Mediterranean Labor Markets in the First Age of Globalization

An Economic History of Real Wages and Market Integration

  • Authors
  • Paul┬áCaruana Galizia

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 1-4
  3. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 5-10
  4. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 11-30
  5. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 31-66
  6. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 67-84
  7. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 85-110
  8. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 111-129
  9. Paul Caruana Galizia
    Pages 131-135
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 137-197

About this book


Scholars have studied the nineteenth century's unprecedented labor flows in global and specific country contexts, but have lacked a comprehensive analysis of the world's old economic core, the Mediterranean. This work provides answers to important questions, such as: If the Mediterranean labor market really was integrated, then why did globalization affect the Western and Eastern Mediterranean so differently? Why did wage inequality rise in the East while it fell in the rest of the labor-abundant periphery? More broadly, was low emigration from Iberia and the East to blame for the Mediterranean's failed integration with the fast-expanding global economy? This ground-breaking research relates these questions to ongoing historical debates on the intensity of intra-Mediterranean integration in goods and labor, to current heated debates on North African emigration to Europe, and to discussions on European economic integration more generally.


Mediterranean real wages globalization labor markets economic history labor market labour market migration trade

Bibliographic information