Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Mark Sanders, Axel Marx, Mikael Stenkula
    Pages 1-6 Open Access
  3. Historical Roots, Ecosystem Assessment, Firm Formation Processes and Legal Competences

  4. Country Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, Luca Grilli, Andrea M. Herrmann, Gresa Latifi, Balázs Páger et al.
      Pages 127-162 Open Access
    3. Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, Michael Fritsch, Andrea M. Herrmann, Gresa Latifi, Balázs Páger et al.
      Pages 163-202 Open Access
    4. Mark Sanders, Mikael Stenkula, James Dunstan, Saul Estrin, Andrea M. Herrmann, Balázs Páger et al.
      Pages 203-246 Open Access
    5. Mark Sanders, Axel Marx, Mikael Stenkula
      Pages 247-252 Open Access

About this book


This open access book is an outcome of the EU’s Horizon 2020 project ‘Financial and Institutional Reforms for an Entrepreneurial Society’ (FIRES). Building on historical, economic and legal analysis, and combining methods and data across disciplines, the authors provide policymakers, stakeholders and scholars with valuable new tools for assessing and improving Europe’s entrepreneurial ecosystems. Then experts from Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom discuss tailored strategies for introducing entrepreneurial policy reforms in their respective countries.


Institutions and entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship policy in the European Union Entrepreneurship policy in Germany Entrepreneurship policy in the UK Policies for entrepreneurial ecosystem Policy interventions for innovation in the EU Creating an entrepreneurial society in the EU Italian entrepreneurship policy Open Access

Editors and affiliations

  • Mark Sanders
    • 1
  • Axel Marx
    • 2
  • Mikael Stenkula
    • 3
  1. 1.Utrecht School of EconomicsUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Leuven Centre for Global Governance StudiesUniversity of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Research Institute of Industrial EconomicsStockholmSweden

About the editors

Axel Marx is deputy director of the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies, University of Leuven (Belgium). His research focuses on global governance, sustainability standards, non-state market regulation, human rights, trade governance, research methodology, comparative case methods and qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). 

Mark Sanders is an associate professor at the Utrecht University School of Economics (The Netherlands). His teaching and research involve connecting entrepreneurship, innovation and the transition towards more sustainable economic growth. Mark is also a member of the Sustainable Finance Lab that aims to make financial markets contribute towards this transition.

Mikael Stenkula is an associate professor at the Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden. His research focus is on entrepreneurship, business structures and taxation.

Bibliographic information