Laser Processing: Surface Treatment and Film Deposition

  • J. Mazumder
  • O. Conde
  • R. Villar
  • W. Steen

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSE, volume 307)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Overview and Fundamentals

    1. W. M. Steen
      Pages 1-19
    2. H. Hügel, F. Dausinger, W. Bloehs, B. Grünenwald
      Pages 21-46
    3. S. M. Copley, J. A. Todd, M. Yankova, E. Y. Yankov
      Pages 93-119
  3. Mathematical Modeling

  4. Laser Alloying

    1. J. H. Abboud, D. R. F. West, R. D. Rawlings
      Pages 237-254
    2. R. Ebner, K. Rabitsch, B. Kriszt, B. Major
      Pages 255-266
    3. I. Smurov, M. Ignatiev
      Pages 267-326
    4. A. Zambon, E. Ramous, M. Magrini, M. Bianco, C. Rivela
      Pages 327-335
    5. M. A. McMahon, K. G. Watkins, W. M. Steen, R. Vilar, M. G. S. Ferreira
      Pages 337-358
    6. S. P. Gadag, R. Galun, A. Weisheit, B. L. Mordike
      Pages 359-377
  5. Laser Cladding

    1. M. Ellis, D. C. Xiao, W. M. Steen, C. Lee, K. G. Watkins, W. P. Brown
      Pages 379-394
    2. S. Carty, I. Owen, W. M. Steen, B. Bastow, J. T. Spencer
      Pages 395-410

About this book


Synthesis of nonequilibrium metallic phases has been an area of great interest to the materials processing community since early 1960. Inherent rapid cooling rates in laser processing are being used to engineer non-equilibrium microstructures which cannot be rivaled by other processes. This lecture will discuss the phenomena involved and its application in designing materials with tailored properties. What is non-equilibrium Synthesis? This is a synthesis method to produce binary or higher order materials where kinetics of the pro­ cess affects the transport of the constituent elements during phase transformation resulting in a composition or crystallographic configuration which is different from what is observed when the elements arranges themselves with the lowest possible Gibbs Free energy, which is the equilibrium condition. Figure 1 illustrates the phenomena. Phase diagram under equilibrium condition is illustrated by the solid line whereas the no-equilibrium phase diagram is represented by the dotted line. One can observe the shrinkage of the phase field under non-equilibrium condition. Any alloy composition between the solidus lines of the equilibrium and non-equilibrium phase diagram will be a non­ equilibrium alloys with extended solid solution.


Helium-Atom-Streuung Laser PED alloy automation environment modeling

Editors and affiliations

  • J. Mazumder
    • 1
  • O. Conde
    • 2
  • R. Villar
    • 3
  • W. Steen
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Materials EngineeringInstituto Superior TécnicoLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1996
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-94-010-6572-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-009-0197-1
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site