Philosophic Foundations of Genetic Psychology and Gestalt Psychology

A Comparative Study of the Empirical Basis, Theoretical Structure, and Epistemological Groundwork of European Biological Psychology

  • Ash Gobar

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages N1-XXVIII
  2. Structure of Genetic Psychology and Gestalt Psychology

  3. Philosophic Foundations of Empirical Psychology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 205-205
    2. Ash Gobar
      Pages 207-219
    3. Ash Gobar
      Pages 220-241
    4. Ash Gobar
      Pages 242-262
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 310-331

About this book

Introduction

XVI Psychologists have, however, shown that what we are primarily aware of is not a succession of sense-data but figures-ground phenomena: Wittgenstein's ambiguous duck-rabbit is merely one such example. They have also drawn our attention to the existence of tertiary qualities in perception, such as 'symmetry' and 'elegance' which are just as directly given as are the perceived colours red, green or yellow. It is interesting to note that Merleau-Ponty has made considerable use of Gestalt ideas in his Phenomenology of Perception. One of the commonest reasons given by linguistic philosophers for not making direct use of the results of psychological research (although philosophers are usually willing to accept the first-hand results of physical science) is that philosophical accounts of perception and thinking are concerned with analysing the language in which these reports are made; that is to say, they are second-order enquiries. Often this approach is still more restricted and ordinary linguistic usage is taken as the yardstick against which questions relating to thought and perception are to be measured. The task of the philosopher is then con­ fined to the analysis of ordinary language. If he is more adventurous, as some writers on philosophical psychology are, he might go on to show how far the language used by psychological researchers falls short of the paradigms of common sense.

Keywords

Ludwig Wittgenstein assimilation epistemology genetic epistemology philosophy of science psychoanalysis psychology reason science

Authors and affiliations

  • Ash Gobar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Transylvania CollegeUSA
  2. 2.National InstituteUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-0813-1
  • Copyright Information Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 1968
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-015-0287-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-015-0813-1
  • About this book