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Eradicating Blindness

Global Health Innovation from South Asia

Palgrave Macmillan

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  • The first book to study the development of innovative ophthalmological science, and technology and social entrepreneurship in South Asia, and its circulation throughout the Global South

  • Uses multi-sited, empirical data from four eye hospitals (in India, Nepal, Kenya and Mexico)

  • Offers a feminist postcolonial multi-level perspective analysis by pairing an explicit attention to the imposition of power through modes of science and technology circulation with new insights into the multi-level perspective on socio-technical system change

  • Advances theoretical understanding of innovation 'from below', science and technology circulation and appropriate technology choice in a global field of science—ophthalmology

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  • ISBN: 978-981-13-1625-8
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Table of contents (11 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xv
  2. Introduction

    • Logan D. A. Williams
    Pages 1-35
  3. Evidence-Based Medicine: Contesting the Phaco-Regime

    • Logan D. A. Williams
    Pages 253-287
  4. Conclusion: Innovation from Below

    • Logan D. A. Williams
    Pages 289-313
  5. Appendix B: The Robin Hood Model

    • Logan D. A. Williams
    Pages 333-352
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 353-369

About this book

This book describes community ophthalmology professionals in South Asia who demonstrate social entrepreneurship in global health to help the rural poor. Their innovations contested economic and scientific norms, and spread from India and Nepal outwards to other countries in Africa and Asia, as well as the United States, Australia, and Finland.
 
This feminist postcolonial global ethnography illustrates how these innovations have resulted in dual socio-technical systems to solve the problem of avoidable blindness. Policymakers and activists might use this example of how to avoid Schumacher's critique of low labor, large scale and implement Gandhi's philosophy of good for all.

Keywords

  • appropriate technology
  • community ophthalmology
  • conflict sociology
  • development
  • ethnography
  • extended case method
  • global south
  • innovation
  • Kaplinsky
  • multi-level perspective
  • phacoemulsification
  • social entrepreneurship
  • socio-technical regime
  • technology transfer
  • World Health Organization
  • postcolonial

Reviews

“It is fascinating to read this story of pioneering innovation in low-cost, high-volume cataract surgery in the Global South, starting with the Aravind Eye Care System in India and then the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology in Nepal. And about the systemic approach, for example, including a “Robin Hood” business model. Thus, it also illuminates how alternative approaches to innovation are viable, provided the entrepreneurs take the full context into account.” (Arie Rip, Professor Emeritus, Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Twente, Netherlands)

“Williams’ account of “innovation from below”, here from Nepal and India to elsewhere around the globe, and in the field of ophthalmology’s cataract surgeries, is both startling and exciting.  Good-bye to the imperial West-to-Rest dissemination model. Welcome to more useful strategies for charting diverse cross-national appropriations, co-optations, resistances, negotiations, and progressive transformations. A must-read for understanding today’s science and technology transitions.” (Sandra Harding, Distinguished Research Professor, Departments of Education and Gender Studies, University of California Los Angeles, USA)

Authors and Affiliations

  • Logan Williams Consultancy Services, LLC, Cumberland, USA

    Logan D. A. Williams

About the author

Logan D. A. Williams is the principal of Logan Williams Consultancy Services, LLC, and an Associate Editor of Science as Culture. Formerly she was an Assistant Professor of History, Philosophy and Sociology of Science in the Lyman Briggs College and the department of Sociology at Michigan State University, USA.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Eradicating Blindness

  • Book Subtitle: Global Health Innovation from South Asia

  • Authors: Logan D. A. Williams

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1625-8

  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Singapore

  • eBook Packages: Social Sciences, Social Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-981-13-1624-1

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-981-13-4656-9

  • eBook ISBN: 978-981-13-1625-8

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XV, 369

  • Number of Illustrations: 9 b/w illustrations

  • Topics: Science and Technology Studies, Medical Sociology, Medical Anthropology

Buying options

eBook
USD 79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-981-13-1625-8
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)