# Groups of Homotopy Classes

## Rank formulas and homotopy-commutativity

• M. Arkowitz
• C. R. Curjel
Book

Part of the Lecture Notes in Mathematics book series (LNM, volume 4)

1. Front Matter
Pages N2-iii
2. M. Arkowitz, C. R. Curjel
Pages 1-2
3. M. Arkowitz, C. R. Curjel
Pages 3-9
4. M. Arkowitz, C. R. Curjel
Pages 10-19
5. M. Arkowitz, C. R. Curjel
Pages 20-26
6. M. Arkowitz, C. R. Curjel
Pages 27-34
7. Back Matter
Pages 35-37

### Introduction

Many of the sets that one encounters in homotopy classification problems have a natural group structure. Among these are the groups [A,nX] of homotopy classes of maps of a space A into a loop-space nx. Other examples are furnished by the groups ~(y) of homotopy classes of homotopy equivalences of a space Y with itself. The groups [A,nX] and ~(Y) are not necessarily abelian. It is our purpose to study these groups using a numerical invariant which can be defined for any group. This invariant, called the rank of a group, is a generalisation of the rank of a finitely generated abelian group. It tells whether or not the groups considered are finite and serves to distinguish two infinite groups. We express the rank of subgroups of [A,nX] and of C(Y) in terms of rational homology and homotopy invariants. The formulas which we obtain enable us to compute the rank in a large number of concrete cases. As the main application we establish several results on commutativity and homotopy-commutativity of H-spaces. Chapter 2 is purely algebraic. We recall the definition of the rank of a group and establish some of its properties. These facts, which may be found in the literature, are needed in later sections. Chapter 3 deals with the groups [A,nx] and the homomorphisms f*: [B,n~l ~ [A,nx] induced by maps f: A ~ B. We prove a general theorem on the rank of the intersection of coincidence subgroups (Theorem 3. 3).

### Keywords

Abelian group Finite Groups Homotopiegruppe Invariant Morphism algebra finite group homology homotopie homotopy theorem

#### Authors and affiliations

• M. Arkowitz
• 1
• 2
• 3
• C. R. Curjel
• 1
• 2
• 3
1. 1.Dartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
2. 2.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA
3. 3.Forschungsinstitut für MathematikEidg. Techn. HochschuleZürichSwitzerland

### Bibliographic information

• DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-15913-2
• Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1964
• Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
• eBook Packages
• Print ISBN 978-3-662-15915-6
• Online ISBN 978-3-662-15913-2
• Series Print ISSN 0075-8434
• Series Online ISSN 1617-9692
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