Electromagnetic Aquametry

Electromagnetic Wave Interaction with Water and Moist Substances

  • Klaus Kupfer

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIV
  2. Andrzej W. Kraszewski
    Pages 1-12
  3. Dielectric Properties of Water and Moist Substances

  4. Measurement Methods and Sensors in Frequency Domain

  5. Measurement Methods and Sensors in Time Domain

    1. Christof Huebner, Stefan Schlaeger, Rolf Becker, Alexander Scheuermann, Alexander Brandelik, Wolfram Schaedel et al.
      Pages 317-347
    2. Markus Stacheder, Christof Huebner, Stefan Schlaeger, Alexander Brandelik
      Pages 367-382
  6. Methods and Sensors for Quality Assesment to Products of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry

    1. Stuart O. Nelson, Samir Trabelsi
      Pages 419-442

About this book

Introduction

This book covers all aspects of Electromagnetic Aquametry. It summarizes the wide area of metrology and its applications in electromagnetic sensing of moist materials. The physical properties of water in various degrees of binding interacting with electromagnetic fields is presented by model systems. The book describes measurement methods and sensors in the frequency domain, TDR-techniques for environmental problems, methods and sensors for quality assessment of biological substances, and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques. Environmental sciences, as well as civil and geoengineering, fossil fuels, food and pharmaceutical science are the main fields of application. A very wide frequency sprectrum is used for dielectric measurement methods, but the microwave range is clearly dominant. Multiparameter methods as well as methods of principal components and artificial neural networks for density independent measurements are described.

Keywords

artificial neural networks electromagnetic wave measurement metrology model moisture network neural networks nuclear magnetic resonance polymer sensor sensors simulation transmission water

Editors and affiliations

  • Klaus Kupfer
    • 1
  1. 1.Materialforschungs- und -prüfanstalt an der BauhausUniversität WeimarWeimarGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/b137700
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-22222-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-540-26491-0
  • About this book