The Soils of Iceland

  • Olafur Arnalds

Part of the World Soils Book Series book series (WSBS)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 1-3
  3. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 17-34
  4. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 35-46
  5. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 47-54
  6. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 55-70
  7. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 71-89
  8. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 91-105
  9. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 107-117
  10. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 119-137
  11. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 139-152
  12. Olafur Arnalds
    Pages 153-180
  13. Back Matter
    Pages 181-183

About this book


In this new volume in the World Soil series, the various types of Icelandic soils, their different characteristics, their formation, degradation and erosion are reviewed. At the same time, the book also deals with the agriculture and land use in general to give a complete view of Icelandic soils. The first part details the natural parameters such as the climate and the geography of Iceland. It also explains Icelandic geology, which is the major parameter controlling the soil formation in this country. The author describes the formation of Iceland, the main volcanic systems, central volcanoes, tephra production and its influence on the soils. Explanations on rocks, glaciers, rivers and other main geologic features are also given. The book continues with a description of the Icelandic geomorphology, giving insights on the main surface types, frost, cryoturbation and other cryogenic features. Then it details the different types of soils, their formation and main features, comparing the Icelandic soils to other soils elsewhere in the world. Erosion and land degradation are then reviewed, including the exceptionally active wind erosion and dust production. Finally, it gives an  insight on land use, agriculture and vegetation types. All this accompanied by the most amazing photos to illustrate the great diversity of Icelandic Soil.


Aeolian Andosols Cryoturbation Deserts Ecosystems Geomorphology Iceland Soil map Vitrisols erosion tephra volcanology

Authors and affiliations

  • Olafur Arnalds
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental SciencesAgricultural University of IcelandBorgarnesIceland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-017-9620-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-9621-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-1255
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-1263
  • Buy this book on publisher's site