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© 2014

Mineral Dust

A Key Player in the Earth System

  • Peter Knippertz
  • Jan-Berend W. Stuut
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Peter Knippertz, Jan-Berend W. Stuut
    Pages 1-14
  3. Daniel R. Muhs, Joseph M. Prospero, Matthew C. Baddock, Thomas E. Gill
    Pages 51-74
  4. Alex R. Baker, Olga Laskina, Vicki H. Grassian
    Pages 75-92
  5. Beatrice Marticorena
    Pages 93-120
  6. Peter Knippertz
    Pages 121-147
  7. Isabelle Chiapello
    Pages 149-177
  8. Gilles Bergametti, Gilles Forêt
    Pages 179-200
  9. Ina Tegen, Michael Schulz
    Pages 201-222
  10. Angela Benedetti, José Maria Baldasano, Sara Basart, Francesco Benincasa, Olivier Boucher, Malcolm E. Brooks et al.
    Pages 223-265
  11. Eleanor J. Highwood, Claire L. Ryder
    Pages 267-286
  12. Athanasios Nenes, Benjamin Murray, Aikaterini Bougiatioti
    Pages 287-325
  13. Ron L. Miller, Peter Knippertz, Carlos Pérez García-Pando, Jan P. Perlwitz, Ina Tegen
    Pages 327-357
  14. Tim Jickells, Philip Boyd, Keith A. Hunter
    Pages 359-384
  15. Suzette A. Morman, Geoffrey S. Plumlee
    Pages 385-409
  16. Daniel R. Muhs, Stephen R. Cattle, Onn Crouvi, Denis-Didier Rousseau, Jimin Sun, Marcelo A. Zárate
    Pages 411-441
  17. Jan-Berend W. Stuut
    Pages 443-462
  18. Paul Vallelonga, Anders Svensson
    Pages 463-485
  19. Back Matter
    Pages 487-509

About this book

Introduction

This volume presents state-of-the-art research about mineral dust, including results from field campaigns, satellite observations, laboratory studies, computer modelling and theoretical studies. Dust research is a new, dynamic and fast-growing area of science and due to its multiple roles in the Earth system, dust has become a fascinating topic for many scientific disciplines. Aspects of dust research covered in this book reach from timescales of minutes (as with dust devils, cloud processes, and radiation) to millennia (as with loess formation and oceanic sediments), making dust both a player and recorder of environmental change.

The book is structured in four main parts that explore characteristics of dust, the global dust cycle, impacts of dust on the Earth system, and dust as a climate indicator. The chapters in these parts provide a comprehensive, detailed overview of this highly interdisciplinary subject.

The contributions presented here cover dust from source to sink and describe all the processes dust particles undergo while travelling through the atmosphere. Chapters explore how dust is lifted and transported, how it affects radiation, clouds, regional circulations, precipitation and chemical processes in the atmosphere, and how it deteriorates air quality. The book explores how dust is removed from the atmosphere by gravitational settling, turbulence or precipitation, how iron contained in dust fertilizes terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and abou

t the role that dust plays in human health. We learn how dust is observed, simulated using computer models and forecast. The book also details the role of dust deposits for climate reconstructions.

Scientific observations and results are presented, along with numerous illustrations. This work has an interdisciplinary appeal and will engage scholars in geology, geography, chemistry, meteorology and physics, amongst others with an interest in the Earth system and environmental change.

Keywords

Dust Transport Earth System Environmental Change Mineral Dust Precipitation

Editors and affiliations

  • Peter Knippertz
    • 1
  • Jan-Berend W. Stuut
    • 2
  1. 1.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Meteorology and Climate ResearchUniversity of Leeds, School of Earth & Environment, Leeds, UKKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, Department of Marine Sedimentology, University of BremenNIOZ – Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Department of Marine Geology and Chemical Oceanography, Texel, The NetherlandsBremenGermany

About the editors

Peter Knippertz is an expert in meteorological aspects of dust storms. He received his PhD in Meteorology from the University of Cologne (Germany) in 2003 and was a researcher at the Universities of Wisconsin-Madison (USA, 2003–2005), Mainz (Germany, 2005–2009), where he received his habilitation in 2008, and Leeds (UK, 2009–2013). In 2013 he moved to the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany), where he is now a Professor of Meteorology. He is currently leading a major 5-year project on dust emission funded by the European Research Council and a large European consortium on cloud-aerosol interactions in West Africa funded by the European Commission.

Jan-Berend Stuut has been working on aeolian dust from a marine perspective since his PhD, which he received from Utrecht University (the Netherlands) in 2001. After his PhD, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Research Center Ocean Margins and the MARUM – Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, both at the University of Bremen, focusing on marine archives of mineral dust. He then moved to the NIOZ - Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research in 2009 to further study modern dust deposition processes in and offshore deserts around the world. Since 2012 he is leading two projects on the marine environmental effects of Saharan funded by both the Dutch NSF (NWO) and the European Research Council (ERC). He is still affiliated to MARUM, Bremen, where he also leads a project on Saharan dust deposition in the A

tlantic Ocean, funded by the German NSF (DFG).

Bibliographic information

Reviews

“The book opens up with origin of mineral dusts, fundamental chemistry, morphology, size distribution and dust deposition. … It is strongly felt that the book has potential to be recommended to earth science scholars, specifically those having specific vision of exploring complex aerosol–earth system interactions with simple perspectives. Additionally, it may well serve as a link between fundamentals and research, and possibly help perspective readers in developing curiosity for exploring mineral dust–earth interactions.” (M. Kumar, R. S. Singh and T. Banerjee, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2015)