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In Vitro Culture of Mycorrhizas

  • Stéphane Declerck
  • J. André Fortin
  • Désiré-Georges Strullu

Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 4)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIV
  2. State of the Art

    1. J. André Fortin, Stéphane Declerck, Désiré-Georges Strullu
      Pages 3-14
  3. Systematics

    1. Stéphane Declerck, Sylvie Séguin, Yolande Dalpé
      Pages 17-30
    2. Yolande Dalpé, Sylvie Cranenbrouck, Sylvie Séguin, Stéphane Declerck
      Pages 31-48
    3. Yolande Dalpé, Francisco Adriano de Souza, Stéphane Declerck
      Pages 49-71
    4. Francisco Adriano de Souza, Yolande Dalpé, Stéphane Declerck, Ivan Enrique de la Providencia, Nathalie Séjalon-Delmas
      Pages 73-91
  4. In Vitro Development and Physiology of Glomeromycetes

    1. Bert Bago, Custodia Cano
      Pages 111-138
    2. Horst Vierheilig, Bert Bago
      Pages 139-158
    3. Anne Grandmougin-Ferjani, Joël Fontaine, Roger Durand
      Pages 159-180
    4. Gervais Rufyikiri, Nathalie Kruyts, Stéphane Declerck, Yves Thiry, Bruno Delvaux, Hervé de Dupré Boulois et al.
      Pages 201-215
  5. Root Organ Culture of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi

    1. Giovanna Maria Giomaro, Davide Sisti, Alessandra Zambonelli
      Pages 253-267
  6. Root Organ Culture of Other Fungal Symbioses

    1. Ram Prasad, Huong Giang Pham, Rina Kumari, Anjana Singh, Vikas Yadav, Minu Sachdev et al.
      Pages 291-312
  7. Biotechnology

  8. Methodology

    1. Sylvie Cranenbrouck, Liesbeth Voets, Céline Bivort, Laurent Renard, Désiré-Georges Strullu, Stéphane Declerck
      Pages 341-375
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 377-388

About this book

Introduction

The ?rst 30 cm of the earth’s surface represents a fragile and valuable ecos- tem, thanks to which terrestrial plants, and indirectly animals and humans, can live. The microbial activity occurring in soil is largely responsible for its physical and nutritional quality. Among the micro-organisms living in soil, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi play a major role. They are present in all types of soil, everywhere on the planet, living in symbiotic association with the roots of most plant species. They have co-evolved with plants for 400 million years, improving their nutrition and resistance to v- ious types of stress. Present practices in conventional agriculture, which introduce great amounts of chemicals, have eliminated or underexploited the AM symbiosis. The rational exploitation of AM fungi in sustainable agriculture, to help minimize the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, has been hampered by several biological characteristics of these mic- organisms: they cannot be grown in the absence of a plant host and their genetic structure is very complex. Despite these limitations, biologists have made important progress in understanding better the functioning of AM fungi. An in vitro technique has been developed using mycorrhizal root organ cultures, which made it possible to investigate the genetics, cell biology and physiology of AM fungi. We can now be objective enough to critically evaluate the impacts the in vitro technique has had to improve our knowledge on mycorrhizal symbiosis.

Keywords

Assimilat Pathogen biodiversity biology biotechnology carbon development fungi growth metabolism mycorrhiza physiology plant growth soil systematics

Editors and affiliations

  • Stéphane Declerck
    • 1
  • J. André Fortin
    • 2
  • Désiré-Georges Strullu
    • 3
  1. 1.Mycothèque de l’Université catholique de Louvain (MUCL), Unité de microbiologieUniversité catholique de Louvain (UCL)Louvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Département de Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Centre de Recherche en Biologie ForestièreUniversité LavalSainte-FoyCanada
  3. 3.Laboratoire de PhytoniqueUniversité d’AngersAngers CedexFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/b138925
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-24027-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-27331-8
  • Series Print ISSN 1613-3382
  • Buy this book on publisher's site