## About these proceedings

### Introduction

In,1872, Boltzmann published a paper which for the first time provided a precise mathematical basis for a discussion of the approach to equilibrium. The paper dealt with the approach to equilibrium of a dilute gas and was based on an equation - the Boltzmann equation, as we call it now - for the velocity distribution function of such ~ gas. The Boltzmann equation still forms the basis of the kinetic theory of gases and has proved fruitful not only for the classical gases Boltzmann had in mind, but als- if properly generalized - for the electron gas in a solid and the excitation gas in a superfluid. Therefore it was felt by many of us that the Boltzmann equation was of sufficient interest, even today, to warrant a meeting, in which a review of its present status would be undertaken. Since Boltzmann had spent a good part of his life in Vienna, this city seemed to be a natural setting for such a meeting. The first day was devoted to historical lectures, since it was generally felt that apart from their general interest, they would furnish a good introduction to the subsequent scientific sessions. We are very much indebted to Dr. D.

### Keywords

Boltzmann equation angular momentum degrees of freedom distribution function electron entropy ergodic theory momentum paper particles physics semiconductor solid-state physics structure transport

### Editors and affiliations

- E. G. D. Cohen
- W. Thirring

- 1.The Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA
- 2.Institute for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

### Bibliographic information