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Non Invasive Artificial Ventilation

How, When and Why

  • Stefano Nava
  • Francesco Fanfulla

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 1-3
  3. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 5-7
  4. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 9-14
  5. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 15-19
  6. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 21-27
  7. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 29-41
  8. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 43-55
  9. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 57-61
  10. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 63-65
  11. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 67-78
  12. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 107-111
  13. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 113-120
  14. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 121-124
  15. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 125-129
  16. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 131-142
  17. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 143-148
  18. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 149-153
  19. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 155-168
  20. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 169-175
  21. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 177-194
  22. Stefano Nava, Francesco Fanfulla
    Pages 195-214

About this book

Introduction

Over the last two decades, the increasing use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has reduced the need for endotracheal ventilation, thus decreasing the rate of ventilation-induced complications. Thus, NIV has decreased both intubation rates and mortality rates in specific subsets of patients with acute respiratory failure (for example, patients with hypercapnia, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, immune deficiencies, or post-transplantation acute respiratory failure). Despite the increased use of NIV in clinical practice, there is still a need for more educational tools to improve clinicians’ knowledge of the indications and contraindications for NIV, the factors that predict failure or success, and also what should be considered when starting NIV. This book has the dual function of being a "classical" text where the major findings in the literature are discussed and highlighted, as well as a practical manual on the tricks and pitfalls to consider in NIV application by both beginners and experts. For example, setting the ventilatory parameters; choosing the interfaces, circuits, and humidification systems; monitoring; and the "right " environment for the "right" patient will be discussed to help clinicians in their choices.

Keywords

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Noninvasive ventilation Respiratory failure

Authors and affiliations

  • Stefano Nava
    • 1
  • Francesco Fanfulla
    • 2
  1. 1.Respiratory and Critical Care UnitAO Sant Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Alma Mater UniversityBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Div. PneumologicaFondazione Salvatore Maugeri Div. PneumologicaPaviaItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-5526-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Italia 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Milano
  • eBook Packages Medicine
  • Print ISBN 978-88-470-5525-4
  • Online ISBN 978-88-470-5526-1
  • Buy this book on publisher's site