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Carnival Caricatures

Carnival and Humor in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Book
  • Aug 2024


  • Presents historical context through humor in illustrated magazines
  • Analyzes Brazilian humor through songs, articles and history
  • Explains the relevance of carnival in Brazilian culture

Part of the book series: The Latin American Studies Book Series (LASBS)

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About this book

​This work analyzes carnival in Rio de Janeiro through the irreverent view disclosed by the illustrated Brazilian magazines Fon-Fon! and Careta. For such purpose, texts and illustrations elaborated by great names in caricature and literature were used, as well as by journalists who remained anonymous due to the fact that their chronicles and articles did not carry their signatures. The way in which carnival was dealt with in said publications, was intimately related to the world view which intellectuals enjoyed, the Belle Epoque, and to the readers of these magazines: the urban middle classes and part of the elite. To understand both the view and the type of humoristic approach used, songs and the works of chronicle writers, memorialists and historians who worked on the theme were also investigated. At the end, what could be verified through the study of these publications was the importance that carnival enjoyed in the lives of those men of letters and brushes, and how relevant was the counterpart which they made possible not only to readers, but also to us, historians. 

Through these publications, it is possible to redeem and reconstruct part of the history of carnival as well as understand the context of the period, political problems, stylishness, innovations and changes in the lives of Rio de Janeiro (carioca) dwellers. So much attention to the theme from the illustrated press denotes the importance of carnival to the financial health of newspaper companies, since the subject and its well-humored approach pleased readers, besides showing that not only did those writers and artists write about the festivities in an irreverent manner, but they also actively participated in them as carnival merrymakers, and therefore they were, themselves, artificers of that history.


  • Carnival – Rio de Janeiro - History
  • Carnival, 1908-1921 – Humor, satire, etc.
  • Carnival – Magazines – Illustrations, 1908-1921
  • Rio de Janeiro Carnival
  • History of Carnival
  • Historical Analysis of Illustrated Press in Brazil
  • Political Carnival
  • Fon Fon!
  • Careta

Authors and Affiliations

  • UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, UNESP, Ourinhos, Brazil

    Fabiana Lopes da Cunha

About the author

Professor Fabiana Lopes da Cunha is a Postdoctoral Fellow at King's College London (217), where she also worked as a Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of Spanish, Portuguese & Latin American Studies, in the Faculty of Arts & Humanities at King's College London under the supervision of Camoes Professor David Treece. She holds a PhD and a master's degree in Social History from the University of São Paulo (USP), where she also completed her bachelor's and licentiate's degrees in History. She has worked as a lecturer and researcher at the Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" since 2003, where she also coordinates a Documentation and Memory Centre (CEDOM) with the aim of preserving local and regional memory. She has experience in the field of History with an emphasis on Brazilian History, mainly in the area of Cultural History during the Imperial and Republican periods up to the end of the Estado Novo. Her areas of interest are linked to the Social History of Culture and Atlantic History, such as: Brazilian popular music, popular culture (festivals), museums, diaspora and intangible heritage. In 2004 he published his first book "Da Marginalidade ao Estrelato: O Samba na Construção da Nacionalidade(1917-1945)", by Annablume Publishing. She is accredited in the postgraduate programme of the History course at UNESP in Assis in the research line "Culture, Historiography and Heritage". She was a CONDEPHAAT counsellor between 2011 and 2014. She is leader of the Heritage research group, deputy leader of the History & Music research group and participates in the Identity Dialogues research group at King's College London. She was invited, as the organiser of the Angra Doce Project in the state of São Paulo and a representative of UNESP, to take part in the Global Leaders Summit 2018 and the Brazil SDG Business Forum during the 73rd United Nations General Assembly.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Carnival Caricatures

  • Book Subtitle: Carnival and Humor in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Authors: Fabiana Lopes da Cunha

  • Series Title: The Latin American Studies Book Series

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Social Sciences, Social Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-031-61494-1Due: 06 September 2024

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-3-031-61497-2Due: 06 September 2025

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-031-61495-8Due: 06 September 2024

  • Series ISSN: 2366-3421

  • Series E-ISSN: 2366-343X

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIV, 400

  • Number of Illustrations: 75 b/w illustrations, 125 illustrations in colour

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