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Glycoimmunology in Xenotransplantation

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  • © 2024

Overview

  • Covers the fundamental theories of autotransplantation, allotransplantation, and xenotransplantation
  • Delves into mammalian immune defense, protection from invaders, and blood coagulation
  • Highlights recent xenoantigen-removed swine bred for xenotransplantation, addressing immune response challenges

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About this book

This book describes general glycobiology in emphasizing the structures, biosynthesis, glycosylation and distribution of the glycans and xenogenic glycoantigens in eukaryotic cells of mammals including mouse, swine, chimpanzee and human. In the middle, I have focused on topics in xenotransplantation glycobiology and expand descriptions of allogenic and xenoantigenic transplantation to open the dawn in insights into the origin of life. One of the biological diversity, named species diversity, is a phenomenon environmentally adapted from the evolutionary process for long period. The distinct structures of glycans discriminate each organism and are the essential molecular basis of the discrimination and difference between the organisms, giving an incompatibility between the different species. Diversity and variations in carbohydrate chain structures between family, species, kingdoms and domains mark the global pattern and signs of immune self- and non-self recognition. In human, diversity in ABH blood group antigens is observed in human family and this type pattern distinguishes individuals from a pan-family to non-dividable unit of the family. Blood transfusion and organ transplantation are impossible even in the allogenic cross between humans if carbohydrates are ignored. This explains how and how human beings are a lonely existence. ABH-related antibodies induce hemolysis or hyperacute or allograft rejection due to incompatible graft property even between the same species. The incompatibility is an immunologic rejection when the recipient host receives the tissues or organs from the different species of donors, as well-known in pig-to-human xenotransplantation. The immunologic incompatibility between the donor pigs and the recipient human are based on the evolutionary distance between pigs and humans. This distance allows a xenograft rejection between the 2 mammals. Modification or deletion of the specific gene locus for immune rejection on genome of donor animalsdisrupts the immunological recognition ligands of the donor organs, consequently preventing the immune rejection of the human recipient and xenograft rejection. This book helps undergraduate and graduate students, researcher and professors who are involved in the glycobiology and xenoantigenic biology with recent advances in the xenotransplantation basic and clinic.

Keywords

Table of contents (25 chapters)

Authors and Affiliations

  • Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-Gu, Suwon-Si, Korea (Republic of)

    Cheorl-Ho Kim

About the author

Prof. Cheorl-Ho Kim

Molecular and Cellular Glycobiology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Glycoimmunology in Xenotransplantation

  • Authors: Cheorl-Ho Kim

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-99-7691-1

  • Publisher: Springer Singapore

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2024

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-981-99-7690-4Published: 21 February 2024

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-981-99-7693-5Due: 23 March 2024

  • eBook ISBN: 978-981-99-7691-1Published: 20 February 2024

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XX, 365

  • Number of Illustrations: 1 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: Life Sciences, general

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