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  • Book
  • Open Access
  • © 2022

Women in STEM in Higher Education

Good Practices of Attraction, Access and Retainment in Higher Education

  • Contains examples of mechanisms and strategies to reduce gender bias in STEM

  • Includes practices and initiatives from higher education institutions worldwide

  • Provides a cross-regional experience in Latin America and Europe for engaging more women into STEM

  • This is an open access book

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Educational Technology (LNET)

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Table of contents (10 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiv
  2. A Model for Bridging the Gender Gap in STEM in Higher Education Institutions

    • Alicia García-Holgado, Francisco José García-Peñalvo
    Pages 1-19Open Access
  3. A Review of Irish National Strategy for Gender Equality in Higher Education 2010–2021

    • Julie Dunne, Ayesha O’Reilly, Ashley O’Donoghue, Mary Kinahan
    Pages 21-49Open Access
  4. Making and Taking Leadership in the Promotion of Gender Desegregation in STEM

    • Mervi Heikkinen, Sari Harmoinen, Riitta Keiski, Marja Matinmikko-Blue, Taina Pihlajaniemi
    Pages 51-68Open Access
  5. Reflections on Selected Gender Equality in STEM Initiatives in an Irish University

    • Michael Devereux, Elizabeth Heffernan, Susan McKeever, Julie Dunne, Leslie Shoemaker, Ciarán O’Leary
    Pages 69-83Open Access
  6. Balance4Better: “We Are HERe” More Than a Gender Campaign

    • Maria Giulia Ballatore, Claudia De Giorgi, Arianna Montorsi, Anita Tabacco
    Pages 85-97Open Access
  7. Promoting the Participation of Women in STEM: A Methodological View

    • Lucy García-Ramos, Rita Peñabaena-Niebles, Amparo Camacho, Maria Gabriela Calle, Sofia García-Barreneche
    Pages 99-125Open Access
  8. Women Retention in STEM Higher Education: Systematic Mapping of Gender Issues

    • Esmeralda Campos, Claudia Lizette Garay-Rondero, Patricia Caratozzolo, Angeles Dominguez, Genaro Zavala
    Pages 127-142Open Access
  9. Mentoring Female Students in Engineering as a Way of Caring

    • Patricia Jiménez, Jimena Pascual, Andrés Mejía
    Pages 143-164Open Access
  10. Gender Perspective in STEM Disciplines in Spain Universities

    • Encina Calvo-Iglesias, Irene Epifanio, Sonia Estrade, Elisabet Mas de les Valls
    Pages 165-179Open Access
  11. Examples of Good Practices in Erasmus+ Projects that Integrate Gender and STEM in Higher Education

    • M. Goretti Alonso de Castro, Francisco José García-Peñalvo
    Pages 181-197Open Access

About this book

This open access book addresses challenges related to women in STEM in higher education, presenting research, experiences, studies, and good practices associated with the engagement, access, and retention of women in the STEM disciplines. It also discusses strategies implemented by universities and policymakers to reduce the existing gender gap in these areas. The chapters provide an overview of implementations in different regions of the world and provide numerous examples that can be transferred to other higher education institutions.


  • Women in STEM in Higher Education
  • Gender Gap in STEM Studies
  • Good Practices of Gender Mainstreaming in STEM Studies
  • Mechanism and Strategies to Reduce Gender Gap
  • Retention and Guidance of Women in STEM Disciplines
  • Educational Policies to Reduce Gender Gap in STEM
  • Attraction of Women into STEM Disciplines in Higher Education
  • Studies and Projects about Women in STEM Disciplines
  • Women in STEM in the European Higher Education Space
  • Apps and Technological Ecosystems
  • Open Access

Editors and Affiliations

  • GRIAL Research Group, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain

    Francisco José García-Peñalvo, Alicia García-Holgado

  • Tecnologico de Monterrey, Institute for the Future of Education, Monterrey, Mexico

    Angeles Dominguez

  • Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile

    Jimena Pascual

About the editors

Francisco José García-Peñalvo is Full Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Automation at the University of Salamanca (USAL), Spain, with three six-year periods of research, one six-year period of transferring and innovation, and four five-year periods of recognized teaching. He received the Beatriz Galindo award for teaching excellence in 2019. Since 2006 he has been the head of the Research Group Recognized by the USAL GRIAL (research GRoup on InterAction and eLearning). He was Vice-Dean of Innovation and New Technologies of the Faculty of Sciences of the USAL between 2004 and 2007 and Vice-Rector of Technological Innovation of this University between 2007 and 2009. He is currently the Rector's Delegate for Virtual Teaching and the Coordinator of the Doctorate Programme in Education in the Knowledge Society at USAL. He has published more than 100 research papers in JCR-indexed journal.

Alicia García-Holgado received the degree in Computer Sciences (2011), a M.Sc. in Intelligent Systems (2013) and a Ph.D. (Cum Laude) (2018) from the University of Salamanca, Spain. She is Assistant Professor at the Computer Science Department and member of the GRIAL Research Group of the University of Salamanca since 2009, where she currently leads the research line "Social Responsibility and Inclusion". Her research is related to the development of technological ecosystems for knowledge and learning processes management in heterogeneous contexts, and the gender gap in the STEM areas. Noteworthy the organization and participation in a large number of international activities aimed at reducing the gender gap in STEM. She is currently part of the coordinating team in the W-STEM project and researcher in the CreaSTEAM project, both funded by the European Commission and focused on creating inclusive spaces in education and reducing the gender gap in STEM. She is a board member of the Women in Computing Committee of the Spanish Computing Scientific Society and sub-coordinator of the CLEI Community for Latin American women in computing.

Angeles Dominguez is Associate Dean of Faculty Development of the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, professor of the School of Humanities and Education, and researcher of the Institute for the Future of Education at Tecnologico de Monterrey. Angeles holds a bachelor's in Physics Engineer from the Tecnologico de Monterrey and a Ph.D. in Mathematics Education from Syracuse University, New York. She is a member of the National System of Researchers for her research, SNI-2 (2020–2023). Dr. Dominguez is a member of the interdisciplinary research group SOI-STEM (Socially Oriented Interdisciplinary STEM Education), where she co-leads the Diversity, Equity and Inclusion research line. Her main research areas are interdisciplinary education, gender studies in STEM, and faculty development.

Jimena Pascual is Associate Professor of the School of Industrial Engineering at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso (PUCV), Chile. She holds Ph.D. and M.S.I.E. degrees in industrial engineering from Purdue University, USA, and an industrial engineering degree from PUCV. Her research interests include the mathematical modeling and simulation of logistics and health systems, as well as research in engineering education with social justice and systems thinking perspectives. Her recent collaboration projects include modeling logistics processes related to port operations, optimizing coverage and path planning of unmanned vehicle search-and-rescue missions, and improving engineering education with a focus on innovation and entrepreneurship, social justice and diversity. She leads her university’s participation in the international project “Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM (W-STEM)” funded by the European Union.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Women in STEM in Higher Education

  • Book Subtitle: Good Practices of Attraction, Access and Retainment in Higher Education

  • Editors: Francisco José García-Peñalvo, Alicia García-Holgado, Angeles Dominguez, Jimena Pascual

  • Series Title: Lecture Notes in Educational Technology

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Singapore

  • eBook Packages: Education, Education (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2022

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-981-19-1551-2Published: 25 May 2022

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-981-19-1554-3Published: 25 May 2022

  • eBook ISBN: 978-981-19-1552-9Published: 24 May 2022

  • Series ISSN: 2196-4963

  • Series E-ISSN: 2196-4971

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIV, 197

  • Number of Illustrations: 2 b/w illustrations, 17 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Higher Education, Science Education, Educational Policy and Politics, Mathematics Education

Buying options

Softcover Book USD 49.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)