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Enhancing Smallholder Farmers' Access to Seed of Improved Legume Varieties Through Multi-stakeholder Platforms

Learning from the TLIII project Experiences in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

  • Open Access narrative of Tropical Legumes (TL) III projects led by ICRISAT

  • Inclusive coverage of all aspects of innovation platform use to facilitate seed access for smallholder farmers

  • Shares the unique experiences per country and per specific legume crops, groundnut, chickpea and cowpea

  • Highlights element of sustainability covered from the lab to land

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Table of contents (14 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxxi
  2. General Context of Smallholder Farmers’ Access to Seed of Improved Legume Varieties and Innovation Platform Perspectives

    • Essegbemon Akpo, Chris O. Ojiewo, Issoufou Kapran, Lucky O. Omoigui, Agathe Diama, Rajeev K. Varshney
    Pages 1-7Open Access
  3. Groundnut Seed Production and Distribution Through Multi-Stakeholder Platforms in Southern Region of Tanzania

    • Gerald Alex Lukurugu, Omari Kalanje Mponda, Essegbemon Akpo, Emmanuel S. Monyo, Joseph Nzunda, Happy Daudi et al.
    Pages 9-30Open Access
  4. An Analysis of Groundnut Innovation Platform Achievements in Brokering Improved Varieties to Communities in TL III Project in Burkina Faso

    • Amos Miningou, Appolinaire S. Traoré, Essegbemon Akpo, Issoufou Kapran, Bertin M. Zagré, Gabriel A. Diasso et al.
    Pages 31-49Open Access
  5. Kolokani Groundnut Innovation Platform Activities and Achievements Through TL III Project in Mali

    • Dramane Sako, Mamary Traoré, Folocoum Doumbia, Fodé Diallo, Moussa Fané, Issoufou Kapran
    Pages 51-64Open Access
  6. Enhancing Access to Quality Seed of Improved Groundnut Varieties Through Multi-Stakeholder Platforms in Northern Ghana

    • Doris K. Puozaa, Alhassan Nuhu Jinbaani, Desmond S. Adogoba, Douglas Busagri, Masawudu Abdul Rasheed, Abdul Rashid Issah et al.
    Pages 65-79Open Access
  7. Enhancing Chickpea Production and Productivity Through Stakeholders’ Innovation Platform Approach in Ethiopia

    • Mekasha Chichaybelu, Nigusie Girma, Asnake Fikre, Bekele Gemechu, Tiruaynet Mekuriaw, Tesfaye Geleta et al.
    Pages 97-111Open Access
  8. Organized Farmers Towards Chickpea Seed Self-Sufficiency in Bundelkhand Region of India

    • Uma Sah, S. K. Chaturvedi, G. P. Dixit, N. P. Singh, P. Gaur
    Pages 113-123Open Access
  9. Developing Sustainable Cowpea Seed Systems for Smallholder Farmers through Innovation Platforms in Nigeria: Experience of TL III Project

    • Teryima Iorlamen, Lucky O. Omoigui, Alpha Y. Kamara, Umar Garba, Nater Iyorkaa, Temitope Ademulegun et al.
    Pages 125-142Open Access
  10. Cowpea Seed Innovation Platform: A Hope for Small Seed Producers in Mali

    • Zoumana Kouyate, Kléouforo M. Dao, Oumar Togola, Abdoul Karim Malle, Oumar Malle, Kaly Diakite et al.
    Pages 143-156Open Access
  11. Cowpea Innovation Platform Interventions and Achievements in TL III Project in Burkina Faso

    • Batieno Benoit Joseph, Poda Saadon Leandre, Barry Silamana, Compaore Evelyne, Zongo Hamadou, Sidibe Hamadou et al.
    Pages 157-170Open Access
  12. Impacts of Cowpea Innovation Platforms in Sustaining TL III Project Gains in Ghana

    • Julius Yirzagla, Ibrahim K. D. Atokple, Mohammed Haruna, Abdul Razak Mohammed, Desmond Adobaba, Bashiru Haruna et al.
    Pages 171-183Open Access
  13. A Cross-Case Analysis of Innovation Platform Experiences in Seven Countries in West and East Africa and South Asia

    • Emmanuel S. Monyo, Essegbemon Akpo, Chris O. Ojiewo, Rajeev K. Varshney
    Pages 185-197Open Access
  14. Innovation Platform for Catalyzing Access to Seed of Improved Legume Varieties to Smallholder Farmers

    • Essegbemon Akpo, Chris O. Ojiewo, Issoufou Kapran, Lucky O. Omoigui, Agathe Diama, Rajeev K. Varshney
    Pages 199-205Open Access

About this book

This open access book shares the experiences of Tropical Legumes III (TLIII) project in facilitating access to seed of improved legume varieties to smallholder farmers through innovation platforms. It highlights practices and guiding principles implemented in eight developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This book details key processes that respective teams employed to create an innovation space that delivers seed, other inputs, knowledge and financial services to agricultural communities and most importantly, the underserved farmers in remote areas of the drylands.

It offers valuable insights into the pathway to establishing, promoting and operating innovation platforms to enhance the performance and competitiveness of legume crops’ value chains, and addresses critical issues that must be considered to make innovation platforms more sustainable and attractive to beneficiaries. The book offers a wealth of practical insights for development workers, technical staff, and project managers. This publication is all about TLIII community of practice. It will definitely inspire other development workers and scientists to share their own experiences for others to learn from.


  • Open Access
  • Innovation processes
  • Multi-stakeholders
  • Legume value chain
  • Seed business
  • Rural livelihoods
  • Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

Editors and Affiliations

  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Nairobi, Kenya

    Essegbemon Akpo, Chris O. Ojiewo

  • RP-WCA, ICRISAT, Bamako, Mali

    Issoufou Kapran, Agathe Diama

  • International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kano, Nigeria

    Lucky O. Omoigui

  • Research Program – Genetic Gains, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India

    Rajeev K. Varshney

About the editors

Dr. Essegbemon Akpo has expertise in Plant production, Seed systems, Innovation studies, Participatory action research, and Multi-stakeholder processes. He graduated with Master and PhD degrees from “Université d’Abomey-Calavi, UAC”, Benin and Wageningen University (WUR), Netherlands, Respectively. He previously worked for Benin National Agricultural Research Institute as Junior Scientist, and GRAD Consulting Group as Seed and Innovation Platform Expert. His experiences in agricultural research for development covered improved seed access facilitation for smallholder farmers, connection between biophysical, social and institutional landscapes, participatory technology development, innovation platform support, capacity building for farmers’ organizations, youth and women. He earned several academic awards from UAC and WUR that permitted him to pursue graduate studies. Dr Akpo works for ICRISAT as seed systems scientist. He also teaches seed and plant production at “Université Nationale d’Agriculture, UNA”, Benin, capacitating young generation in quality seed delivery to farming communities. Dr Akpo published dozens of papers.

Dr. Chris Ojiewo is a skilled scientist with over fifteen years professional experiences in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia on basic, applied, and adaptive plant breeding and seed systems research and development aimed at developing and delivering high yielding, nutrient dense, climate-smart, market-preferred varieties of vegetables, legumes and cereals.  Promotion of vegetable-legume-cereal-livestock based family garden intensification systems, improving productivity and profitability for smallholder farmers, gender equity, youth empowerment, nutrition security, knowledge sharing and solving the perpetual problem of food and nutrition insecurity of resource-poor smallholder farmers, especially women and youth in rural and peri-urban semi-arid tropics are core to his sense of purpose. Together with various co-workers, he has researched and published over 100 scientific, technical and policy articles in his area of expertise. Chris obtained both M.Sc and PhD in Plant breeding from Okayama University, Japan; and his BSc. (1st Class) in Horticulture from JKUAT, Nairobi, Kenya.

Dr. Issoufou Kapran is Senior Scientist-Seed Systems Specialist at the West and Central Africa Regional Hub of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Previously, he was Seed Officer and Coordinator for the West Africa Program of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). He helped more than 40 seed companies and cooperatives of West Africa improve their technical capacity and financial leverage towards greater farmer access to quality seeds of improved varieties. Dr. Kapran’s career started as a sorghum breeder and program leader at the “Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)”.  He released several varieties and hybrids, launched a seed unit, and co-organized the first West African Hybrid Sorghum and Pearl Millet Seed Workshop in Niamey, Niger. Dr. Kapran holds a PhD in plant breeding from Purdue University in the USA, and later a Distinguished Alumnus Award by the same university.

Dr. Lucky Osabuohien Omoigui graduated from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. He is a Plant Breeder/Seed Systems Expert working at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kano, Nigeria. He has more than 80 peer reviewed international publications and has delivered numerous oral and posters presentations in many international meetings. Dr. Omoigui is currently leading the cowpea seed delivery component of the Accelerated Varietal Improvement and Seed Delivery of Legumes and Cereals in Africa (AVISA) project. Prior to joining IITA, Dr. Omoigui worked as a Professor of Plant Breeding and Genetics at the Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Science, Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi. He was awarded Arthur Anderson Best Graduating student. He received Recognition for Excellent Research contribution to West Africa Cowpea Consortium. He was also recognized as Outstanding Researcher at the University of Agriculture Makurdi. He is a Member of Agronomy/Crop Science Society of America.

Agathe Diama is the Head of Regional Information for ICRISAT, West and Central Africa Programme. She is based in Bamako, Mali where she coordinates and oversees the implementation of communication activities for ICRISAT-WCA. Agathe is a graduate from the University of Bamako in Sociology and Anthropology. She holds also a Diploma in journalism from the Institute Jesse Louis Jackson, a Master degree in Economic and social administration from the “Institut Supérieur de Technologies Appliquées (TechnoLAB-ISTA)”, Bamako, and a specialized MBA in Communication from ESG Group, Paris. Agathe has worked previously with the Voice of America (VOA) and with the International Finance Corporation – IFC (World Bank Group) as a Communication specialist. Since joining ICRISAT as lead regional communication in West and Central Africa, Agathe Diama is currently the Regional Coordinator of ICRISAT’s Smart Food campaign in West and Central Africa as well.

Prof. Rajeev K Varshney, an agricultural scientist, is Research Program Director, Genetic Gains at ICRISAT. He has over 20 years research experience in international agriculture. Before joining ICRISAT, he worked at IPK-Gatersleben, Germany. He provided strategic leadership, as Principal Investigator for Tropical Legumes II and Tropical Legumes III projects that facilitated the release of 177 varieties touching 11.2 million lives in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Prof. Varshney is recognized as a leader in genome-sequencing, genomics-assisted breeding, translational genomics and capacity building in international agriculture. He has genome sequences of 9 crops and several molecular breeding products in legume crops to his credit. Prof. Varshney, a highly prolific author and a frequent invited speaker is an elected Fellow of several leading international and Indian academies/ societies. He provides leadership by serving as member/chair for several committees, editorial boards, funding organizations and advisory boards in international agriculture research, development and capacity building.


Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Enhancing Smallholder Farmers' Access to Seed of Improved Legume Varieties Through Multi-stakeholder Platforms

  • Book Subtitle: Learning from the TLIII project Experiences in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia

  • Editors: Essegbemon Akpo, Chris O. Ojiewo, Issoufou Kapran, Lucky O. Omoigui, Agathe Diama, Rajeev K. Varshney

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Singapore

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2021

  • License: CC BY

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-981-15-8013-0Published: 12 January 2021

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-981-15-8016-1Published: 19 December 2021

  • eBook ISBN: 978-981-15-8014-7Published: 11 January 2021

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXXI, 205

  • Number of Illustrations: 6 b/w illustrations, 25 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Agriculture, Biotechnology, Plant Breeding/Biotechnology, Plant Anatomy/Development, Plant Genetics and Genomics

Buy it now

Buying options

Hardcover Book USD 59.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Other ways to access