Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe

Challenges to Social Citizenship

  • Sigrid Betzelt
  • Silke Bothfeld

Part of the Work and Welfare in Europe book series (RECOWE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxii
  2. Introduction and Conceptual Framework

  3. The Universal Adult Worker Norm — Tensions between Equality and Diversity

  4. Erosion of Social Status? — Tensions between Core and Periphery

  5. Governance and Implementation — Tensions between Standardization and Individualization

  6. Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 241-241
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 259-290

About this book


This book analyzes in what way activation policies impact on given patterns of social citizenship that predominate in national contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation introduced into labour market policies in all Western European states challenges the specific patterns of social citizenship in each country.


employment gender governance labor market labour market migrants Nation reforms social security unemployment

Editors and affiliations

  • Sigrid Betzelt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Silke Bothfeld
    • 2
  1. 1.Berlin School of Economics and LawGermany
  2. 2.University of Applied SciencesBremenGermany

Bibliographic information