Skip to main content

Law, State and Inequality in Pakistan

Explaining the Rise of the Judiciary

  • Book
  • © 2017


  • Offers a comprehensive historical and empirical account of the rise of the judiciary in Pakistan over the post-independence years
  • Is based on a detailed review of all key case law and judicial writings, and framed by the contemporary social theory
  • Presents a unique argument that shows the judiciary as a part of the state institution rather than a separate and helpless entity
  • Uses a critique of institutional liberalism to theoretically link political economy to ‘social’ theory in law
  • Includes supplementary material:

Part of the book series: International Law and the Global South (ILGS)

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this book

eBook USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book USD 159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Other ways to access

Licence this eBook for your library

Institutional subscriptions

About this book

Through a detailed historical and empirical account of post-independence years, this book offers a new assessment of the role of the judiciary in Pakistani politics. Instead of seeing the judiciary as helpless or struggling against an authoritarian state, it argues that the judiciary has been a crucial link in the creation of state and political inequality in Pakistan. This rubs against the central role given to the judiciary in developing countries to fix the ‘corrupt politicians and stubborn bureaucracies’ in the World Bank’s ‘Good Governance’ paradigm and rule of law initiatives. It also challenges the contemporary legal and judicial discourse that extols the virtues of Public Interest Litigation. While the book’s core analysis is a critique of the contemporary liberal legal project, it also adds to the critical tradition of social theory by linking political economy to a social theory of law. The theoretical aspect of the study is applicable to any developing society whose judiciary is going through foreign-sponsored ‘rule of law’ judicial reforms.

Similar content being viewed by others


Table of contents (6 chapters)

  1. Law Under Modernization: Foundational Discourse (1947–1990)

  2. Law Under Neo-Liberal Development: Rights for Democratic Deficit (1990–2008)

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaikh Ahmad Hassan School of Law, Lahore University of Management Sciences Shaikh Ahmad Hassan School of Law, Lahore, Pakistan

    Muhammad Azeem

About the author

Muhammad Azeem is assistant professor at Shaikh Ahmad Hassan School of Law, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Lahore, Pakistan, where he teaches ‘Labour Law,’ ‘Critical Legal Theory,’ as well as ‘International Law from the South: A Critical Perspective to Decolonize.’ He has published multiple books on political economy in Urdu and was a political activist in subaltern sectors, particularly bonded labour, before becoming more theoretically engaged and writing about judicial activism in his Master of Laws (LLM) and PhD at the Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Toronto.

Bibliographic Information

Publish with us