Transplant Production in the 21st Century

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Transplant Production in Closed System for Solving the Global Issues on Environmental Conservation, Food, Resources and Energy

  • C. Kubota
  • C. Chun

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Closed transplant production systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Toyoki Kozai, Chieri Kubota, Changhoo Chun, Fawzia Afreen, Katsumi Ohyama
      Pages 3-19
    3. Changhoo Chun, Toyoki Kozai
      Pages 20-27
    4. Takehiko Hoshi, Yasumasa Hayashi, Toyoki Kozai
      Pages 38-43
  3. Technology in transplant production

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 45-45
    2. Modeling, measurement and environmental control for transplant production

      1. Masahiro Yabusaki, Yasuomi Ibaraki, Kenji Kurata, Keiko Iwabuchi
        Pages 63-66
      2. Keiko Iwabuchi, Kazuyuki Seyama, Kenji Kurata, Yukiko Hiruta
        Pages 67-71
      3. Chalermpol Kirdmanee, Kriengkrai Mosaleeyanon
        Pages 78-82
      4. Yoshiaki Kitaya, Johshin Tsuruyama, Masayuki Kawai, Toshio Shibuya, Makoto Kiyota
        Pages 83-90
    3. Lighting strategies for transplant production

About this book


We are facing global issues concerning environmental pollution and shortages of food, feed, phytomass (plant biomass) and natural resources, which will become more serious in the forthcoming decades. To solve these issues, immeasurable numbers of various plants and huge amounts of phytomass are required every year for food, feed and for the improvement of amenities, the environment and our quality of life. Increased phytomass is also required as alternative raw material for producing bio-energy, biodegradable plastics and many other plant-originated industrial products. Only by using phytomass as a reproducible energy source and raw material, instead of fossil fuels and atomic power, we can save natural resources and minimize environmental pollution. To increase phytomass globally, we need billions of quality transplants (small plants) to be grown yearly, in the field or in the greenhouse, under various environmental conditions. However, these high quality transplants can be produced only under carefully controlled, rather than variable environment al conditions. Recent research has shown that the closed transplant production system requires considerably small amounts of electricity, water, fertilizer, CO) and pesticide to produce value-added transplants as scheduled with minimum release of environmental pollutants and minimum loss of transplants. The closed or closed-type transplant production system is defined as a transplant production system covered with opaque walls with minimized or controlled ventilation rates, using artificial lighting. With this system, photoperiod, light intensity and quality, air temperature, humidity, CO) concentration and air current speed can be controlled as desired.


Transpiration biotechnology ecosystem quality root growth seedlings system temperature

Editors and affiliations

  • C. Kubota
    • 1
  • C. Chun
    • 1
  1. 1.Chiba UniversityMatsudoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5570-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-9371-7
  • About this book