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  • © 2016

Race and the Black Male Subculture

The Lives of Toby Waller

Palgrave Macmillan


  • An interdisciplinary examination of black masculinity and culture in the 21st century

  • Critiques the systemic and institutional devaluation of black male lives in American society

  • Uses the literary figure of Toby Waller as a historical platform to examine racism and oppression

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 29.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xvii
  2. Introduction: The Toby Waller Stereotype

    • William T. Hoston
    Pages 1-8
  3. Devaluing Black Male Life

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 9-9
    2. Black Males are Human Beings: An Open Letter

      • William T. Hoston
      Pages 11-21
    3. We Miss You, James Evans Sr.

      • William T. Hoston
      Pages 43-59
  4. It’s Good to Be White in America

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 61-61
    2. No Indictment on Canfield Drive

      • William T. Hoston
      Pages 63-79
    3. The Racial Politics of Marijuana

      • William T. Hoston
      Pages 99-113
  5. Brothers of the Moment

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 115-115
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 155-170

About this book

This book is a study of black masculinity in the twenty-first century. Through a series of critical and interdisciplinary essays, this work examines the image of the black male in American society as a Toby Waller stereotype.  Toby Waller is the fictional, yet symbolic character from Alex Haley’s highly acclaimed book and mini-series, Roots.  It is a richly detailed, fictional story about slavery and one enslaved African man’s struggle to regain freedom.  The parallel of the life of enslaved Toby Waller is similar to present day black males.  Both are individuals who are often stripped of their cultural identity and exist within an institutional and systemic framework that devalues black male life.  This dichotomy is the historical platform to discuss how those in the annals of white America demarcate which embodiment merits inclusion into societal acceptance.


  • Black Masculinity
  • Black males
  • Race
  • Black Male Subculture
  • racism
  • Crime


This book focuses on black masculinity in the twenty-first century via a reflexive lens.  William T. Hoston spotlights how the black male subculture can be examined as a contending force continually engaged by white empowerment.  Hoston’s command of language and presentation of an open letter affirms black males as human beings, and calls to mind discourse in Black Skins White Masks by Franz Fanon:  ‘Whoever controls language creates a world.’  Hoston encourages the black male subculture in the United States of America to empower themselves by giving voice to their own plight as an endangered species annihilated at interval under what passes as a legal agenda in order to maintain social control over their lives and to impede their advancement.” - Ronald Dorris, Alumni Class of ’58 Professorship in Liberal Arts in African American & Diaspora Studies and English, Xavier University of Louisiana, USA

“This collection of hard-hitting essays is a must-read for anyone concerned with the plight of African-American men in contemporary society.” - Ray Von Robertson, Associate Professor of Sociology, Florida A&M University, USA

Authors and Affiliations

  • University of Houston - Clear Lake, USA, Houston, USA

    William T. Hoston

About the author

William T. Hoston is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Houston-Clear Lake, USA.  His research interests lie primarily in the areas of minority voting behavior, political behavior of Black politicians, race and minority group behavior, Black masculinity, race and crime, and theories and dynamics of racism and oppression.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Race and the Black Male Subculture

  • Book Subtitle: The Lives of Toby Waller

  • Authors: William T. Hoston

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan New York

  • eBook Packages: Social Sciences, Social Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-137-59045-9Published: 12 May 2016

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-1-349-95491-9Published: 27 May 2018

  • eBook ISBN: 978-1-137-58853-1Published: 11 May 2016

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XVII, 170

  • Topics: Race and Ethnicity Studies, Urban Sociology, Political Sociology, Human Geography

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 29.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)