Polyextremophiles

Life Under Multiple Forms of Stress

  • Joseph Seckbach
  • Aharon Oren
  • Helga Stan-Lotter

Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. General Aspects

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Mark C. Capece, Evan Clark, Jamal K. Saleh, Daniel Halford, Nicole Heinl, Samuel Hoskins et al.
      Pages 3-59
    3. Francisco J. López de Saro, Manuel J. Gómez, Enrique González-Tortuero, Víctor Parro
      Pages 81-97
  3. Halophiles

  4. Thermophiles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 269-269
    2. Vikash Kumar, Tulasi Satyanarayana
      Pages 271-296
    3. Richard L. Weiss Bizzoco, Scott T. Kelley
      Pages 315-332
  5. Psychrophiles

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 333-333
    2. Jacqueline Goordial, Guillaume Lamarche-Gagnon, Chih-Ying Lay, Lyle Whyte
      Pages 335-363
    3. Jan K. Vester, Jeanette E. Lylloff, Mikkel A. Glaring, Peter Stougaard
      Pages 365-380

About this book

Introduction

Many Microorganisms and some macro-organisms can live under extreme conditions. For example, high and low temperature, acidic and alkaline conditions, high salt areas, high pressure, toxic compounds, high level of ionizing radiation, anoxia and absence of light, etc. Many organisms inhabit environments characterized by more than one form of stress (Polyextremophiles). Among them are those who live in hypersaline and alkaline, hot and acidic, cold/hot and high hydrostatic pressure, etc. Polyextremophiles found in desert regions have to cope with intense UV irradiation and desiccation, high as well as low temperatures, and low availability of water and nutrients. The chapters of this book provide an updated picture of our current understanding of the distribution of polyextremophilic microorganisms in nature and about the special physiological and biochemical properties that enable them to withstand multiple environmental extremes. It provides descriptions of unusual and less explored ecosystems such as Earth's cryosphere, marine hypersaline deeps, hot and cold desert environments, hot springs with elevated temperature and low or high pH. This book provides novel results of application to polyextremophiles research ranging from nanotechnology to synthetic biology to the origin of life and beyond. The topics of this volume are of importance not only for the understanding of the limits of life on Earth, but also for Astrobiology with the exploration of the possibility of life ‘as we know it’ to be present on other extraterrestrial bodies in the Universe.

Keywords

Astrobiology Biodiversity Habitats Microbial ecology Polyextremophiles

Editors and affiliations

  • Joseph Seckbach
    • 1
  • Aharon Oren
    • 2
  • Helga Stan-Lotter
    • 3
  1. 1.The Hebrew Univ. of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Dept. of Plant and Env. SciencesInstitute of Life Sciences The Hebrew Univ. of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Dept. MikrobiologyUniversität Salzburg FB Molekulare BiologieSalzburgAustria

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6488-0
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-6487-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-6488-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1566-0400
  • Series Online ISSN 2215-0048
  • About this book