Blue Carbon in Shallow Coastal Ecosystems

Carbon Dynamics, Policy, and Implementation

  • Tomohiro Kuwae
  • Masakazu Hori

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Masakazu Hori, Christopher J. Bayne, Tomohiro Kuwae
    Pages 1-31
  3. Tomomi Inoue
    Pages 73-99
  4. Goro Yoshida, Masakazu Hori, Hiromori Shimabukuro, Hideki Hamaoka, Toshihiro Onitsuka, Natsuki Hasegawa et al.
    Pages 101-127
  5. Toru Endo, Sosuke Otani
    Pages 129-151
  6. Tatsuki Tokoro, Kenta Watanabe, Kazufumi Tada, Tomohiro Kuwae
    Pages 153-184
  7. Anirban Akhand, Abhra Chanda, Sourav Das, Sugata Hazra, Tomohiro Kuwae
    Pages 185-221
  8. Sosuke Otani, Toru Endo
    Pages 223-250
  9. Katsuyuki Abo, Koichi Sugimatsu, Masakazu Hori, Goro Yoshida, Hiromori Shimabukuro, Hiroshi Yagi et al.
    Pages 251-271
  10. Atsushi Watanabe, Takashi Nakamura
    Pages 273-293
  11. Tomohiro Kuwae, Jota Kanda, Atsushi Kubo, Fumiyuki Nakajima, Hiroshi Ogawa, Akio Sohma et al.
    Pages 295-319
  12. Masato Nobutoki, Satoru Yoshihara, Tomohiro Kuwae
    Pages 321-346
  13. Tomohiro Kuwae, Masakazu Hori
    Pages 347-373

About this book


This book presents a comprehensive and innovative understanding of the role of shallow coastal ecosystems in carbon cycling, particularly marine carbon sequestration. Incorporating a series of forward-looking chapters, the book combines thorough reviews of the global literature and regional assessments—mainly around the Indo-Pacific region and Japan—with global perspectives to provide a thorough assessment of carbon cycling in shallow coastal systems. It advocates the expansion of blue-carbon ecosystems (mangroves, seagrass meadows, and salt marshes) into macroalgal beds, tidal flats, coral reefs, and urbanized shallow waters, demonstrating the potential of these ecosystems as new carbon sinks. Moreover, it discusses not only topics that are currently the focus of blue-carbon studies, i.e., sedimentary carbon stock and accumulation rate, but also CO2 gas exchange between the atmosphere and shallow coastal ecosystems, carbon storage in the water column as refractory organic carbon, and off-site carbon storage. Including highly original contributions, this comprehensive work inspires research beyond the specific regions covered by the chapters. The suite of new concepts and approaches is refreshing and demonstrates that blue-carbon research is indeed a vibrant new field of research, providing deep insights into neglected aspects of carbon cycling in the marine environment. At the same time the book provides guidance for policy makers to deliver benefits to society, for example the inclusion of blue carbon as a carbon offset scheme or the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the Paris Agreement, and also for building resilience in coastal socio-ecosystems through better management. This book is intended for all those interested in the science and management of coastal ecosystems.


Carbon sequestration Shallow coastal ecosystems Seagrass meadows Coastal environmental Costal ecology

Editors and affiliations

  • Tomohiro Kuwae
    • 1
  • Masakazu Hori
    • 2
  1. 1.Coastal and Estuarine Environment Research GroupPort and Airport Research InstituteYokosukaJapan
  2. 2.National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland SeaJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyHatsukaichiJapan

Bibliographic information