Entropy and Energy Dissipation in Water Resources

  • V. P. Singh
  • M. Fiorentino

Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Perspectives on Entropy and Energy Dissipation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. J. N. Kapur, H. K. Kesavan
      Pages 3-20
    3. N. B. Harmancioglu, V. P. Singh, N. Alpaslan
      Pages 91-117
    4. A. M. Tamburro
      Pages 131-136
  3. Application on Entropy in Hydrology

  4. Application of Entropy in Water Resources

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. N. B. Harmancioglu, N. Alpaslan, V. P. Singh
      Pages 283-302
    3. U. Amato, M. F. Carfora, C. Cosmi, V. Cuomo, M. Macchiato, M. Ragosta et al.
      Pages 303-318

About this book

Introduction

Since the landmark contributions of C. E. Shannon in 1948, and those of E. T. Jaynes about a decade later, applications of the concept of entropy and the principle of maximum entropy have proliterated in science and engineering. Recent years have witnessed a broad range of new and exciting developments in hydrology and water resources using the entropy concept. These have encompassed innovative methods for hydrologic network design, transfer of information, flow forecasting, reliability assessment for water distribution systems, parameter estimation, derivation of probability distributions, drainage-network analysis, sediment yield modeling and pollutant loading, bridge-scour analysis, construction of velocity profiles, comparative evaluation of hydrologic models, and so on. Some of these methods hold great promise for advancement of engineering practice, permitting rational alternatives to conventional approaches. On the other hand, the concepts of energy and energy dissipation are being increasingly applied to a wide spectrum of problems in environmental and water resources. Both entropy and energy dissipation have their origin in thermodynamics, and are related concepts. Yet, many of the developments using entropy seem to be based entirely on statistical interpretation and have seemingly little physical content. For example, most of the entropy-related developments and applications in water resources have been based on the information-theoretic interpretation of entropy. We believe if the power of the entropy concept is to be fully realized, then its physical basis has to be established.

Keywords

agriculture climatology energy entropy environment environmental engineering forest forestry geography hydraulics hydrology mechanics research water water resources

Editors and affiliations

  • V. P. Singh
    • 1
  • M. Fiorentino
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering and PhysicsUniversity of BasilicataPotenzaItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2430-0
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-5072-2
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-2430-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0921-092X
  • About this book