Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides

Need and Methods for Risk Assessment

  • Heikki M. T. Hokkanen
  • Ann E. Hajek

Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages ii-xii
  2. General Framework

    1. Heikki M. T. Hokkanen, Franz Bigler, Giovanni Burgio, Joop C. Van Lenteren, Matt B. Thomas
      Pages 1-14
  3. Entomopathogenic Fungi

    1. Ann E. Hajek, Italo Delalibera Junior, Linda Butler
      Pages 15-34
    2. Susanne Vestergaard, Andrew Cherry, Siegfried Keller, Mark Goettel
      Pages 35-62
    3. Heikki M. T. Hokkanen, Qing-Qi Zeng, Ingeborg Menzler-Hokkanen
      Pages 63-71
  4. Viral Insecticides

  5. Entomopathogenic Microsporidia

    1. Leellen F. Solter, James J. Becnel
      Pages 93-118
  6. Bacterial Insecticides

  7. Entomopathogenic Nematodes

    1. Ralf-Udo Ehlers
      Pages 177-220
  8. General Aspects of Environmental Risk Assessment

  9. Back Matter
    Pages 261-269

About this book


Biological pesticides are increasingly finding therr place in IPM and increasing numbers of products are making therr way to the marketplace. Particularly in China, Latin America and Australia, implementation is proceeding on a large scale. However, in the USA and Europe, registration procedures for insect pathogens to be used for insect control have been established that requrre low levels of risk, resulting in costs of retarding the implementation of microbial agents. This book provides a review of the state of the art of studies on the envrronmental impact of microbial insecticides. It originates from a Society for Invertebrate Pathology Microbial Control Division Symposium .. Assessment of envrronmental safety of biological insecticides", organised in collaboration with the EU-ERBIC research project (FAIR5-CT97-3489). This symposium was initiated by Heikki Hokkanen and Chris Lomer, and was held at the SIP Annual Meeting in 2001 in The Netherlands. The emphasis in this book is on large scale use of microbial agents for insect control, demonstrating how this use has been proceeding with minimal envrron­ mental impact. This book is intended to be of use to regulatory authorities in determining whether further studies in eertain areas are necessary and how to conduct them if needed, or whether sufficient information has been collected already to permit fuH registration of many of these biological control agents.


Fungi bacteria ecology environment environmental risk assessment pesticide pesticides safety

Editors and affiliations

  • Heikki M. T. Hokkanen
    • 1
  • Ann E. Hajek
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied BiologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2003
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-6100-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-1441-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site