The Belt and Road Initiative

An Old Archetype of a New Development Model

  • Francisco José B. S. Leandro
  • Paulo Afonso B. Duarte

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xliv
  2. The Belt and Road Initiative Concept

  3. The Belt and Road Initiative and the European Union

  4. The Belt and Road Initiative and Latin America, North Atlantic, Central Europe and Central Asia

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 317-317
    2. Ivete Silves Ferreira, João Paulo Madeira
      Pages 343-362
    3. Francisco José B. S. Leandro, Paulo Afonso B. Duarte
      Pages 363-388
    4. Jorge Tavares da Silva, Rui Pereira
      Pages 389-409
    5. Ahmet Salih İkiz
      Pages 459-487
    6. Carlos Martins Branco
      Pages 489-522
    7. Sandra Dias Fernandes, Vera Ageeva
      Pages 523-540
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 541-553

About this book


This book is an analysis of the developments associated with the Belt and Road Initiative (B&RI) five years after Xi Jinping announced both the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and the 21st Maritime Silk Road (21MSR). Together, these two dimensions constitute the B&RI, providing the so-called Chinese ‘project of the century’ with regional, inter-regional and global reach. This book aims at assessing the impact of the B&RI in all these dimensions and levels of influence. This is a current and promising theme, not only in the short and medium terms, but also within a broader timescale, reflecting Chinese strategic thinking itself, since Chinese philosophy and culture are oriented towards long-term and inter-generational perspectives. Likewise, both the title of this publication and the way it has been organized result from the empirical perception that China asserts a conservative attitude towards foreign affairs, redesigned in multiple dimensions, to create a perception of domestic unity and global prestige. In this vein of thought, the B&RI is already influencing and will continue to influence, directly or indirectly, the current economic and political order.

Francisco B. S. José Leandro completed his Ph.D. in political science and international relations from the Catholic University of Portugal in 2010. He is currently an associate professor and Assistant Dean of the Institute for Research on Portuguese-Speaking Countries at the City University of Macau, China.

Paulo Afronso B. Duarte has a Ph.D. in political science from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. He is currently an assistant professor at Universidade Lusófona do Porto and guest professor at the University of Minho in Portugal. He is a post-doctoral researcher at Centro de Investigação em Ciência Política, University of Minho, Portugal.


New Silk Roads and China’s Grand Strategy Belt and Road Initiative form a German perspective EU Legal Obstacles to the Belt and Road Initiative China-EU Framework on the Belt and Road Initiative China´s Role in the International Climate Change Regime China’s outward direct investment (ODI) and BRI BRI Sustainable and Inclusive Growth and Finance Sources Financing of the Belt and Road Initiative Western Hemisphere and the BRI Latin America, the Caribbean, and BRI China’s Blue Economy Partnership the EU’s Blue Growth Strategy China’s “16 + 1” cooperation Central and Eastern Europe, and the BRI Poland and the BRI BRI and the Portuguese Speaking Countries China and the great urban projects in Cape Verde Multiplex regionalism in Central Asia Afghanistan and China’s Foreign Policy India’s Selective Participation in China’s BRI

Editors and affiliations

  • Francisco José B. S. Leandro
    • 1
  • Paulo Afonso B. Duarte
    • 2
  1. 1.City University of MacauMacau SARChina
  2. 2.Research Centre in Political ScienceUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Political Science and International Studies
  • Print ISBN 978-981-15-2563-6
  • Online ISBN 978-981-15-2564-3
  • Buy this book on publisher's site