The Role of Active Elements in the Oxidation Behaviour of High Temperature Metals and Alloys

  • E. Lang

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. M. Lallemant, G. Bertrand, D. Ciosmak, J. P. Larpin, A. Sanfeld
      Pages 23-30
    3. G. Beranger, F. Armanet, M. Lambertin
      Pages 33-51
  3. Effects of Active Elements in Synthetic Oxides

  4. Effect of Active Elements on Oxidation of Metals and Alloys

  5. Interaction of Sulphur and Carbon in Oxidation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 269-269
    2. J. G. Smeggil, A. J. Shuskus, N. S. Bornstein, M. A. DeCrescente
      Pages 271-285
    3. P. Papaiacovou, R. J. Hussey, D. F. Mitchell, M. J. Graham
      Pages 315-315
    4. R. Lobnig, P. Papaiacovou, H. P. Schmidt, H. J. Grabke
      Pages 317-333
    5. D. Bramhoff, H. J. Grabke, H. P. Schmidt
      Pages 335-349
  6. Practical Implications and Outlook

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 351-351

About this book


Metals and alloys rely for their application at high temperature on the formation and retention of oxide scales, which act as a barrier between the metallic substrate and the reactive species in the environment such as 0, S, N, C, Cl, etc. This protection concept requires that the oxide grows slowly, develops a dense, uniform layer, is well adherent, has sufficient ductility to accom­ modate plastic deformation of the substrate and is resistant to thermal cycling. For many years it has been known that small concentrations of certain "active elements" such as Y and the rare earths, as well as carbon and sulphur, can exercise a significant influence upon the oxidation! corrosion behaviour of high temperature metals and alloys. An increasing number of experimental studies on this topic have been published recently. However no generally accepted understanding with regard to the detailed mechanisms and the way in which alloy composition and structure, temperature and environmental conditions, etc., are interacting has yet been achieved, although many - often controversial - theories and ideas have been presented. It therefore seemed to be an appropriate time to bring together a group of experts to review and evaluate the current state-of-the-art and to discuss various aspects of this important topic.



Editors and affiliations

  • E. Lang
    • 1
  1. 1.CEC Joint Research CentreInstitute of Advanced MaterialsPettenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1989
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-7009-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-1147-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site