© 1998

Invisible Work, Invisible Workers

The Informal Economy in Europe and the US


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Madeleine Leonard
    Pages 1-10
  3. Madeleine Leonard
    Pages 113-134
  4. Madeleine Leonard
    Pages 151-163
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 164-185

About this book


The purpose of this book is to highlight contemporary changes in the world of work and employment by exploring the importance of the informal economy in Western Europe and the United States. The book examines the myriad of ways in which individuals, households and communities turn to informal economic activities in order to achieve some level of economic security in precarious economic environments. Madeleine Leonard also illustrates the continued ambiguous nature of work and the ever changing boundaries between formal and informal economic activity.


economy employment environment Europe nature state women work

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology and Social PolicyQueen’s UniversityBelfastIreland

About the authors

Madeleine Leonard is a Lecturer in Sociology at Queen's University, Belfast.

Bibliographic information