Science Studies during the Cold War and Beyond

Paradigms Defected

  • Elena Aronova
  • Simone Turchetti

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Science Studies in the “West”

  3. Studies of Science Behind the “Curtain”

  4. National Agendas of the Studies of Science Beyond the “Two Blocs”

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 289-328

About this book


This book examines the ways in which studies of science intertwined with Cold War politics, in both familiar and less familiar “battlefields” of the Cold War. Taken together, the essays highlight two primary roles for science studies as a new field of expertise institutionalized during the Cold War in different political regimes. Firstly, science studies played a political role in cultural Cold War in sustaining as well as destabilizing political ideologies in different political and national contexts. Secondly, it was an instrument of science policies in the early Cold War: the studies of science were promoted as the underpinning for the national policies framed with regard to both global geopolitics and local national priorities. As this book demonstrates, however, the wider we cast our net, extending our histories beyond the more researched developments in the Anglophone West, the more complex and ambivalent both the “science studies” and “the Cold War” become outside these more familiar spaces. The national stories collected in this book may appear incommensurable with what we know as science studies today, but these stories present a vantage point from which to pluralize some of the visions that were constitutive to the construction of “Cold War” as a juxtaposition of the liberal democracies in the “West” and the communist “East.” 


Cold War science policy national policy science studies Poland China Latin America Sweden

Editors and affiliations

  • Elena Aronova
    • 1
  • Simone Turchetti
    • 2
  1. 1.University of California at Santa BarbaraSanta BabaraUSA
  2. 2.University of ManchesterManchesterUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editors and Authors 2016
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, New York
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-1-137-57816-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-137-55943-2
  • Buy this book on publisher's site