Germany’s Two Unifications

Anticipations, Experiences, Responses

  • Ronald Speirs
  • John Breuilly

Part of the New Perspectives in German Studies book series (NPG)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. John Breuilly, Ronald Speirs
    Pages 1-25
  3. John Breuilly
    Pages 101-121
  4. Abigail Green
    Pages 122-138
  5. John Osborne
    Pages 224-240
  6. Mary Fulbrook
    Pages 241-260
  7. John Breuilly
    Pages 307-316
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 317-340

About this book


Germany's unique historical experience of undergoing national unification twice in a little over a century makes it a fascinating object of study. In this volume the processes of unification are analysed from the point of view of historians, political scientists and literary historians. Because each event had quite different historical pre-conditions (the first having been long anticipated and pursued, whereas the second took virtually all participants by surprise), the processes of adjustment to it have differed in many ways. Yet in each case the idea of national unity has held sway powerfully as a norm guiding the responses of those involved.


chronology empire Europe federalism Germany nation nationalism Protest Russia

Editors and affiliations

  • Ronald Speirs
    • 1
  • John Breuilly
    • 2
  1. 1.University of BirminghamUK
  2. 2.London School of Economics and Political ScienceUK

Bibliographic information