Fortschritte der Chemie Organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products

  • Authors
  • W. Bromer
  • H. Egge
  • K. Eiter
  • R. Eyjólfsson
  • D. Gross
  • H. Hikino
  • Y. Hikino
  • B. G. Jackson
  • R. B. Morin
  • J. E. Pike
  • E. W. Warnhoff
  • H. Wiegandt
  • E. Wong
  • W. Herz
  • H. Grisebach
  • A. I. Scott

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XI
  2. E. W. Warnhoff
    Pages 162-203
  3. K. Eiter
    Pages 204-255
  4. Hiroshi Hikino, Yasuko Hikino
    Pages 256-312
  5. J. E. Pike
    Pages 313-342
  6. R. B. Morin, B. G. Jackson
    Pages 343-403
  7. H. Wiegandt, H. Egge
    Pages 404-428
  8. W. Bromer
    Pages 429-452
  9. Hiroshi Hikino, Yasuko Hikino
    Pages 505-505
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 453-503

About this book

Introduction

The cyanogenic glycosides, here defined as glycosidic derivatives of iX-hydroxynitriles, represent a rather limited class of natural products, which are widely distributed in the plant kingdom and, to a small ex­ tent, even in animals. A characteristic feature of these glycosides is their ability to release hydrocyanic acid on treatment with dilute acids or appropriate enzymes. The term "cyanogenic" is used to designate this property, regardless of whether pure substances, plants, or animals, are serving as the source. In the latter cases the term "cyanophoric" is occasionally employed synonymously. Cyanogenesis in plants was probably first discovered by SCHRADER in 1803 (Io3) working with bitter almonds. In 1830, ROBIQUET and BOUTRON-CHARLARD (IOO) succeeded in isolating the parent glycoside, namely amygdalin. Over the years, a total of 18 cyanogenic glycosides have been isolated and characterized more or less completely (Table I, p. 76). It will be noted that the majority of these compounds has been isolated in the era of classical organic chemistry and that progress in .discovering new compounds, not to mention new structural types, has been surprisingly slow. It is worth remembering here that the mechanism ·of cyanogenesis has been established only in the minority of known cyanogenic species. The cyanogenic glycosides have last been reviewed in 1958 by DILLE­ MANN (36). Since then, no complete reviews in this field have appeared. It is the purpose of the present article to survey the more recent ad­ vances and, hopefully, to stimulate continued interest in these interesting .compounds.

Keywords

chemistry natural product

Editors and affiliations

  • W. Herz
    • 1
  • H. Grisebach
    • 2
  • A. I. Scott
    • 3
  1. 1.TallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Freiburg i. Br.Deutschland
  3. 3.New HavenUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7091-7123-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Vienna 1970
  • Publisher Name Springer, Vienna
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-7091-7125-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-7091-7123-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0071-7886
  • About this book