Maximilian Harden

Censor Germaniae. The Critic in Opposition from Bismarck to the Rise of Nazism

  • Authors
  • Harry F. Young

Part of the International Scholars Forum book series (ISFO, volume 11)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Harry F. Young
    Pages 1-4
  3. Harry F. Young
    Pages 5-15
  4. Harry F. Young
    Pages 16-35
  5. Harry F. Young
    Pages 36-53
  6. Harry F. Young
    Pages 54-81
  7. Harry F. Young
    Pages 82-125
  8. Harry F. Young
    Pages 126-153
  9. Harry F. Young
    Pages 154-177
  10. Harry F. Young
    Pages 178-218
  11. Harry F. Young
    Pages 219-256
  12. Harry F. Young
    Pages 257-268
  13. Harry F. Young
    Pages 269-273
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 274-288

About this book


Maximilian Harden, editor of the magazine Die :(,ukunft (The Future), which appeared weekly from 1892 until 1922, was Wilhelminian Germany's greatest publicist. Bismarck and Clemenceau as well as Max Reinhardt and Pirandello recognized his political and literary genius. Thomas Mann sent early works to him with the inscription: "To the hero and savior";1 and when Paul Valery learned that Harden had attended one of his lectures, he wrote that there was "nothing more flattering and. . . intimi­ dating than to know that you were among those who had listened to me. "2 Today Harden is misunderstood, if not forgotten. It is known that he was an actor who turned to journalism and became famous as a champion of the retired Bismarck. He was the most persistent and daring critic of Kaiser Wilhelm II. He befriended Friedrich von Holstein, the disgraced "evil genius" of the Foreign Office. He entered the First World War a flaming patriot, but later became the voice of the "good German. " He vainly aspired to a post of high responsibility under the Weimar Repub­ lic; and he died in 1927, allegedly a bitter, misanthropic radical. His name is associated with the homosexual scandals of 1907-1909, which were the result of his public campaign against Prince Eulenburg, the Kaiser's close friend and advisor. More than anything else, the Eulenburg affair has obscured Harden's accomplishments as the master critic and guide to a generation of German intellectuals and politicians.


1922 Caspar David Friedrich English literature German Germany Thomas Mann Weimar Republic democracy flat future literature

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