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Mortality and Causes of Death in 20th-Century Ukraine

  • France Meslé
  • Jacques Vallin

Part of the Demographic Research Monographs book series (DEMOGRAPHIC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
    Pages 1-4
  3. Long-Term Trends in Life Expectancy and the Consequences of Major Historical Disasters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 5-11
    2. Jacques Vallin, France Meslé, Sergei Adamets, Serhii Pyrozhkov
      Pages 13-38
    3. Jacques Vallin, France Meslé, Sergei Adamets, Serhii Pyrozhkov
      Pages 39-74
  4. Eighty Years of Trends in Sex-Specific and Age-Specific Mortality

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-75
    2. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin, Vladimir Shkolnikov
      Pages 77-88
    3. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin, Vladimir Shkolnikov
      Pages 89-101
    4. Vladimir Shkolnikov
      Pages 103-107
    5. Vladimir Shkolnikov
      Pages 109-117
  5. Cause-Specific Mortality Trends from 1965

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 119-120
    2. Vladimir Shkolnikov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
      Pages 121-130
    3. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
      Pages 131-152
    4. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
      Pages 153-172
    5. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin, Serhii Pyrozhkov
      Pages 173-195
    6. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
      Pages 197-269
    7. France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
      Pages 271-273
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 275-279

About this book

Introduction

The Ukraine faced two very different kinds of health crises during the twentieth century. First, in the 1930s and 1940s, famine, war and political upheaval caused massive population losses. Previous evaluations of overall losses have given an idea of the scale of these catastrophes but do not distinguish between crisis mortality, birth shortfall and loss through emigration. Based on a painstaking work of reconstitution, this study is the first to provide a detailed estimation of the hecatomb in terms of number of deaths and life expectancy. The famine of 1933 was alone responsible for the deaths of 2.6 million Ukrainians and reduced male and female life expectancies to 7 and 11 years respectively. Once the crises of the 1930s and 1940s were over, the earlier trend in health resumed and mortality declined steadily until the 1960s. At this point, however, a new type of crisis appeared that caused a sustained reversal in the existing trends. Life expectancy for women stopped increasing altogether, while that for men began a relentless year on year regression. Notwithstanding the confusing picture created by the fluctuations of the 1980s and 1990s, the long-term trend is to further deterioration. To understand the factors involved, this study analyses in detail the combined effects of different causes of death at different ages.​

Keywords

Cause of death Famine Life expectancy Lower fertility Mortality Registered birth and deaths Ukraine

Authors and affiliations

  • France Meslé
    • 1
  • Jacques Vallin
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut National d'Études DémographiqueParis Cedex 20France
  2. 2.Institut National d'Études DémographiqueParis Cedex 20France

Bibliographic information