Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity

Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot

  • Jeremy Rich
  • Dorothy E. Dean
  • Robert H. Powers

Part of the Forensic Science and Medicine book series (FSM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Analysis, Development, and Identification Markers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Robert H. Powers
      Pages 3-15
    3. Nancy E. Tatarek, Dorothy E. Dean
      Pages 17-31
    4. Nancy E. Tatarek, Paul W. Sciulli
      Pages 69-98
    5. Douglas H. Ubelaker
      Pages 99-112
    6. B. G. Brogdon
      Pages 113-237
  3. Trauma Analysis and Reconstruction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. Jonathan I. Groner
      Pages 241-252
    3. Alison Galloway, Lauren Zephro
      Pages 253-277
    4. David J. Porta
      Pages 279-310
    5. Scott D. Batterman, Steven C. Batterman
      Pages 343-355
  4. Foot Identification Case Studies, Pedal Evidence, and Ongoing Research

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 357-357
    2. Julie Mather Saul, Frank P. Saul
      Pages 359-374
    3. Robert B. Kennedy
      Pages 401-413
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 415-421

About this book


The lower extremity is a tremendously variable anatomic region that can be used to establish individual identity, or, if damaged, can be used to reconstruct antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem trauma. In Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot, leading forensic authorities rigorously review both the scientific and practical aspects of human identification, trauma analysis, and biomechanics of lower extremity as encountered in decomposed or dismembered individuals, mass casualty situations, and human rights abuse investigations. On the scientific side, the authors describe the biochemical events of decomposition, detail the use of radiology to facilitate identification and evaluate trauma, and explain principles of osteology, with an emphasis on the implications for skeletal anatomy for age, sex, race, and height estimation. On the practical side, they apply these approaches to trauma analysis and accident reconstruction, including slip-and-fall incidents, impact, traffic, and pediatric injuries, and considerations of foot and footprint identification. Specific case studies discuss the identification process using the foot and ankle and illuminate the forensic potential of feet, footwear, and barefoot impression evidence.
Authoritative and copiously illustrated, Forensic Medicine of the Lower Extremity: Human Identification and Trauma Analysis of the Thigh, Leg, and Foot comprehensively reviews the basic process of forensic identification, trauma investigation, and accident reconstruction of the lower extremity.


anatomy ankle biomechanics foot knee radiology trauma

Editors and affiliations

  • Jeremy Rich
    • 1
  • Dorothy E. Dean
    • 2
  • Robert H. Powers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MedicineBrigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBoston
  2. 2.Office of the Medical ExaminerCounty of SummitAkron
  3. 3.Division of Scientific Services, Controlled Substances/Toxicology LaboratoryConnecticut Department of Public SafetyHartford

Bibliographic information