Opiates Promote T Cell Apoptosis Through JNK and Caspase Pathway
Opiate addicts are prone to recurrent infections. In the present study we evaluated the molecular mechanism of opiate-induced T cell apoptosis. Both morphine and DAGO ([D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly5-ol]enkephalin) enhanced T cell apoptosis. Morphine as well as DAGO activated c-Jun NH 2 -terminal kinase (JNK) in T cells. Moreover, opiates increased the expression of ATF-2, a specific substrate for JNK and P38 mitogen activated kinases (MAPK). Furthermore, opiates attenuated extracellular signal related kinase (ERK) in T cells. Both morphine and DAGO cleaved pro-caspases 8, 9, and 10 and generated caspases 8, 9 and 10 (active products). Morphine as well as DAGO also cleaved poly- (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) into 116 and 85 kD proteins indicating the activation of caspase-3. These results suggest that opiate-induced T cell apoptosis may be mediated through the JNK cascade and activation of caspases 8 and 3.
KeywordsCell Apoptosis Jurkat Cell Lymphocyte Apoptosis Extracellular Signal Related Kinase Opiate Addict
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