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Collective Effects in Quantum Statistics of Radiation and Matter

  • V. N. Popov
  • V. S. Yarunin

Part of the Mathematical Physics Studies book series (MPST, volume 9)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 1-31
  3. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 32-65
  4. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 66-102
  5. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 103-121
  6. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 122-159
  7. V. N. Popov, V. S. Yarunin
    Pages 160-203
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 204-215

About this book

Introduction

Material particles, electrons, atoms, molecules, interact with one another by means of electromagnetic forces. That is, these forces are the cause of their being combined into condensed (liquid or solid) states. In these condensed states, the motion of the particles relative to one another proceeds in orderly fashion; their individual properties as well as the electric and magnetic dipole moments and the radiation and absorption spectra, ordinarily vary little by comparison with their properties in the free state. Exceptiotls are the special so-called collective states of condensed media that are formed under phase transitions of the second kind. The collective states of matter are characterized to a high degree by the micro-ordering that arises as a result of the interaction between the particles and which is broken down by chaotic thermal motion under heating. Examples of such pheonomena are the superfluidity of liquid helium, and the superconductivity and ferromagnetism of metals, which exist only at temperatures below the critical temperature. At low temperature states the particles do not exhibit their individual characteristics and conduct themselves as a single whole in many respects. They flow along capillaries in ordered fashion and create an undamped current in a conductor or a macroscopic magnetic moment. In this regard the material acquires special properties that are not usually inherent to it.

Keywords

electromagnetic field quantum theory synergetics

Authors and affiliations

  • V. N. Popov
    • 1
  • V. S. Yarunin
    • 2
  1. 1.Leningrad Branch of V. A. Steklov Mathematical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.USSR
  2. 2.S. I. Vavilov State Optical InstituteRussia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2983-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-7840-5
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-2983-8
  • Buy this book on publisher's site