Tropical Peatland Ecosystems

  • Mitsuru Osaki
  • Nobuyuki Tsuji

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction to Tropical Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. John Rieley, Susan Page
      Pages 3-32
    3. Mitsuru Osaki, Dedi Nursyamsi, Muhammad Noor, Wahyunto, Hendrik Segah
      Pages 49-58
    4. Lulie Melling
      Pages 59-73
    5. Mitsuru Osaki, Bambang Setiadi, Hidenori Takahashi, Muhammad Evri
      Pages 91-112
    6. Haris Gunawan, Shigeo Kobayashi, Kosuke Mizuno, Yasuyuki Kono, Osamu Kozan
      Pages 113-123
  3. Peat Formation and It’s Property

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Masayuki Takada, Sawahiko Shimada, Hidenori Takahashi
      Pages 127-135
    3. Mitsuru Osaki, Kazuyo Hirose, Hendrik Segah, Farhan Helmy
      Pages 137-147
  4. Ecosystem in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 149-149
    2. Kazuki Miyamoto, Takashi S. Kohyama, Joeni Setijo Rahajoe, Edi Mirmanto, Herwint Simbolon
      Pages 151-166
    3. Joeni Setijo Rahajoe, Laode Alhamd, Tika Dewi Atikah, Bayu A. Pratama, Satomi Shiodera, Takashi S. Kohyama
      Pages 167-196
    4. Satomi Shiodera, Tika Dewi Atikah, Ismail Apandi, Tatsuyuki Seino, Akira Haraguchi, Joeni Setijo Rahajoe et al.
      Pages 197-212
    5. Hitoshi Suzuki, Anang Setiawan Achmadi
      Pages 213-226
    6. Sulmin Gumiri, Ardianor, Seigo Higashi, Toshio Iwakuma
      Pages 227-236
    7. Keitaro Tawaraya, Maman Turjaman
      Pages 237-244
  5. Water Condition and Management in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 245-245

About this book

Introduction

This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity, and peatland management in tropical regions. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak, and Southeast Thailand. Tropical peatland has a vital carbon–water storage function and is host to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Peatland ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the impacts of human activities such as logging, drainage, and conversion to agricultural land. In Southeast Asia, severe episodic droughts associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, in combination with over-drainage, forest degradation, and land-use changes, have caused widespread peatland fires and microbial peat oxidation. Indonesia's 20 Mha peatland area is estimated to include about 45–55 GtC of carbon stocks. As a result of land use and development, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (2–3 Gtons carbon dioxide equivalent  per year), 80 % of which is due to deforestation and peatland loss. Thus, tropical peatlands are key ecosystems in terms of the carbon–water cycle and climate change.

Keywords

Biodiversity in Peatland Carbon Sequestrations and Carbon Flux Climate Change and Global Warming Measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) REDD+ Water Dynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Mitsuru Osaki
    • 1
  • Nobuyuki Tsuji
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Center for Sustainability Science,Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55681-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Japan 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Tokyo
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-4-431-55680-0
  • Online ISBN 978-4-431-55681-7
  • About this book