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  • © 2014

Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity

  • Focuses on better quantification of atmospheric deposition, development and application of critical loads methodologies

  • Looks at the assessment of impacts on biodiversity, the consequences for ecosystem services

  • Includes approaches to developing environmental policies to manage the threats of nitrogen deposition

  • Includes supplementary material:

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  • ISBN: 978-94-007-7939-6
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  • Own it forever
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  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
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Table of contents (52 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxix
  2. Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity: Introduction

    • W. Kevin Hicks, Richard Haeuber, Mark A. Sutton
    Pages 1-4
  3. Monitoring and Modelling Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 5-5
    2. Progress in Monitoring and Modelling Estimates of Nitrogen Deposition at Local, Regional and Global Scales

      • Frank Dentener, Robert Vet, Robin L. Dennis, Enzai Du, Umesh C. Kulshrestha, Corinne Galy-Lacaux
      Pages 7-22
    3. Gaseous Nitrogen Emissions from Australian Cattle Feedlots

      • O. Tom Denmead, Deli Chen, Doug Rowell, Zoe Loh, Julian Hill, Stephanie Muir et al.
      Pages 23-29
    4. Regional Scale Modelling of the Concentration and Deposition of Oxidised and Reduced Nitrogen in the UK

      • Anthony J. Dore, Małgorzata Werner, Jane R. Hall, Christopher J. Dore, Stephen Hallsworth, Maciej Kryza et al.
      Pages 39-47
    5. Enrichment of Atmospheric Ammonia and Ammonium in the North China Plain

      • Jianlin Shen, Xuejun Liu, Andreas Fangmeier, Fusuo Zhang
      Pages 57-65
    6. Atmospheric Deposition of Reactive Nitrogen in India

      • Umesh C. Kulshrestha, Monika J. Kulshrestha, Jetta Satyanarayana, Loka Arun K. Reddy
      Pages 75-82
    7. Dry and Wet Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition in West Central Africa

      • Corinne Galy-Lacaux, Claire Delon, Fabien Solmon, Marcellin Adon, Véronique Yoboué, Jonas Mphepya et al.
      Pages 83-91
    8. Interannual Variability of the Atmospheric Nitrogen Budget in West African Dry Savannas

      • Claire Delon, Corinne Galy-Lacaux, Marcellin Adon, Catherine Liousse, Aaron Boone, Dominique Serça et al.
      Pages 93-105
    9. Wet Deposition of Nitrogen at Different Locations in India

      • P. S. P. Rao, P. D. Safai, Krishnakant Budhavant, V.K. Soni
      Pages 117-123
  4. Nitrogen Impacts on Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 125-125
    2. What Happens to Ammonia on Leaf Surfaces?

      • J. Neil Cape
      Pages 139-146
    3. Effects of Nutrient Additions on the Diversity of the Herbaceous-Subshrub Layer of a Brazilian Savanna (Cerrado)

      • Thiago R. B. de Mello, Cássia B. R. Munhoz, Mercedes M. C. Bustamante
      Pages 147-154

About this book

This volume brings together extended reviews and papers of new scientific research on atmospheric nitrogen deposition impacts globally. While there is a wealth of evidence on the magnitude, components and effects of nitrogen disposition on floral biodiversity in Europe and North America, there is an obvious lack of information on impacts on above- and below-ground fauna, and all impacts in other parts of the world, with no clear overview of how the different strands of evidence fit together. This overall synthesis is targeted at the international conventions, but is equally readable for scientists, environmental managers, conservation agencies and policy makers. 'This timely book highlights the global nitrogen deposition problem. Major regions of the world are exceeding sustainability thresholds for adverse effects on ecosystem function and biodiversity. This highlights the importance of ongoing work, including under the Convention on Biological Diversity, in developing indicators and monitoring nitrogen deposition effects to enable appropriate measures. This book presents a milestone towards this global goal as the international community works toward meeting the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, especially Target 8: "By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity". Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity “This key volume highlights the global challenge to reduce atmospheric nitrogen pollution resulting from energy production, transport and agricultural activities. It takes forward the agenda recently launched in the UNEP commissioned report ‘Our Nutrient World”. Dr. Anjan Datta, UNEP.


  • Nitrogen critical loads and levels
  • Nitrogen deposition and ecosystem services
  • Nitrogen disposition monitoring and modelling
  • Nitrogen impacts on biodiversity
  • Policy, mitigation and international conventions
  • air pollution and air quality
  • terrestrial pollution
  • water quality and water pollution

Editors and Affiliations

  • Edinburgh Research Station, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Penicuik, United Kingdom

    Mark A. Sutton

  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Edinburgh Research Station, Penicuik, United Kingdom

    Kate E. Mason, Lucy J. Sheppard

  • University of Lund Department of Chemical Engineering II, Lund, Sweden

    Harald Sverdrup

  • US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, USA

    Richard Haeuber

  • Environment Department, University of York, Heslington, York, United Kingdom

    W. Kevin Hicks

About the editors

Mark A. Sutton is a leading international expert in the behaviour of nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere and their impacts on terrestrial ecosystems. He has a special interest in interactions of atmospheric ammonia and on development of the science policy interface. He is based at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (Edinburgh) and is currently Chair of the International Nitrogen Initiative. Kate E. Mason is an information systems professional working at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (Edinburgh). She has an MScEcon in Archives and extensive experience working in academic libraries and archives. Lucy J. Sheppard has been leading field manipulation experiments into pollution effects on terrestrial ecosystems for nearly 30 years. She has a special interest in effects of different N forms on semi-natural vegetation and carbon cycling in peatlands. She is based at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (Edinburgh). Harald Sverdrup researches actively into chemical weathering of minerals in soils, and the modelling of soil chemistry and forest and aquatic ecosystems involving population dynamics and nutrient and pollution flows. His research on Critical Loads has been used widely under the UNECE-LRTAP Convention where his team have built and adapted models such as PROFILE, SAFE, FORSAFE, AGRO-SAFE and BigMERK to regional use in Europe. At present he focuses on integrated sustainability assessments and is using biogeochemical models to drive biodiversity models. He has been Professor of Chemical Engineering at Lund University since 1994. Richard Haeuber leads the Assessment and Communications Branch in the Clean Air Markets Division of the US Environmental Protection Agency. He was formerly Associate Director of the Ecological Society of America’s Science Programs Office, where he focused on the ecological effects of air pollution on terrestrial, aquatic, and coastal ecosystems. As a Congressional Fellow, he advised US Senate staff on air quality issues and multi-pollutant control legislation. W. Kevin Hicks is a leading researcher with an interest in the transfer of scientific information to the policy process, especially concerning air pollution impacts on terrestrial ecosystems from local to global scales and the linkages between air pollution, climate, biodiversity and ecosystems services. He currently sits on Steering Committee of the European Centre of the International Nitrogen Initiative (INI) and is a Senior Research Fellow at the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Environment Department, at the University of York, UK.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity

  • Editors: Mark A. Sutton, Kate E. Mason, Lucy J. Sheppard, Harald Sverdrup, Richard Haeuber, W. Kevin Hicks

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Dordrecht

  • eBook Packages: Earth and Environmental Science, Earth and Environmental Science (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-94-007-7938-9

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-94-024-0768-6

  • eBook ISBN: 978-94-007-7939-6

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XXIX, 535

  • Number of Illustrations: 55 b/w illustrations, 82 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Pollution, Soil Science, Environmental Management

Buying options

eBook USD 189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-7939-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)