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  • Book
  • © 2011

Forests, Trees and Human Health

  • Aggregation and synthesis of a current and broad body of work

  • Focus – on forests and on developed countries

  • Specialist contributors and transdisciplinary approach

  • Currently the only book of its kind

Buying options

eBook USD 229.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-90-481-9806-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (14 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-viii
  2. Forest Products and Environmental Services

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 21-21
    2. Forests, Trees and Human Health and Well-being: Introduction

      • Kjell Nilsson, Marcus Sangster, Cecil C. Konijnendijk
      Pages 1-19
    3. Urban Forests and Their Ecosystem Services in Relation to Human Health

      • Giovanni Sanesi, Christos Gallis, Hans Dieter Kasperidus
      Pages 23-40
    4. Forest Products with Health-Promoting and Medicinal Properties

      • Christos Gallis, Mariella Di Stefano, Paraskevi Moutsatsou, Tytti Sarjala, Vesa Virtanen, Bjarne Holmbom et al.
      Pages 41-76
    5. Negative Aspects and Hazardous Effects of Forest Environment on Human Health

      • Marek Tomalak, Elio Rossi, Francesco Ferrini, Paola A. Moro
      Pages 77-124
  3. Physical and Mental Health and the Experience of Nature

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 125-125
    2. Health Benefits of Nature Experience: Psychological, Social and Cultural Processes

      • Terry Hartig, Agnes E. van den Berg, Caroline M. Hagerhall, Marek Tomalak, Nicole Bauer, Ralf Hansmann et al.
      Pages 127-168
    3. Health Benefits of Nature Experience: The Challenge of Linking Practice and Research

      • Ann Van Herzele, Simon Bell, Terry Hartig, Marie Therese Camilleri Podesta, Ronald van Zon
      Pages 169-182
    4. Health Benefits of Nature Experience: Implications of Practice for Research

      • Simon Bell, Ronald van Zon, Ann Van Herzele, Terry Hartig
      Pages 183-202
  4. Promoting Physical Activity

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 203-203
    2. Contributions of Natural Environments to Physical Activity

      • Sjerp de Vries, Thomas Claßen, Stella-Maria Eigenheer-Hug, Kalevi Korpela, Jolanda Maas, Richard Mitchell et al.
      Pages 205-243
    3. Natural Elements and Physical Activity in Urban Green Space Planning and Design

      • Paolo Semenzato, Tuija Sievänen, Eva Silveirinha de Oliveira, Ana Luisa Soares, Renate Spaeth
      Pages 245-282
    4. Motivating People to Be Physically Active in Green Spaces

      • Amalia Drakou, Rik De Vreese, Tove Lofthus, Jo Muscat
      Pages 283-306
  5. Therapeutical and Educational Aspects

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 307-307
    2. Nature-Based Therapeutic Interventions

      • Ulrika K. Stigsdotter, Anna Maria Palsdottir, Ambra Burls, Alessandra Chermaz, Francesco Ferrini, Patrik Grahn
      Pages 309-342
    3. Outdoor Education, Life Long Learning and Skills Development in Woodlands and Green Spaces: The Potential Links to Health and Well-Being

      • Liz O’Brien, Ambra Burls, Peter Bentsen, Inger Hilmo, Kari Holter, Dorothee Haberling et al.
      Pages 343-372
  6. Forest and Health Policies and Economics

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 373-373
    2. Measuring Health Benefits of Green Space in Economic Terms

      • Ken Willis, Bob Crabtree
      Pages 375-402

About this book

The link between modern lifestyles and increasing levels of chronic heart disease, obesity, stress and poor mental health is a concern across the world. The cost of dealing with these conditions places a large burden on national public health budgets so that policymakers are increasingly looking at prevention as a cost-effective alternative to medical treatment. Attention is turning towards interactions between the environment and lifestyles. Exploring the relationships between health, natural environments in general, and forests in particular, this groundbreaking book is the outcome of the European Union’s COST Action E39 ‘Forests, Trees and Human Health and Wellbeing’, and draws together work carried out over four years by scientists from 25 countries working in the fields of forestry, health, environment and social sciences. While the focus is primarily on health priorities defined within Europe, this volume explicitly draws also on research from North America and elsewhere and will have relevance worldwide. A state-of-the-art analysis of the global research on the topic of forests and human health, a key contribution of the book is its synthesis of material across both disciplines and nations, providing a vital reference for researchers in forestry, health, natural resource management and environmental policy. Currently the only unified body of work on this topic, the book will also be an important tool for those working in both health and environment policy and practice.


  • Forests
  • Horticultural therapy
  • Human health
  • Nature experience
  • Urban forestry


From the reviews:

“This book—the product of a four-year European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) project—is a timely addition to the literature … . the book seems ideal for the practitioner or service-manager looking for a comprehensive overview of the key considerations for using forests and other ‘green spaces’ more systematically to enhance the health and quality of the life of individuals and communities.” (Mike Morgan, International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Vol. 18 (10), October, 2011)

Editors and Affiliations

  • Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Parks and Urban Landscapes, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark

    Kjell Nilsson

  • , Land Use and Social Research, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    Marcus Sangster

  • , National Agricultural Research Foundatio, Forest Research Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece

    Christos Gallis

  • , Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Uppsala University, Gävle, Sweden

    Terry Hartig

  • , Alterra, Wageningen UR, Wageningen, Netherlands

    Sjerp de Vries

  • , Group Society, Environment & Culture, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (E, Zurich, Switzerland

    Klaus Seeland

  • , National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen K, Denmark

    Jasper Schipperijn

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Forests, Trees and Human Health

  • Editors: Kjell Nilsson, Marcus Sangster, Christos Gallis, Terry Hartig, Sjerp de Vries, Klaus Seeland, Jasper Schipperijn

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Dordrecht

  • eBook Packages: Biomedical and Life Sciences, Biomedical and Life Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-90-481-9805-4

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-94-007-9005-6

  • eBook ISBN: 978-90-481-9806-1

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: VIII, 427

  • Topics: Forestry

Buying options

eBook USD 229.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-90-481-9806-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book USD 299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book USD 299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)