Paul

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Temporal lobe epilepsy in children has not been studied as well as in adults. Nevertheless, there is evidence that temporal lobe epilepsy in childhood can produce specific cognitive deficits including mental retardation, language disorders, attention and memory disturbances. Neurobehavioral problems are also frequently encountered in children with intractable complex partial seizures. Left temporal lobe epilepsy is also considered to be a risk factor for the development of behavioral disturbances and learning disabilities. Academic underachievement could be the result of limited vocabulary abilities, poor reading development and verbal memory deficits. The early assessment of such cognitive impairments can guide neuropsychological rehabilitation.